Introduction to Information Literacy

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Transcript Introduction to Information Literacy

Identify
Search
Evaluate
Use
M05:
Communication and
Presentation
of Information
See also:
Chapter 8, Riedling.
Present
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Outline

Presenting
 Different
types of communication media
Written reports
 Oral presentation
 Web presentation

 Contents
of a presentation
 Common formatting styles
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Review: The Steps in an Information
Research Process

Identify


Search
To evaluate the information obtained.
Evaluate
Use


To develop a search strategy and to search the
information you need.
Evaluate


Identify
Search


To identify the problem and the information needs.
To extract, summarize and analyze the information
to solve the problem.
Use
Present

To write a paper, give a presentation and cite
the information sources.
Introduction to Information Literacy
Present
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Selection of the Communication
Medium

Questions to be asked:
 What
are the purpose of your presentation?
 Who are your target audiences?
layman or experts?
 number of audience?

 Are
you able to meet all of these needs?
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Communication media

Written reports

Advantages:




Easy to prepare by MS Word
Convenient to reader
Useful for future reference
Disadvantages:



Potentially expensive
Not interactive
Difficult to distribute updated version
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Communication media

Oral presentation
 Advantages:
More direct, concise and effective
 Interactive, such as questions and answers

 Disadvantages:


Difficult for all potential audiences to attend the
presentation
May need special tools such as PCs with MS
PowerPoint installed and projectors etc.
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Communication media

Web presentation
 Advantages:
Any time, any place access, provided there is
internet connection
 Easy to update
 Disadvantages:
 For those who have not mastered the technologies,
longer development time is needed
 Web access and reliable web server are required
 Web page development skills and tools are
required

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Contents of Presentation

Introduction
 Why
do you think your work is important?
Why do you choose this topic?
 What is the scope of your project?
 What are the objectives of your work?
 How do you measure your work?
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Contents of Presentation

Main Body
 Details
of your approach
 Details of relevant information collected, any
survey or experiments conducted, and their
results
 Discussion of information collected, the
survey’s or experiments’ results
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Contents of Presentation

Related Works
 Related
works by others
 Related works by you
 Compare your work with those of others
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Contents of Presentation

Conclusion
 Summary
of your findings
 Have you achieved your objectives?
 Are there any future plans for further research?
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Contents of Presentation

Reference
 List
of papers, books and other sources of
information
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Integration of New and Prior
Information


If someone uses other person’s works as his/her
own, it is called “plagiarism”.
When you have included “works” like spoken or
written materials, art work, lab or survey results
and etc that were published in books,
newspapers, magazines, journals or Web in your
own works, you have to clearly acknowledge the
source of that information.
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Formats of Written Report
Modern Language Association (MLA) Style
 American Psychological Association (APA)
Style
 Chicago Style
 Harvard Style

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Page format of MLA style





Paper size: 8.5 X 11 inches
Spacing: Double-space
Margins: 1 inch on all sides (i.e. left, right, top
and bottom)
Header: page number of all pages should be in
the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from
the top and align to the right margin.
Emphasis: Use either underlining or italics for
emphasis.
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In-Text Citation of MLA style
e.g. Socket connection is more reliable than
datagram (Smith 125).
e.g. Smith stated that socket connection was
more reliable than datagram (125).
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In-Text Citation of MLA style

Exceptional Cases of In-text Citation
 No

Use title of work or shorten form of the title
 No

author name
page number
Omit it
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Reference list of MLA style
Book
 Article in Journal
 Article in Magazine/Newspaper
 Web Page

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Reference list of MLA style - Book

Author(s). Title of Book. Place of
Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.
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Reference list of MLA style - Book

With one author
Chan, Henry. Bluetooth. Hong Kong: Able, 1999.

With two authors
Wong, Jennifer, and David Chan. Bluetooth. Hong
Kong: Lingnan Publishing, 2003.
Note: First author's name is reversed as usual, and subsequent
names are given first-name first
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Reference list of MLA style - Books

With three authors
Wong, Jennifer, Susan Lee, and David Chan.
Wireless Communication. Hong Kong:
Lingnan Publishing, 2003.

With more than 3 authors
Wong, J., et al. Wireless Communication.
Hong Kong: Lingnan Publishing, 2003.
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Reference list of MLA style - Article
in Journal

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of
Journal Vol (Year): pages.
Thelwall, Mike. “Commercial Web Sites:
Lost in Cyberspace.” Internet Research 10
(2000): 150-159.
Note: Vol - volume number of the journal
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Reference list of MLA style - Article
in Journal

If page number of each issue starts from 1,
you need to provide the issue number
following the volume,
Loo, Alfred. “How to write a paper for a
Journal.”, ABC Journal 19.3 (1986): 33-49.
Note: 19 is volume number and 3 is the issue number
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Reference list of MLA style –
Article in Magazine/Newspaper

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Source
Date: pages
Moy, Patsy. “Watchdog Alarmed by Store
Giants’ Dominance.” South China Morning
Post 12 August 2003: C1.
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Reference list of MLA style - Web
Page

Author(s). “Title of Article.” Name of Web Site.
Date of Posting/Revision. Name of organization
which owns the site. Date of Access
<electronic address>.
Loo, Alfred. “Using Modern Language Association
(MLA).” Department of Information Systems.10
August 2003. Lingnan University. 12 August 2003
<http://cptra.ln.edu.hk/~alfred>.
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Samples MLA Style Articles
http://www.dianahacker.com/resdoc/huma
nities/pdf/Hacker-Daly-MLA.pdf
 http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/hacker/p
df/mla.pdf

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APA Style






Spacing: double space (except for the title page)
Margins: 1 inch on all sides (i.e. left, right, top
and bottom)
Font size: 12 pt.
Use underlines for emphasis
Page numbers begin from the title page and are
incorporated in the header on the RIGHT.
The header should be placed in the top margin.
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Sequence
 title
page (first page)
 abstract (second page)
 text (start from page 3)
 references (start a new page)
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In-Text Citation of APA style
e.g. Socket connection is more reliable than
datagram (Smith, 2003).
e.g. Smith stated that socket connection was
more reliable than datagram (2003).
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Two and Three authors
(Smith & Black, 2005)
 (Smith, Black, & White, 2006)

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Book
Beaulieu, M. (2002). Wireless Internet.
Boston: Pearson Education.
 Black, M., & Smith, B. (2006). Information
Literacy. Hong Kong: ABB Publication.

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Scholarly Journal

Smith, R. (2002). How to write a good
paper. Journal of Testing, 13(2), 45-50.
Each issue starts with page one.
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Scholarly Journal

Smith, R. (2002). How to write a good
paper. Journal of Testing, 13, 145-150.
Page number continues from one issue to
other issue in the same volume.
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Newspaper

Smith, R. (2003, May 23). Using APA style.
Hong Kong Financial Post, p. c3.
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Website

Loo, A. (2003). Using APA style. Retrieved
May 3, 2003, From http://cptra.ln.edu.hk.
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More information
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/pri
nt/research/PDFs/r_apa.pdf
 http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/Doc
APA.html

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Other Formats

APA style
 http://www.apastyle.org

Chicago style
 http://www.lib.ohio-
state.edu/guides/chicagogd.html

Harvard style
 http://www.lib.monash.edu.au/tutorials/citing/h
arvard.html
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