Need of Children in Disasters
Transcript Need of Children in Disasters
"Risk Reduction is Everybody’s Business”
Progress towards Disaster Risk Reduction
through a Multi-stakeholder Approach
Ministry of Home Affairs
Government of India
Structure of the Presentation
hazard risk profile of India
Multi-stakeholder Mechanism existing in India to
address disaster risk reduction.
Progress made in integrating disaster risk reduction
into development planning
Duration: 15 minutes.
Number of Slides: 14
Natural Hazard Risk Profile
is prone to different types of natural hazards and
has experienced several major disasters in the recent
of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of
moderate to high intensity.
the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is
prone to cyclones and tsunamis.
are recurrent events causing huge damage to
properties and assets every year.
of the cultivable area is drought prone
areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches
Multi-stakeholder Mechanism for DRR
A paradigm shift from response and relief-centric approach to
proactive prevention, mitigation, preparedness, rehabilitation
Disaster Management Act, 2005
Legal, Institutional, Financial and Coordination mechanisms at
National, State, District and Local level to integrate disaster risk
reduction and mitigation in the developmental agenda.
National Executive Committee (NEC) comprising of Secretaries
from key Ministries/Departments of Government of India- a
National Policy on Disaster Management is on anvil.
National Plan on Disaster Management
-National Response Plan
-National Mitigation Plan
-National Capacity Building Plan
is everybody’s business” every Ministry of Central
and State Government has been assigned roles and
responsibilities to address DRR.
integral part of planning process
National/State/ District Disaster
District Disaster Mitigation Fund
Back Better” - the guiding principle of disaster
recovery and reconstruction programmes in India.
Enabling Environment for DRR through other
National Rural Employment Act,2005-an unique legislation aims at
livelihood security and reducing vulnerability of community.
The Environment Protection Act ,1996.
Coastal Zone Regulations.
Disability Act 1995.
The National Policy for Empowerment of Women-
mainstreaming for DRR.
Panchayati Raj Act-73rd and 74th Amendment of the Indian
Disaster Preparedness for Effective Response
Early Warning System established by Indian
Ocean Information Services
( INCOIS), Hyderabad.
Departments/ Organizations identified to provide
early warnings on different natural hazards.
National Emergency Communication Plan to provide
last mile connectivity.
National Flood Atlas has been prepared by the
Central Water Commission.
National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) has been
set up by the Survey of India to collect, compile, analyze
and prepare value-added maps for use by various agencies
in the field of DM.
Management Support Project – MHA-USAID
initiative (training on ICS, procurement of advance search
and rescue equipments etc.).
Based Disaster Risk Management Programme
in 176 multi-hazard prone districts in the country-an
initiative of MHA-UNDP.
Operation Centers established at National, State
and District level for effective coordination during disaster
Vulnerability Atlas for India has been
prepared by Building Material Technology Promotion
Disaster Knowledge Network – a knowledge portal
of 50 national level research and academic organizations.
Disaster Resource Network- 1,21 643- database of
critical resources. http://www.idrn.gov.in
Capacity Development for Disaster Risk Reduction
Institution of Disaster Management, (NIDM)
established. NIDM also hosts SAARC-DMC.
Disaster Management Programme (NDMP) for
training and capacity building of disaster managers.
Programme for Capacity Building of Engineers in
Earthquake Risk Management
Programme for Capacity Building of Architects in
Earthquake Risk Management.
Management in School Curriculum
Reducing the underlying risk factors through appropriate
Social, Economic and Sectoral development policies
The DM Act has made it mandatory for every Ministry/Department
at National and State level to prepare disaster management plans
and integrate DRR in the ongoing development programmes.
DRR is not a stand-alone activity- integral part of developmental planning.
Climate Change is unequivocal- disaster vulnerability closely linked to
Mitigation measures indispensable for sustainable development.
National Action Plan on Climate Change-identified Eight missions .
National Solar Mission
National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency.
National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
National Water Mission
National Mission for Green India
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
National Mission for Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change
Harmonization of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation.
To ensure safe development of human settlements, National
Building Code and Hazard specific codes designed by Bureau
Of Indian Standards exist to ensure structural safety against
natural hazards like Cyclone, Landslides and Earthquakes.
developed by Ministry of Agriculture on watershed
management and dry land agronomy for mitigation of
risk reduction guidelines released by NDMA.
for all the major public infrastructure projects to
adopt hazard resistant construction technology to ensure
structural safety against natural hazards.
Some of the key developmental programmes with
Disaster Risk Reduction content
Prone Area Programme and Desert Development
National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme – provides
wage employment in the rural areas, food security and
creation of durable community assets.
ISRO Disaster Management Support (DMS) Programme
National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (US$350 Million)
National Earthquake Risk Mitigation Project (US $119
National Landslide Risk Mitigation Project .
School Safety Project.
Retrofitting of select life-line structures.
geographical spread and population pressure.
Multi-hazard profile of the country with diverse physical
Capacity gaps in implementing Disaster Risk Reduction
The provisions of the DM legislation requires more time to get
implemented on ground.
Mitigation requires long-term planning and is resource
Need to develop a strong mechanism for disaster information
Need to strengthen the knowledge management systems.
environment and roadmap for sustainable
NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT ARCHITECTURE
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Cabinet Committee on Management of
Ministries and Departments of
Government of India
Ministry of Home Affairs
High Level Committee
National Institute for Disaster Management
National Disaster Response Force
National Disaster Mitigation Reserves
National Crisis Management
Ministries and Departments of States
Central Para Military Forces
NYKS and NSS
State Disaster Response Force