CHAPTER 2 Power Politics

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Transcript CHAPTER 2 Power Politics

CHAPTER 2
Power Politics
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Seventh Edition
Joshua S. Goldstein
Pearson Education, Inc. © 2006
Realism v. Idealism
 Simple assumptions can lead to different
conclusions about the international system
 Are states the most important actors?
 Is the world in a state of anarchy?
 Who writes the laws on the world stage?
Pearson Education, Inc. © 2006
Assumptions of Realism and Idealism
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Power
 Defining power
 Estimating power
 Elements of power
 Military preparedness
 Natural resources
 Industrial capacity
 Moral legitimacy
 Popular support of government
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Bargaining
 Negotiation
 Achieving goals
 Reciprocity
 Deterrence
 Rational actors
 Cost-benefit analysis
 Game theory
 Zero-sum games
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Payoff Matrix in India-Pakistan PD Game
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The International System
 Anarchy
 Sovereignty
 Balance of power
 Great powers
 Multipolar system
 Bipolar system
 Hegemony
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Great-Power Shares of World GDP, 2003
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Alliances
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Purposes of alliances
Burden sharing
NATO
Warsaw Pact
U.S.-Japanese security treaty
The Nonaligned Movement
Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO)
Russia and its neighbors
Pearson Education, Inc. © 2006