Chapter 9 - Binomial Distribution

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Transcript Chapter 9 - Binomial Distribution

Chapter 9
Binomial Distribution
James A. Van Slyke
Azusa Pacific University
Binomial Distribution
5 Conditions that need to be met:
 1.
There is a series of N trials
 2. For each trial there are only two possible
 3. For each trial, the two outcomes are
mutually exclusive
Binomial Distribution
5 Conditions that need to be met:
 4.
Independence between the outcomes of
each trial
 5. The probability for each outcome, stays the
same from trial to trial
Informs us of the probability of getting an
outcome based on N
Example: Flipping a Coin
Each flip is a particular trial
 Only 2 possible outcomes
 Mutually exclusive – only a head or tail
can occur
 Independent – outcome of one flip doesn’t
affect any other flips
Example: Flipping a Coin
number of outcomes classifiable as heads
p(head) = p(H) =
Total number of outcomes
= 0.5000
Number of outcomes classifiable as tails
p(tail) = p(T) =
Total Number of outcomes
=  0.5000
Binomial Expansion
Equation for basic aspects of probability
Each letter represents an event
Each exponent tells the number of that kind of
 P  Q
P = probability of first possible outcome
Q = probability of second possible outcome
N = number of trials
Binomial Distribution
The distribution may be given for any N, P
and Q
 The distribution is symmetrical
 As N increases, the distribution
approximates a normal curve
Binomial Table
Table shows the results for the binomial
 Solved
for various values of N, P, and Q
 Solved for various numbers of P or Q events
 The table can be used with P or Q
2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 16