WEB DESIGINING

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Transcript WEB DESIGINING

Developing an E-Journal
Dr.S.Rajasekar
Professor
Department of Education
Annamalai University
Email: [email protected]
website: www.sekars.net
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MAIN CONCEPTS
• COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS
• INTERNET FUNDAMENTALS
• WEB FUNDAMENTALS
• WEB DESIGNING
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I. Some of the fundamentals of Microsoft Windows
1. Desk top
2. A Folder
3. A File
4. Creating a File using MS-Word
5. Editing a File
6. Saving a File
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Creating a document file
• Using MS word
• Editing a file
• Saving a file
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II. About INTERNET-Some fundamentals
• Browsing
• Browser
• Web pages and web sites
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III. Web Designing – Theoretical Aspects.
• Understanding the World wide Web - WWW
• Internet protocols
• Hypertext: the motion of the Web
• Pages on the Web
• Access to Web Pages
• Retrieving documents on the web
• The URL
• Anatomy of a URL
• How to access the world wide web?
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Understanding the World Wide Web WWW
• WWW is a system of Internet servers that supports hypertext to
access several Internet protocols on a single interface.
• Developed in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee of the European Particle
Physics Lab in Switzerland.
•The initial purpose of the Web was to use networked hypertext to
facilitate communication among its members, who were located in
several countries.
•The use of the Web has now reached global proportions.
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Internet protocols
• Sets of rules that allow for inter machine communication on the
Internet. The following major protocols are accessible on the Web:
E-mail (Simple Mail Transport Protocol or SMTP)
– Distributes electronic messages and files to one
or more electronic mailboxes
Telnet (Telnet Protocol)
– Facilitates login to a computer host to execute
commands
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Internet protocols contd..
• FTP (File Transfer Protocol). Transfers text or binary files
between an FTP server and client
• Usenet (Network News Transfer Protocol or NNTP)
• Distributes Usenet news articles derived from topical
discussions on newsgroups
• HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) This is the protocol
of the WWW.
• Transmits hyper text over networks.
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HYPERTEXT: THE MOTION OF THE WEB
• The operation of the Web relies primarily on hypertext
as its means of information retrieval.
• Hyper Text is a document containing words that
connect to other documents.
• These words are called links and are selectable by the
user.
• A single hypertext document can contain links to many
documents.
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HYPER TEXT: contd…
• Overall, the WWW contains a complex virtual web of
connections among a vast number of documents,
graphics, videos, and sounds.
• Producing hypertext for the Web is accomplished by
creating documents with a language called Hyper Text
Markup Language, or HTML.
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PAGES ON THE WEB
• The World Wide Web consists of files, called pages or Web
pages, containing information and links to resources
throughout the Internet.
• The web pages can be created either by using HTML tags
or by using some ready made software.
• One can create web pages very easily by using MS word.
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Access to Web pages
Access to Web pages may be accomplished by:
• Entering an Internet address and retrieving a page directly
• Browsing through pages and selecting links to move from
one page to another
• Searching through subject directories linked to organized
collections of Web pages
• Entering a search statement at a search engine to retrieve
pages on the topic of your choice
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RETRIEVING DOCUMENTS ON THE WEB:
URL
URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator.
• The URL specifies the Internet address of a file stored on a host
computer connected to the Internet.
• Every file on the Internet, no matter what its access protocol,
has a unique URL.
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THE URL Contd..
• Web software programs use the URL to retrieve
the file from the host computer and the directory in
which it resides. This file is then displayed on the
monitor connected to the user's local machine.
• URLs are translated into numeric addresses using
the Internet Domain Name System (DNS).
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THE URL Contd..
• The numeric address is actually the "real" URL.
Since numeric strings are difficult for humans to
use, alphanumeric addresses are employed by
end users.
• Once the translation is made, the Web server can
send the requested page to the user's Web
browser.
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Anatomy of a URL
protocol://host/path/filename
http://www.house.gov/agriculture/schedule.htm
Structure of this URL:
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Protocol: http
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Host computer name: www
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Second-level domain name: house
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Top-level domain name: gov
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Directory name: agrictulture
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File name: schedule.htm
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Several top-level domains (TLDs) common in the
United States:
• com - commercial enterprise
• edu - educational institution
• gov - U.S. government entity
• mil - U.S. military entity
• net - Network access provider
• org - Usually nonprofit organizations
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HOW TO ACCESS THE WORLD WIDE WEB?
• To access the World Wide Web, you must use a Web
browser.
• A browser is a software program that allows users to access
and navigate the World Wide Web.
• There are two types of browsers:
Graphical
Text
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Web Designing Contd...
• Introduction
• The process
• Text documents
• Stored on a web hosting computer
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Web Designing
INTRODUCTION
A web page is a text document stored on a webhosting computer, delivered by a web server, and
viewable by a web browser.
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Web Designing
THE PROCESS
• Create first web page using a template – driven page
builder
• Learn to write some simple HTMLcommands.
• Learn to link images to your text and link to other websites.
• Obtain web space to store your pages.
• Publish or upload the pages to the Web
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Web Designing-key points
• Using frames
• Under construction signs
• Misusing graphics
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Web Designing-key points
 Ransom notes fonts
 Complex backgrounds
 Too many animations
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Web Designing-key points
 Orphan pages
 No organization
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Web Designing-key points
No unique content
Too many ideas
No authoritativeness
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Web Designing-key points
 Out dated links for information
 Negative declarations
 Link problems
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IV. Creating Web Pages using MS (word)
• Starting with Web pages
• Links
• Background
• Verification of Web pages using browser
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V. Important terms used in Web Page Making
• Index files – index. Html
• Web files
• Home files – home. Htm
• Toc frame – toc. Htm
• Hyperlinks
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Important terms used in Web Page Making
Index files – Index. Html
It is nothing but a file which links all the files
Home files – Home. Htm
It is linked with the index file directly
TOC Frame – TOC. Htm
It is nothing but the table of content which will remain
unalter throughtout the web page
Hyperlinks
Only through this all the files are linked together.
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VII. E-journals - sample
• www.aiaer.net/ejournal
• www.ijter.com
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VIII. Hosting Web pages
• Signup and Register domain Name
• Password
• File Manager(FTP) – Filezilla software
• Uploading files
• Downloading files
• Deleting files
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IX How to register the journal?
- to get ISSN
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IX How to register the journal?
- to get ISSN
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IX How to register the journal?
- to get ISSN
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IX How to register the journal?
- to get ISSN
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IX How to register the journal?
- to get ISSN
• In order to obtain an International Standard Serial Number
(ISSN) for your serial please take the print out of submitted
online application form and send it to:
• The Head
National Science Library
Indian National Center for ISSN
c/o NISCAIR, 14 Satsang Vihar Marg
New Delhi - 110067
• For Further Information:
• Tel: 011-26863759
Email: [email protected]
Website: http://nsl.niscair.res.in/issn.jsp
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Questions ?
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