Transcript Carbohydrates Non-Licenced
Discuss dietary basics
Identify carbohydrate containing foods
Review documentation of carbohydrates
Review signs/symptoms of hypoglycemia
Diabetes is a metabolic disease resulting in elevated
blood glucose levels caused by the body’s complete
lack of insulin production, or the cell’s resistance to the
circulating insulin. Insulin is needed to transport
glucose into the cells for energy.
Three main types of diabetes:
• Type 1- body does not produce insulin
• Type 2- body’s cells are resistance to insulin
• Gestational- high blood glucose during pregnancy
The three main nutrients= macronutrients
Why count carbs?
• 100% of carbohydrates convert to glucose
• Protein and fat have very little effect on glucose
What foods contain carbs?
• Fruits, starchy vegetables, grains, legumes, dairy,
grams is the standard unit of
measurement for carbs
What does 15 grams of carbs look like?
• 1 slice bread
• ½ cup grain, beans, or starchy vegetables
• 1/3 cup cooked rice or pasta
• 1 small piece fruit
• 4 oz. fruit juice
• 8 oz milk
• 2 small cookies
such thing as a diabetic diet
such thing as a sugar free liquid diet
limiting sugar does not improve
nurse will administer insulin based on
how many carbs the patient consumes, so
we need to be as accurate as possible : )
Carb documentation is very important!
(documentation responsibilities are unit
document as a “task” or as a “ad hoc”
you are not sure how many carbs certain food
items are worth, you can go to the Inside page,
Clinical Hotspots, then the nutritional table
for your facility
Grey Diet Kit (4g carb)
Syrup (13 g carb)
Margarine (0g carb)
Low Chol Eggs (1g carb)
Turkey Sausage (0g carb)
Pancakes (27 g carb)
Diet: Regular with Diabetic Features
Hypoglycemia is defined as a blood sugar
less than 70.
Nervousness and shakiness
Notify your nurse for any blood sugar
less than 70 or a patient with
patient should be treated and have their
blood sugar rechecked every 15 minutes
until the patients blood sugar is
greater than 70.
is a good idea to notify your nurse with all
blood sugar reading you take.
to dock/upload the meter for all
results as soon as possible.
It is the nurse’s responsibility
to determine treatment of
care of patients with diabetes is a
team effort! : )
American Diabetes Association and American College of Cardiology
(2011). Choose to live: your diabetes survival guide.
American Diabetes Association (2009). Life with Diabetes: A series of
teaching outlines by the Michigan Diabetes Research and Training
Center. 4th edition.