Need of Children in Disasters

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Transcript Need of Children in Disasters

"Risk Reduction is Everybody’s Business”
Progress towards Disaster Risk Reduction
through a Multi-stakeholder Approach
Presented by
O. Ravi
Joint Secretary
Ministry of Home Affairs
Government of India
New Delhi
2nd December,2008
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Structure of the Presentation
Content:
 Natural
hazard risk profile of India
 Multi-stakeholder Mechanism existing in India to
address disaster risk reduction.
 Progress made in integrating disaster risk reduction
into development planning
 Contextual challenges
Duration: 15 minutes.
Number of Slides: 14
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Natural Hazard Risk Profile
 India
is prone to different types of natural hazards and
has experienced several major disasters in the recent
past.
 58.6%
of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of
moderate to high intensity.
 Of
the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is
prone to cyclones and tsunamis.
 Floods
are recurrent events causing huge damage to
properties and assets every year.
 68%
of the cultivable area is drought prone
 Hilly
areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches
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Multi-stakeholder Mechanism for DRR

A paradigm shift from response and relief-centric approach to
proactive prevention, mitigation, preparedness, rehabilitation
and reconstruction.

Disaster Management Act, 2005

Legal, Institutional, Financial and Coordination mechanisms at
National, State, District and Local level to integrate disaster risk
reduction and mitigation in the developmental agenda.

National Executive Committee (NEC) comprising of Secretaries
from key Ministries/Departments of Government of India- a
coordination mechanism

National Policy on Disaster Management is on anvil.

National Plan on Disaster Management
-National Response Plan
-National Mitigation Plan
-National Capacity Building Plan
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Continued
 “DRR
is everybody’s business” every Ministry of Central
and State Government has been assigned roles and
responsibilities to address DRR.
 DRR
integral part of planning process
 National/State/ District Disaster
 National/State/
Response Fund
District Disaster Mitigation Fund
 “Building
Back Better” - the guiding principle of disaster
recovery and reconstruction programmes in India.
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Enabling Environment for DRR through other
Legislations/Policy Frameworks
 National Rural Employment Act,2005-an unique legislation aims at
livelihood security and reducing vulnerability of community.
 The Environment Protection Act ,1996.
 Environment Policy,2006.
 Coastal Zone Regulations.
 Disability Act 1995.
 The National Policy for Empowerment of Women-
gender
mainstreaming for DRR.
 Panchayati Raj Act-73rd and 74th Amendment of the Indian
Constitution.
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Disaster Preparedness for Effective Response
 Tsunami
Early Warning System established by Indian
National
Centre for
Ocean Information Services
( INCOIS), Hyderabad.
 Key
Departments/ Organizations identified to provide
early warnings on different natural hazards.
 National Disaster
Response Force.
 The
National Emergency Communication Plan to provide
last mile connectivity.
 The
National Flood Atlas has been prepared by the
Central Water Commission.
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Continued
 The
National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) has been
set up by the Survey of India to collect, compile, analyze
and prepare value-added maps for use by various agencies
in the field of DM.
Management Support Project – MHA-USAID
initiative (training on ICS, procurement of advance search
and rescue equipments etc.).
 Disaster
 Community
Based Disaster Risk Management Programme
in 176 multi-hazard prone districts in the country-an
initiative of MHA-UNDP.
 Emergency
Operation Centers established at National, State
and District level for effective coordination during disaster
response .
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Continued
 Macro-scale
Vulnerability Atlas for India has been
prepared by Building Material Technology Promotion
Council .
Disaster Knowledge Network – a knowledge portal
of 50 national level research and academic organizations.
 India
 India
Disaster Resource Network- 1,21 643- database of
critical resources. http://www.idrn.gov.in
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Capacity Development for Disaster Risk Reduction
 National
Institution of Disaster Management, (NIDM)
established. NIDM also hosts SAARC-DMC.
 National
Disaster Management Programme (NDMP) for
training and capacity building of disaster managers.
 National
Programme for Capacity Building of Engineers in
Earthquake Risk Management
 National
Programme for Capacity Building of Architects in
Earthquake Risk Management.
 Disaster
Management in School Curriculum
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Reducing the underlying risk factors through appropriate
Social, Economic and Sectoral development policies
The DM Act has made it mandatory for every Ministry/Department
at National and State level to prepare disaster management plans
and integrate DRR in the ongoing development programmes.
 DRR is not a stand-alone activity- integral part of developmental planning.
 Climate Change is unequivocal- disaster vulnerability closely linked to
Climate Change.
 Mitigation measures indispensable for sustainable development.

National Action Plan on Climate Change-identified Eight missions .
 National Solar Mission
 National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
 National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency.
 National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
 National Water Mission
 National Mission for Green India
 National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
 National Mission for Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change
Harmonization of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation.
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Continued

To ensure safe development of human settlements, National
Building Code and Hazard specific codes designed by Bureau
Of Indian Standards exist to ensure structural safety against
natural hazards like Cyclone, Landslides and Earthquakes.
 Guidelines
developed by Ministry of Agriculture on watershed
management and dry land agronomy for mitigation of
droughts.
 Hazard-specific
risk reduction guidelines released by NDMA.
 Mandatory
for all the major public infrastructure projects to
adopt hazard resistant construction technology to ensure
structural safety against natural hazards.
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Some of the key developmental programmes with
Disaster Risk Reduction content
 Drought
Prone Area Programme and Desert Development
Programme.
 National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme – provides
wage employment in the rural areas, food security and
creation of durable community assets.
 ISRO Disaster Management Support (DMS) Programme
 National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (US$350 Million)
 National Earthquake Risk Mitigation Project (US $119
Million approx.)
 National Landslide Risk Mitigation Project .
 School Safety Project.
 Retrofitting of select life-line structures.
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Contextual Challenges
 Vast
geographical spread and population pressure.
 Multi-hazard profile of the country with diverse physical
topography.
 Capacity gaps in implementing Disaster Risk Reduction
measures.
 The provisions of the DM legislation requires more time to get
implemented on ground.
 Mitigation requires long-term planning and is resource
intensive.
 Need to develop a strong mechanism for disaster information
sharing.
 Need to strengthen the knowledge management systems.
 Enabling
environment and roadmap for sustainable
development.
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Thank you
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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT ARCHITECTURE
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Cabinet Committee on Management of
Natural Calamities
Ministries and Departments of
Government of India
Planning Commission
Ministry of Home Affairs
High Level Committee
National Institute for Disaster Management
NDMA
National Disaster Response Force
NEC
National Disaster Mitigation Reserves
National Crisis Management
Committee
Armed Forces
Ministries and Departments of States
STATES
Central Para Military Forces
Fire Services
Civil Defence
State Police
District
Administration
DDMAs
Home Guards
Local Authorities
NYKS and NSS
State Disaster Response Force
Technical Institutions
M
U
N
I
T
Y
Professional Bodies
Academic Institutions
Scientific Organizations
O
M
SDMAs
SECs
C
COMMUNITY
Corporate Sectors
NGOs
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