Chemical and Biological Weapons
Transcript Chemical and Biological Weapons
Kristen Sposetta, Aaron Mohr, Destanee Goosby, Taylor Host
Chemical Weapons (also called “the poor man’s atomic
bomb”) - chemical substances that can be delivered
using munitions and dispersal devices to cause death or
severe harm to people, animals, and plants
Biological Weapons (also called “germ weapon”) - a
weapon of mass destruction that uses a biological agent
or pathogen such as bacteria or a virus that is harmful
to people and plants
The use of biological weapons against an enemy for
hostile purposes or during armed conflict is called
Easy to produce and quantify
Cheaper than nuclear weapons and overall
Easy to conceal
Conventional weapons (bombs, grenades, etc.)
explode once, kill a few hundred people, mutilate
thousands of others. Biological agents, on the
other hand, can spread from person to person,
killing more of the enemy
Chemical weapons can give an army a tactical,
Backfire, since containment is difficult once a
contagious disease has begun spreading
Difficult to deliver to the enemy
Does not immediately incapacitate an enemy,
other weaponry is more effective
Unpredictable, you may infect your own troops
Lasts for a long time, for example, anthrax can live
in soil for up to 50 years
EXAMPLES OF BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS
Bacteria- such as anthrax, brucellosis,
tularemia, and plague
Viruses- intracellular parasites, smallpox, and
Fungi- pathogens that can be weaponized for
use against crops to cause disease
Toxins- poisons that are weaponized after
extraction from snakes, insects, spiders,
marine organisms and other animals
EXAMPLES OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS
Mustard gas, Sarin, Chlorine, hydrogen cyanide,
tear gas, poisoned arrows, boiling tar, and
Substances such as inflammatory or
combustible mixtures, smokes, or gases that
can irritate, burn, incapacitate, and poison
The first chemical weapon used effectively in
battle was chlorine gas, which burns and
destroys lung tissue
Chemical Weapon Examples
"Brief History of Chemical Weapons Use." Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 1927. <http://www.opcw.org/about-chemical-weapons/history-of-cw-use/>.
"chemical weapon." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"biological weapon." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 27 Oct.
"Advantages of using biological weapons." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"PressTV - KSA behind Syria chemical attack: Russian source." PressTV - KSA behind Syria chemical
attack: Russian source. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"Syria chemical attack: What we know." BBC News. BBC, 24 Sept. 2013. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"Kirsch Foundation Nuclear Disarmament." Kirsch Foundation Nuclear Disarmament. N.p., n.d. Web.
27 Oct. 2013. <http://www.kirschfoundation.org/care/chemical.html>.
"Why are we so afraid of chemical weapons?." New Internationalist All posts RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 27
Oct. 2013. <http://newint.org/features/web-exclusive/2013/06/19/syria-chemical-weaponsexistential-threat/>.
“organisation for the prohibition of chemical weapons.” OPCW. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2013.