Let’s Build a Website
by Sybil Prince Nelson
What is HTML?
HTML is the language used to create web pages. It tells your browser (like
Internet Explorer or Firefox) what to display on a web page.
What does HTML stand for?
HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language.
HypertextText with links to other pages. Can contain images and other things.
Basically, a web page.Markup LanguageThe set of instructions that
describe how text should be displayed. For HTML, these instructions are
called tags.HTML = HyperText Markup Language = The tags that tell
your browser what to display on a web page.
How Does HTML Work?
In an HTML tutorial for beginners it's all about the tags. Browsers, like
Internet Explorer or Firefox, are used to display web pages. Tags tell your
browser what to display on a web page. This is the HTML tag:
It's the main tag. It says, "Everthing after this is a web page." There are
beginning and ending tags. They come in pairs:
Your browser understands this. Your browser doesn't display tags. It displays
only what is between the tags.
A Basic Webpage
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD
<h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is the paragraph text. This is more
paragraph text. This is more paragraph text.
Let’s get a little fancier
Most HTML elements have these four parts:
A starting tag
An ending tag
The content between the starting and ending tags
Example: "Once upon a time a girl with… etc."
Attributes (more about attributes in the next section)
Here's an example of an HTML element:
<p style="background-color:yellow">Once upon a time a girl
with beautiful long golden hair… etc.</p>
By the way… there are a few elements that only have one
tag. For example:
The <br /> element causes the browser to skip to the next
line. It's the "line break" tag. There are no contents or ending
tag for these types of elements.
Still getting fancy
A HTML element can have attributes. An attribute gives
more information about the contents of an element to the
browser. Think of an attribute as quality or characteristic
of the element. The attribute of an element is located in
the starting tag.
<p style="background-color:yellow">blah blah blah.</p>
This particular style attribute tells the browser to make the
background color of that paragraph yellow.
If you know your HTML basics it will be much easier for
you to learn what you need to know in order to build your
website. If you are going to be creating websites for a
while (there's a good chance you will be) tags, elements
and attributes are things you want to be clear on.
Let’s try it
A friendly tool.
Ways to Build a Website
There are several ways to build a
•Point and click software (fast, not
•Manually writing the HTML (important
to learn, requires time). – notepad, word,
•Using an HTML Editor (efficient once
learned, HTML knowledge helps).
•Using a template (easy, efficient, must
Some helpful html language
HTML Code: <a href= "mailto:[email protected]" >Email Example</a>
HTML Code: <img src=“picturename.gif" />
Important: Where is this picture?
Src stands for source. There are two ways to define the
source of an image. First you may use a standard URL.
(src=http://www.Tizag.com/pics/htmlT/pitcurename.gif) As your
second choice, you may copy or upload the file onto your web
server and access it locally using standard directory tree
methods. (src="../picturename.gif") The location of this picture
file is in relation to your location of your .html file.
For more info on images:
Your MUSC space
• Step 1
My computer < Map Network Drive
• Step 2
• Step 3
For user name enter clinlan\netID
Let’s Try it!
How to design your site
• Think about the function of your
• Go for simplicity as opposed to
• Avoid text fonts smaller than 11px
• Keep a consistent layout
• Every few edits, check your
Create a website that includes
A short bio
Email me a link to your website