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Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
Water Scarcity and WFD Implementation:
State of play, Gaps and Opportunities
Giorgio Pineschi
Water Scarcity and Drought Expert Network
Athens 19 January 2007
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
WFD Challenge
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Austria
Belgium
Cyprus
Czech
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Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
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“WFD Scoreboard” - Nov 2006
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Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
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Poland
Portugal
Slovakia
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Spain
Sweden
United
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Scoreboard and all MS reports publicly availble through:
http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/water/water-framework/
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
ADIGE
TEVERE
WFD is focused on Water Quality
ARNO
FLUMENDOSA
Organisation of
Common Implementation Strategy 2007 -2009
Strategic Steering Group
“WFD and Hydromorphology ”
Stakeholder Forum
“Water Scarcity and Droughts ”
Water Directors
Steering of implementation process
Chair: Presidency, Co -chair: Commission
Chair: DE, UK and Commission
Chair: Commission
Expert Network
Chair: FR/ES/IT
Strategic Steering Group
“WFD and Agriculture ”
Strategic Co-ordination Group
Chair: FR, UK and Commission
Art. 21
Committee
Co-ordination of work programme
Chair: Commission
Drafting Group
“Objectives/Exemptions/
Economics ”
Chair: Commission and DK
Working Group A
“Ecological Status”
Chair: JRC, DE and UK
Working Group D
“Reporting”
Working Group F
“Floods”
Chair: Commission, EEA and FR
Chair: Commission
"GIS” Expert Network
Working Group C
“Groundwater”
Working Group E
“Priority Substances”
Chair: Commission and AT
Chair: Commission
“Chemical Monitoring”
“Chemical Monitoring”
Chair: Commission/IT
Chair: Commission/IT
Stakeholders, NGO’s, Researchers, Experts, etc.
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
What kind of problem are we facing ?
•
Imbalances : water demands exceed the supply capacity of natural
system
•
Aridity : natural phenomenon (low water avaibility)
•
Drought situation : deviation from the average situation, still within the
ecosystem natural variability
RESULT IN
Transitory periods of water deficiency
long-term imbalances
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
A new approach for drought management
• Social, economic and environmental aspects
• From crisis to risk management
new conception of d.m.
 long-term drought preparedness policies
 prevention and mitigation actions
 proactive management
 contingency planning – reduce vulnerability and increase resilience
• Need of coordination
• Need of lessons from previous drought events
• Strategic planning of water resources management for drought preparation
and mitigation
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
Drought planning and management
Permanent or temporary deficit
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
Strategic planning
- LONG-TERM ACTIONS




Water conservation and demand management (efficient use and resource protection)
Educational Programs
Social awareness
Research
- SHORT-TERM ACTIONS



to reduce the vulnerability of water supply
systems to drought
to face an incoming particular drought
event within the existing framework of
infrastructures and management policies
monitoring system (Drought Plan Monitoring)
impact assessment system
response system requires:

legal framework

organisational structure

measures and infrastructures
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
• Emerging actions on demand side
 Reduction of leakages
 improvements of irrigation technologies
 Improvement of water reuse technologies
 Evaluation of water bank and quotas system
 Establish adapted tax system and pricing policy
 Development of education and awareness campaigns
• Emerging actions on supply side
 Preservation of the functioning of natural catchments and
restoration of lost catchments
 Improvement of an efficient use of water infrastructures
(dams, inter basin water transfer,…)
 Establish an obligation for a costs/advantages/alternative
solution analysis for every new water resource creation project
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
Issues in the implementation of WFD
1. The link between water scarcity and environmental
protection issues and objectives (WFD)
2. The link between WFD implementation and water scarcity
management
 prevention of further deterioration
 mitigation of drought effects
 good ecological status achievement
 qood quantitative status for
groundwaters
1 Dicembre 2004
• POM
• RBMP
• DROUGHT MANAGEMT SUB-PLAN
• PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
Athens 19 January 2007
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
Issues in the implementation of WFD
•
When and where needed, a specific “drought management (sub)plan” should
be included in the WFD RBMP (art. 13.5).
•
Public participation (art. 14) should also be organised around water scarcity
management issues, as required by the WFD.
•
When developing the WFD POM and associated RBMPs (art. 11 and 13),
quantitative and qualitative aspects should be jointly considered for the plans
and programmes to be coherent and to create synergies where possible.
•
The integration of specific quantitative management measures inside the POM
could add supplementary constraints (technical and financial) for concerned
countries to take into account.
•
When setting the environmental objectives in the RBMPs, these additional
constraints should be taken into account when justifying the potential
exemptions.
•
Drought plans must establish objective thresholds in order to implement the
specific measures that are related to an indicator system and also included in
the RBMPs
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
Main further development needed
•Evaluation of the efficiency of measures (methodologies)
•Link with Climate changes
•Link with the research sphere
•Drought Exemptions /Drought Monitoring and appropriate
indicators for a common assessment
•Link with other policies (agriculture, land planning,
industry…)
•Explore the EU funding instruments for WS and Drought
•Public Awareness
•Best Combination of measures
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
EU Activities on
“WATER SCARCITY AND DROUGHT”
CIS Drafting Group
June 2006
• Technical document
“Water Scarcity and Drought management in the context of WFD”
• Policy Summary on Water Scarcity and Drought
PENDING ISSUES (exemptions, drought management plans,agriculture)
European Action on Water Scarcity and Drought
June 2006
• First Report on Water Scarcity and Drought presented by the
Commission to the Environment Council
Need for FURTHER ANALYSIS
EU Activities on
“WATER SCARCITY AND DROUGHT”
POLITICAL ACTION
Policy development on Water Scarcity&Drought
(COMM supported by a Stakeholder Forum and Expert Network)
COMMUNICATION (by June 2007)
TECHNICAL WORK
MODULE 1
In-depth assessment
(COMM supported
by expert net)
MODULE 2
Links between
WS&D and WFD
(EXPERT NET)
Support to other CIS groups (agriculture, exemptions, climate change, GWs)
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
The Expert Network,
led by FR,IT, ES, will :
 Support
the COMM in the in-depth
analysis
 Work on the “pending issues”, producing
one technical (?) output
 Function as an observatory for WS&D
issues, referring to WDs, via SCG
 Work as interface with other WGs and
with the MED-EUWI/WFD JP
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
MODULE 1: IN-DEPTH ASSESSMENT
Leader
COMMISSION
Support
Co-leader, Expert Network
Objective
Get a more detailed picture of the situation in order to assess
whether additional actions are needed and in particular:
 the extent and magnitude of problems
 the size of gaps in EU legislation to address WS&D
Tasks
 definition of the kind of data and indicators
 data collection and examination (consistency, comparability)
 synthesis of available information
 analysis of existing gaps in EU legislation and financial
instruments
Outcomes
 first interim report (analysis of data)
 final report (impacts, existing measures, gaps)
 complementary report (information from research sphere)
MODULE 2: Links between WS&D and WFD
Leader
Expert Network (on the basis of the existing group WS&D with
new MS and stakeholders) - leaded by FR, ES, IT
Objective
Analyse specific aspects of the implementation of WFD
linked to WS&D in order to have a common understanding:
 agriculture
 exemptions (prolonged droughts)
 drought management plan (as supplementary plan - art. 13)
 groundwaters
 climate change
Tasks
 interface with other CIS WGs (exemptions, agriculture,
climate change, groundwater) through the FR, ES, IT
representatives and through written documents
 develop common understanding of provisions of art. 13
(RBMP - supplementary plan) in WS&D situations
Outcomes
 technical report on drought management plan
 technical inputs on exemptions and agriculture (to be sent
to the thematic CIS WGs)
 workshop on best practices and lessons learnt
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
MODULE 2: activities
The following specific aspects of the implementation of the WFD linked to WS&D
will be scrutinized within the CIS WGs and need a common understanding:
Agriculture
Exemptions
(art. 4.6)
DMP
(art. 11, 13)
- analysis of measures that could be utilised to address WS&D
- what is already done by MS (table by country & by measure)
- Common understanding of ‘prolonged droughts’
(definitions of indicators and thresholds according to
climatic context)
- Measures under exceptional circumstances
- Analysis of existing practices and development
plans
- Allowing compatibility with article 13
Climate
change
evaluation of climate change effects on drought events.
Interface with WS&D activities will be identified as soon as the
activity is set up
GWs
providing information (legislative and financial) on existing
measures at EU and national levels linked with preventing and
mitigating WS&D in case of groundwater resources overexploitation
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007
EXPERT NETWORK ON “WATER SCARCITY AND DROUGHT”
TIMETABLE
Time
2007
2
2008
Actions
1
3
4
1
Management phase
X
Working Module 1
X
X
X
X
X
Working Module 2
X
X
X
X
X
4
X
X
Workshop under the French
Presidency
X
Deliverables
Module 1 reports
First Interim Report
(available)
Final report
X
Complementary report
X
Module 2 reports
Technical input on agriculture
to be sent to WFD&Ag SSG
Technical report on drought
management plan
3
X
Workshop under the
Portuguese Presidency
Technical input on exemptions
to be sent to EO&Exmpt group
2
2009
X
X
X
1
2
3
4
Water Scarcity & Drought Expert Network
To meet the objectives of module 1 and 2
will be crucial to:
Facilitate the information exchange
Set a strong coordination among the different
existing activities on WS & D
Learn from the existing experience
Make the best use of the scientific results coming
from the Research Projects
Make the best use of the EU Research founds
1 Dicembre 2004
Athens 19 January 2007