Gamelan Music (aos2)
Transcript Gamelan Music (aos2)
Gamelan AOS2 – Shared music
L.O – To understand the musical features found in
To be able to learn and use the correct musical
vocabulary in a listening test.
Complete the PLC in your brand new booklet!
Read each statement and tick either “confused
Gamelan – background and context
Important part of Indonesian culture
Celebrations, dances and puppet shows.
2 types – what are they?
Balinese and Javanese
“One Single Instrument” = all instruments are equally important
– ONE SOUND (very different to a Western orchestra)
Gamelan music is played by a percussion orchestra.
The word Gamelan means “to hammer”.
Music is not written down. Learn music through listening,
watching and copying.
Quick fire round
Where does it originate?
2 types are…
Type of orchestra?
How is music learned?
Quick fire round
Where does it originate? Indonesia
2 types are…Balinese and Javanese
Gamelan means…. “to hammer”
Type of orchestra? Percussive orchestra
How is music learned? Through watching, listening,
2 types of scales...
SLENDRO = 5 note scale (different tuning to Western
scales, but roughly the same as a pentatonic)
PELOG = 7 note scale. Again, different tuning to
Instruments and their roles
High pitch. Melody is
creates a rhythmic
cycle aka, Gongan
(around 8 bars
long). Quick notes.
Used to help mark Lower in pitch.
the time and the
beginning/end of a
Acts as supporting
Leads the other
instruments at the
start. Controls the
Reflects some of the
rhythms used in
Quick fire round – write out the
sentence and fill in the missing
Tonality – 2 types of scales and number of notes…
The _______________ play the melody and is _______
in pitch, playing quick notes. The melody is repeated
and creates a rhythmic cycle known as a
The _________ mark the beginning and end of a
__________ and acts as supporting ____________.
They are usually ________ in pitch and play longer
The drum which is known as a __________ maintains
a steady tempo and starts the entire piece.
Quick fire round - ANSWERS
Tonality – 2 types of scales and number of
notes…SLENDRO – 5 notes PELOG – 7 notes
The _Metallophones_ play the melody and is high in
pitch, playing quick notes. The melody is repeated
and creates a rhythmic cycle known as a gongan.
The gongs mark the beginning and end of a gongan
and acts as supporting harmony. They are usually low
in pitch and play longer notes.
The drum which is known as a kendang maintains a
steady tempo and starts the entire piece.
When all the instruments play together in Gamelan
music, it creates a heterophonic texture .
Commonly found in Far East music.
Interlocking layers = ONE SOUND
A single melody line played by 2 or more musicians,
with each performer varying the melody slightly (e.g.