Merton Rule - Merton Council

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Transcript Merton Rule - Merton Council

Combating Climate Change
The power of planning
The Merton Rule….and beyond……
The Merton
“Merton Rule” conference
May 08
Adrian Hewitt FRSA
London Borough of Merton
Municipal Climate Change Strategy
Cut CO2 by 15% by 2015
How..? By dong the things that:
a) Cut the most CO2
b) Do so fastest
dependant
on c & d
c) Have the most financial logic
d) We have the most control over
Ownership & Operation
Regulation
Incentive/Disincentive
Education
Rights
Mitigation/Compensation
Massachusetts Institute of Technology – Apr 07
Tools of
Government
action
CO2 reduction influence
HOW ?
INFLUENCE
Buildings
Local
✔
Energy
Local
✔
Waste
Local and regional
✔
Water
Local, Commercial, Behavioural
Transport
National, Regional, Behavioural
Food / Lifestyles National, Global, Commercial, Behavioural
Industry
National, Global and Commercial
Perm State University, Russia – Sep 06
The definition of a “Merton Rule” – 2nd tool of action
“The Council will require development to use on-site
renewable energy to cut CO2 emissions by at least 10%”
Scotland
Wales
North Devon
Para 20: (bullet 4)
Planning Authorities Oldham
should:
“expect a proportionBromley
of the
energy supply of newEaling
development to be secured
Sefton (Liv)
from decentralized and
Manchester
renewable or low-carbon
Guildford
energy sources.”
Westminster
Surrey
Etc………..
Building Service Journal – May 08
Michael Fallon MP : Private Members Bill
Planning and Energy Bill – a Bill to:
Enable local planning authorities to set requirements for energy
generation and energy efficiency in local plans.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice
and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
A local planning authority may include in any development plan
document a policy to require in relation to any development in its area:
a) a proportion of energy used in developments to be from renewable
sources within the locality of the development
b) a proportion of energy to be from low carbon sources within the
locality of the development
c) development in their area to comply with energy efficiency standards
that exceed energy requirements imposed by building regulations
Friends of the Earth, Scotland – Jan 08
Miles Rd Business Incubator
CASE
STUDIES
Kings College School
Quiet Revolution 5 turbine
Consider peripheral issues like:
- Maintaining an interest in site
- Day-to-day/long term operation
- Will the energy actually be used
- Behavioural factors
- Access, maintenance, finance
- Local sensitivities, politics
- Equity and retail value etc etc…
British High Commission, Rome - April 07
Big Yellow Box self storage
Photovoltaic panels
Vertical axis turbine
CO2 reduction 12 tonnes
Morden Area Forum, Merton – May 09
Fairview Homes Croydon Queens Hospital 350 homes
solar water heaters
photovoltaic panels
micro-turbines
Total CO2 reduction 50 tonnes
Royal Town Planning Institute: Masterclass – May 08
Lidl supermarket
3,000 m2
Ground Source Heat & Cooling
system – under the car park
Total CO2 reduction 92 tonnes =
35% of Green House Gas
Pre-warming for store in winter.
Pre-cooling for chiller cabinets
in winter resulting in savings on
CFC refrigerant gas
Royal Town Planning Institute: Masterclass – May 08
B&Q New Malden: 10,000 m2 + 50 homes
Ground Source Heat piles
Vertical Axis turbine
Micro turbines
Solar Thermal
Photovoltaic
“The mixed-use scheme close to
the A3 in south London includes a
new B&Q store that will benefit
from having 10% of its energy
needs catered for by renewable
energy sources on site.”
Building Service Journal – May 08
Brown & Root Tower –
conversion from offices to residential
Option 2
1
Royal Town Planning Institute: Masterclass – May 08
Hartfield Rd Wimbledon
Shopping arcade, Hotel, 90 flats
Option 1 Ground Source Heat system
embedded in the foundation piles
Option 2. CHP + PVs
Royal Town Planning Institute: Masterclass – May 08
Rowan Road: Merton: English Partnerships
 220 homes, doctors surgery and community centre
 Built to Code level 4
Option 2
1
6
Site
mini
wide
Ground
district
Source
heat and
Heatpower
networks
network – pipes & cables
 Pumps
CHP units
andtoexchangers
run on renewable
to use “green”
energy biogas
electricity
fromfrom
pyrolysis
pyrolysis
plant
biogas
 200 m2 of photovoltaic panels – urban eco-chic
Total
Total
COCO
of 80
..???
tonnes
100%..??
= 80%
2 reduction
2 reduction
Canadian micro-generation strategy, Vancouver – Apr 07
Policy diversity and local initiatives = innovation
Local planning Public & political
& initiatives
pressure
Zero-carbon
Energy security buildings by 2016/19
Oil “topping point”
Buildings
Energy
Waste
Information
Innovation is essential to
develop the methods and
techniques needed to meet
the 2016 zero-carbon target
National Physical Laboratory - June 07
Rowan Crescent
“Emergence”
Dahlia Drive
Green family
Green converts
Mortgage addition
Keeping up with the
Urban
Jones’
eco-chic
Stamp duty cut
B&Q
Acacia Avenue Municipal energy co
Municipal
Conversion
Retired
MertonRule
Sycamore Lane
The Acacia
Avenue
scenario
Beech Close
in 10 – 15 – 20 – 25 years
ICLEI, Freiburg - June 07
Combating Climate Change
The “Merton Rule”
“To mobilize we must
develop a technique
and methods so simple
that the citizen of good
common sense can
readily grasp the idea.”
“Virtuous motives trammelled by
inertia and timidity, are no match for
armed and resolute wickedness. A
sincere love of peace is no excuse
for muddling hundreds of millions
of humble folk into total war.”
Adrian Hewitt
Metropolis Green
Copyright © AJH – not to be used or copied without permission
Contact: [email protected]
Oxford University - Institute of Russian and Slavonic Studies - Nov 06