«From the History of the Olympic Games» Done by pupils of the 7th

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Transcript «From the History of the Olympic Games» Done by pupils of the 7th

«From the History of the Olympic
Games»
Done by pupils of the 7th form:Kate
Sychenko and Nastya Petrova
Teacher: V.P.Nesterenko
School №14 Pyatigorsk
2013
Olympic Games
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The Olympic Games
began in 776 B.G. In
Olympia,Greece.They
were for men only.At that
participants took part in :
1. Racing 183 and 4500
metres
2. Discus-throwing
3. Javelin-throwing
4. Fist fighting
5. Long jump
6. Wrestling
7. Horse racing
8. Chariot racing
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The rules were very
strict.Those that did
not obey them were
physically
punished.Later
when the Greeks
lost their authority
and became
dependent on
Rome the games
almost stopped
existing.
In 394 A.D. The Roman emperor Theodosius
prohibited them entirely.We know that about 300
games were held till that time.
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Many attempts
were made to
restore the old
tradition but
they all failed.
A French teacher
named Per De
Kuberten led a
campaign for the
organisation of an
international
committee and
restoration of the
games.
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He quoted:"There is
no star nobler than
the sun,there are no
games nobler than
the Olympic." His
efforts were not in
vain.
In 1894-1500 years
after the last Greek
Olympic Games-the first
International Olympic
Games were organised
in Olympia,Greece.In
1894 the first Ional
Olympic Committee was
organised by 12
countries including
Russia.
The first nominated
General Secretary was
Per De Kuberten.
Now 48 countries are
members of the
International Olympic
Cjmmittee which is
led by Brundege
(USA). Per De
Kuberten died in 1936
and was buried
according to his wish
in ancient Olympia.
Now the
programme of the
Oiympic Games is
quite different, but
the aim is the
same. As
Brunbege said
«Sport plays a
main role in
intimating
friendship.»
Ever since
the 1936
Games the
opening
ceremony is
celebrated
dy lighting a
flame called
the«Оlympic
flame».
This flame is brought
from Olympia.It is
relayed by planes,cars,
ships,motorcycles,runners,
etc,until on the
opening day it reaches
the place where the
games are being held
and ignites the place
where the games are
being heid and ignites
the awaiting torch.
Vmany speeches
are held,a pledge
is given by all
participants and
referees,to be
loyal, sacred to
the rules, friendly
to all
sportsmen,and
true to their
countries.
The first step toward solving this
problem was the organising of
England's Football Association in 1863.
The winners are honoured a bit
different than were the ancient
ones for whom the wall of their city
was broken in to iet them enter.
The motto
was: With
such
defenders
we need no
wall!Now the
winners get
gold, silver
or bronze
medals.
It was absoluteiy just to organise a
«White Olympiad»too, because if the
ancient Greeks had no need for
it,nowadays winter sports occupy as
strong a position as do summer sports.
In 1924 the first Winter Olympic Games were held in
France. Since then they have been regularly enlarging
and the entry list swelling.