University of Akron
2016 Black Male Summit
“Value and Ethics”
Douglas Hubert, Ed.D
Values and Ethics
What do you believe in?
Who do you care about?
What motivates you?
Are you a spiritual person?
Why are you really in college?
How do you tell the difference
between right & wrong?
Let’s take a
What are values?
They are the ideas and beliefs about life
that guide us to do what we do and be
what we are…
They can be about:
Being of service
And so on…
Different kinds of Values
– Values you hold for yourself but
don’t force on others such as right
vs. wrong, honesty vs. dishonesty,
being of service to others
– Personal standards of beauty as seen
in nature, art, music, personal
– Benchmarks you set for yourself
such as accuracy, speed, reward for
achievement, self-discipline and
Means & Ends Values
Instrumental Values (the means):
– Objectives used to reach goals such as being
responsible, obedient, loving, ambitious,
Intrinsic Values (the end):
– Personal happiness, a comfortable life,
personal freedom, true friendship, a
Having freedom and
Having good friends
Having a positive
Having self-respect & the
respect of others
Being financially secure
Making a meaningful
contribution to mankind
Being a moral person
Being a great athlete
Being physically attractive
Being personally responsible
Getting along well with
people in general
Being well educated
Having peace of mind
Being a good citizen
Having strong family ties
Being honest & having
Being dedicated and
Values for College Success
Connecting your personal values to being successful in
– Clarify your values to be sure you really understand
them• As strange as it may seem, many people operate on
values without thinking them through.
• Truly understanding your values is key to applying
them successfully in college, in a career, or in life.
– Make a forthright self-evaluation• Are your values workable in college?
• Do you need to change or re-figure them?
– If necessary, change your values to make them more
productive and effective…
Forging Academic Values:
College takes much more time and work than
You also have much more freedom which
requires much more personal responsibility.
Avoid being unnecessarily frivolous, make
yourself stay “on-task”!
And, unless you honestly have no choice,
DON’T SKIP CLASS!
Forging Academic Values:
Participate Honorably #1
Let’s be frank: If you cheat or plagiarize, you are side-stepping
the real reason you came to college: to get an education.
Academic dishonesty myths:
– The risk of getting caught is small.
• It only takes getting caught once and you could be out.
– There is no other way to be “successful.”
• No? Then dishonesty should be the hallmark of all
– It doesn’t matter in the long run.
• Not if you don’t have a conscience.
– The penalty for getting caught won’t be severe.
• Is this something you want to find out the hard way?
Forging Academic Values:
Participate Honorably #2
If, on the other hand, you honestly give it your “best
– Practicing academic integrity builds moral character.
• There’s nothing like having your conscience tell
you did it right!
– Choosing moral actions builds others’ trust in you.
• Having people believe in you is a major plus.
– Making bogus grades masks real feedback about
• How will you ever know what you are really
– Improving integrity in the classroom can rebuild
• The college classroom is an excellent place to begin
stemming the tide of corporate greed and
The Eleventh Commandment
Thou shalt not get
Challenges to your Values
At college, you are going to meet new people whose
values may be quite different, if not totally opposite, to
– You may be politically liberal and find yourself
befriending a staunch conservative.
Are you going to pass judgment and walk away?
Or are you going to be tolerant and try to see the person
in a new way?
Tolerance is a very positive trait, but even it can be
carried too far.
If you see your new friend show a really self-destructive
tendency, like excessive drinking, it is probably best not
to aid and abet them in their weakness, but rather to tell
them what you really think.
Your challenge is to balance your personal welfare, your
tolerance for diversity and your freedom of choice.
Values in Conflict: Dualisms
Values of a society are often in conflict:
– Poverty vs. “Rugged Individualism”
– The Death Penalty vs. Deterrence of Major Crimes
– And so on…
An individual’s values can also be in conflict, often
personal values reflect the two-sided nature of our
culture’s unresolved contradictory values.
Who is right? Who is wrong? – These are a matter of
individual choice, based on both conscience and careful
Think on this duality:
– Earning excellent grades in college is critical to
success in life.
– The most important decision you make in college is
about the kind of person you want to be.
“Grades?” Or “Who do you want to be?” How do you
resolve this enigma?
Changing Society, Changing Values
American values are changing, caused by:
– Demographic changes caused by much immigration from other
– Globalization of the world economy
– Growing environmental concerns
– Political polarization
– Breakup of the family
– Computer technology and the Internet
– The Feminist movement
– Federal intervention in state’s rights
– And on and on…
All of these, and many more, will greatly affect the values of the
Service Learning and Values
Service Learning is a teaching method that
combines meaningful service to the
community with curriculum-based learning.
– Serving: To be effective, it should serve a genuine
community need, seen by a student-led
assessment and it should serve a real need.
– Linking: The program needs to have a strong link
between the community need and classroom
– Learning: Reflection is a key element in service
learning. The instructor sets time and methods
for students to reflect on and analyze their
– It includes the best of both worlds into one:
community service and internships into one
Think about your legacy…
In order to aid you to understand if you are truly
living up to your values, Stephen Covey, author of
the bestseller The 7 Habits of Highly Successful
People, suggests you ask yourself this question:
– Imagine that you are attending your own funeral,
looking down at yourself in the casket.
– After you sit down, four people:
A family member
Someone from your church or community organization
give a eulogy for you.
– What would you want them to say about you?
Value Assessment Web Resources
College Success Factors Index
Steps to Successful Career Planning
Journal of College and Character
Rutgers Value Assessment
Ohio Learning Network: Values Assessment
Values & Ethics
In the preceding presentation about values, the
words morals and morality came up regularly.
Is there a connection between morality and
Generally, the words are used interchangeably.
There is, however, a difference:
– Morality is usually more theoretical; it is a
– Ethics are the practical application of morality in daily
The difference is that of theory and practice.
If a person has a moral character, he or she will
generally deal with other people in an ethical
A 28 Day Project
In order to determine what you believe is the most
important personal value of all, here is a method
originally developed by the ancient Greeks for
determining something really important.
At the same time every day (for instance, upon rising in
the morning or at bedtime) for 28 days, keep a journal
and write down: “The personal value I consider most
important is ______” Try to keep it to as few items as
possible. One thing is best, but if you have several items,
write them down. Limit yourself to no more than three.
At about the 25th or 26th day of the procedure, one
particular value should emerge as the predominant one.
Enjoy, learn and grow!