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Introduction to Information and
Communication Technologies
Lesson 7. What are the trends and
issues in ICT development and
applications?
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
1
Scope
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What are the legal and regulatory issues that
affect ICT applications?
What are the ethical and moral concerns in using
ICT?
What political, social, and economic factors should
be considered in using ICT?
What are the main security issues concerning
computer use/Internet access?
What technological concerns that must be
addressed in using ICT in libraries?
What are the main policy issues relating to ICT
and which developments in ICT might affect library
service?
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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Learning outcomes
By the end of this lesson, you should be able to:
 Identify the trends and issues in ICT
developments and applications.
 Be aware of the legal, ethical, moral, social,
economic, and technological concerns relating
to computer use/Internet access.
 Define various policy issues related to ICT in
libraries
 Recognize developments in ICT that will affect
library service
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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Trends
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Globalization - available around the globe
Universalization - expanding applications
Familiarization - especially of the young
Popularization - discussed by everyone,
everywhere
Enhanced capabilities
Reduced real costs
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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Issues
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Legal and regulatory
Moral and ethical
Political
Social
Economic
Technological
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Legal and Regulatory
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Intellectual property rights
Information access and
dissemination
Information privacy
Censorship
Reading e-mail
Sending e-mail
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
6
Moral and Ethical
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Pornography
Censorship
Copyright infringement
Plagiarism
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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Political
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National sovereignty
Governmental control of
information
Trans-border data flow
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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Social
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ICT literacy
Impact on communication and
social interaction
Impact on reading
Information rich and
information poor
Cultural impact
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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Economic
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Charging for information
Private versus public sector in
information systems and
services
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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Language and Script
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Language distribution and
language dominance
Script multiplicity
Cultural issues in design
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UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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Security
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Computer crimes and hackers
Security--a system of safeguards
against deliberate or accidental damage
to the system or data
Confidentiality
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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ICT and Libraries
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Print versus electronic information
Organizational issues
Staff and training issues
Library automation
Retrospective conversion
Digitization, archival and preservation
Virtual libraries
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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ICTLIP Module 1 :
Learning Outcomes
1. Describe how computers process information
2. Use a personal computer system for various tasks
in libraries
3. Define how networks (LAN, WAN, intranet,
Internet) operate
4. Recognize the significance of computers and
networks in the creation, collection, consolidation
and communication of information
5. Be aware of trends and ethical, legal and
technological issues concerning the use of ICT in
libraries and information centers
UNESCO ICTLIP Module 1. Lesson 7
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