The Geography of Ancient Mesopotamia
Transcript The Geography of Ancient Mesopotamia
The Geography of
Chapter 3: Lesson 1
The Land Between Two Rivers
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers;
Start in the mountains of Turkey and
Flow through what is now Iraq, southeast
to the Persian Gulf
Small, scrubby plants
the land between the rivers.
of the Rivers (HEI)
Traveling by boat was easier than by land.
Currents (flow of river) helped move boats
Few roads existed
rains and melting snow cause
rivers to swell. Currents pick up soil
flatlands that border the banks
of a river where rivers flood.
soil left behind by flooding rivers.
Silt was fertile, good soil for growing crops.
Melting snows and rains form
streams and small rivers that
erode the soils and carry it down
The Flood Plain
When the excess water from the
rains and melting snows reach the
flat plains, the rivers flood their banks
leaving behind the fertile soil known
Streams combine to form
larger streams and rivers as
they flow towards the sea
Rivers flow toward the sea or the
mouth of the river.
Controlling Water by Irrigation
need right amount of water to thrive.
Floods in Mesopotamia usually meant
farmers had too much or too little water.
Floods and Droughts
floods were very unpredictable.
Farmers could not predict when to plant
Drought- Period when not enough rain and
Drought is a constant danger in semi-arid
climates, like Mesopotamia.
6000 B.C., farmers built canals to
carry water from rivers to the fields.
This type of system is called irrigation.
Irrigation helps keep crops watered and
had no forests to provide
The region also lacked stone and minerals;
Mesopotamians had few building
Mud Houses and Walls
Mesopotamians had few building materials.
Most homes were built from brick and plaster;
made from mud.
Mud huts needed to be repaired often and
Mesopotamia did not have mountain regions,
easily invaded, goods often stolen.
Built mud walls around their villages.
some stone and wood outside of
Traded for these things because of surplus
Surplus- having more of a resource than is
These systems eventually led to the
creation of a society; people working
together at the right times.