Bell- ringers KOSSA Sample Questions

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Transcript Bell- ringers KOSSA Sample Questions

KOSSA Sample Questions
Bell Ringers
Bell- ringer Expectations
• You will keep a full weeks worth of bell- ringers
before turning them in
• If you are absent, you are responsible for getting
the questions from your classmates
– This DOES NOT mean waiting until Friday, and then
copying the whole week from a classmate
• You must write the question and answer for full
credit
• Write the date each day followed by the question
and answer
Example
Your name
1-1-11
1. What is…?
a.Answer:
2. What is…?
a.Answer:
1-2-11
1. What is…?
a.Answer:
2. What is…?
a.Answer:
Date
1. The 3 major plant cell parts are:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Cell wall, chloroplast, goigi
Cell wall, goigi, nucleus
Cell wall, cytoplasm, nucleus
Cell wall, nucleus, vacuole
2. What are the major vegetative parts of the
plant?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Leaf, flower, seed
Leaf, root, stem
Root, seed, bud
Stem, flower, node
Answers
1. The 3 major plant cell parts are:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Cell wall, chloroplast, goigi
Cell wall, goigi, nucleus
Cell wall, cytoplasm, nucleus
Cell wall, nucleus, vacuole
2. What are the major vegetative parts of the
plant?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Leaf, flower, seed
Leaf, root, stem
Root, seed, bud
Stem, flower, node
Date
1. What are the major reproductive parts of the
plant?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Leaf root, stem
Leaf, flower, seed
Leaf, fruit, stem
Flower, fruit, seed
2. What are the four essential plant parts?
a.
b.
c.
d.
leaf, flower, stem, root
Leaf, root, seed, flower
Flower, seed, petal, root
Stem, flower, root, seed
Answers
1. What are the major reproductive parts of the
plant?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Leaf root, stem
Leaf, flower, seed
Leaf, fruit, stem
Flower, fruit, seed
2. What are the four essential plant parts?
a.
b.
c.
d.
leaf, flower, stem, root
Leaf, root, seed, flower
Flower, seed, petal, root
Stem, flower, root, seed
Date
1. The four main parts of the flower:
a.
b.
c.
d.
stamen, style, ovary, pistil
Petal, pistil, stamen, sepal
Anther, petal, sepal, receptacle
Anther, petal, stamen, receptacle
2. Plant production from a cutting is a type of
___________________ propagation.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Asexual
Bisexual
Sexual
Unsexual
Answers
1. The four main parts of the flower:
a.
b.
c.
d.
stamen, style, ovary, pistil
Petal, pistil, stamen, sepal
Anther, petal, sepal, receptacle
Anther, petal, stamen, receptacle
2. Plant production from a cutting is a type of
___________________ propagation.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Asexual
Bisexual
Sexual
Unsexual
Date
1. A monocotyledon is defined as:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Embryo with no cotyledon
Embryo with single cotyledon
Embryo with two cotyledons
Embryo with three cotyledons
2. Cotyledons are defined as:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Vascular bundle
Seedlings
Embryo
Seed leaves
Answers
1. A monocotyledon is defined as:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Embryo with no cotyledon
Embryo with single cotyledon
Embryo with two cotyledons
Embryo with three cotyledons
2. Cotyledons are defined as:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Vascular bundle
Seedlings
Embryo
Seed leaves
Date
1. The required conditions for germination include:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Moisture, soil, temperature
Soil, air temperature
Moisture, air, optimal temperatures
Light, soil, temperature
2. The most favorable temperature for seed
germination is:
a.
b.
c.
d.
65- 80
32- 105
32- 65
80- 105
Answers
1. The required conditions for germination include:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Moisture, soil, temperature
Soil, air temperature
Moisture, air, optimal temperatures
Light, soil, temperature
2. The most favorable temperature for seed
germination is:
a.
b.
c.
d.
65- 80
32- 105
32- 65
80- 105
Date
1. Vigor is:
a. The ability of seeds to germinate under different
conditions
b. The ability of the seed to work hard
c. The ability of the seed to grow
d. The ability of the seed to grow fast
2. A monocot plant example is:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Bean
Carrot
Oats
Turnip
Answers
1. Vigor is:
a. The ability of seeds to germinate under different
conditions
b. The ability of the seed to work hard
c. The ability of the seed to grow
d. The ability of the seed to grow fast
2. A monocot plant example is:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Bean
Carrot
Oats
Turnip
Date
1. Dicots have:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fibrous roots
Tap roots
Non- fibrous roots
Adventurous roots
2. Which of the following is not a specialized stem:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Tuber
Buld
Tendril
Root
Answers
1. Dicots have:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fibrous roots
Tap roots
Non- fibrous roots
Adventurous roots
2. Which of the following is not a specialized stem:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Tuber
Buld
Tendril
Root
Date
1. An evergreen is an example of an:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Annual
Biannual
Perennial
Winter annual
2. Trees and shrubs that drop all of their leaves in the fall:
a. annual
b. biannual
c. deciduous
d. evergreen
Answers
An evergreen is an example of an:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Annual
Biannual
Perennial
Winter annual
2. Trees and shrubs that drop all of their leaves in the fall:
a. annual
b. biannual
c. deciduous
d. evergreen
Date
1. Parent material of the glacial origin that was deposited by
wind:
a. alluvium
b. loess
c. glacial till
d. topography
2. Many soils have been formed from material originally
moved by:
a. glaciers
b. wind
c. water
d. human
Answers
1. Parent material of the glacial origin that was deposited by
wind:
a. alluvium
b. loess
c. glacial till
d. topography
2. Many soils have been formed from material originally
moved by:
a. glaciers
b. wind
c. water
d. human
Date
1. As materials such as organic matter and minerals are
altered in the soil, this process is called:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Translocation
Transpiration
Transformation
Relocation
2. Most productive soils range from:
a.
b.
c.
d.
1- 4 pH
4- 9 pH
7- 9 pH
9- 14 pH
Answers
1. As materials such as organic matter and minerals are
altered in the soil, this process is called:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Translocation
Transpiration
Transformation
Relocation
2. Most productive soils range from:
a.
b.
c.
d.
1- 4 pH
4- 9 pH
7- 9 pH
9- 14 pH
Date
1. Which of the following is known as the most highly
visible erosion?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Gully erosion
Rill erosion
Sheet erosion
Steep erosion
2. Which practice will reduce and prevent soil erosion on
property?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Mechanical tillage
Crop rotation
Monocropping
Traditional tillage
Answers
1. Which of the following is known as the most highly
visible erosion?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Gully erosion
Rill erosion
Sheet erosion
Steep erosion
2. Which practice will reduce and prevent soil erosion on
property?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Mechanical tillage
Crop rotation
Monocropping
Traditional tillage
Date
1. Three functions of a growing medium:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Provide fertilizer, moisture, oxygen
Provide seed cover, support, light
Provide nutrients, support, oxygen
Provide seed cover, nutrients, moisture
2. Common components is a soilless mix are:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Peat moss, perlite, vermiculite
Sand, silt, clay
Sand, peat moss, bark
Perlite, vermiculite, miracle grow
Answers
1. Three functions of a growing medium:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Provide fertilizer, moisture, oxygen
Provide seed cover, support, light
Provide nutrients, support, oxygen
Provide seed cover, nutrients, moisture
2. Common components is a soilless mix are:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Peat moss, perlite, vermiculite
Sand, silt, clay
Sand, peat moss, bark
Perlite, vermiculite, miracle grow
Date
1. A soil that contains equal amounts of sand, silt,
and clay is called a:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Even mix
Sandy silt
Uniform mix
Loam
2. Soil is classified by the amount of:
a.
b.
c.
d.
sand, silt, clay and loam it contains
Where it is found in the soil profile
Silt, clay, gravel
Sand, silt, clay it contains
Answers
1. A soil that contains equal amounts of sand, silt,
and clay is called a:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Even mix
Sandy silt
Uniform mix
Loam
2. Soil is classified by the amount of:
a.
b.
c.
d.
sand, silt, clay and loam it contains
Where it is found in the soil profile
Silt, clay, gravel
Sand, silt, clay it contains
Date
1. A document that guides the operation of a
business:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Business plan
Marketing plan
Mission statement
Planning statement
2. Fertilizer containing 15- 10- 26 contains:
a.
b.
c.
d.
15% nitrogen, 10% phosphate, 26% potash
15% phosphate, 10% nitrogen, 26% potash
15% potash, 10% phosphate, and 26% nitrogen
None of the above
Answers
1. A document that guides the operation of a
business:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Business plan
Marketing plan
Mission statement
Planning statement
2. Fertilizer containing 15- 10- 26 contains:
a.
b.
c.
d.
15% nitrogen, 10% phosphate, 26% potash
15% phosphate, 10% nitrogen, 26% potash
15% potash, 10% phosphate, and 26% nitrogen
None of the above
Date
1.
Ben gave Cami an approximate price for yard work to be
completed this is called a (an)
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
Cost summation
Estimate
Bid
Contingency cost
For the new landscaping job you will be required to utilize
landscape fabric. The area to be covered is 16’ X 16’ and the
fabric measures 3’ X 5’. How many rolls of fabric will it take to
cover the area?
a.
b.
c.
d.
18
16
5
19
Answers
1.
Ben gave Cami an approximate price for yard work to be
completed this is called a (an)
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
Cost summation
Estimate
Bid
Contingency cost
For the new landscaping job you will be required to utilize
landscape fabric. The area to be covered is 16’ X 16’ and the
fabric measures 3’ X 5’. How many rolls of fabric will it take to
cover the area?
a.
b.
c.
d.
18
16
5
19
Date
1. Use the Punnett Square method to estimate
the possible gene combinations for the
following situation. Crossing a yellow
marigold (YY) with an orange marigold (yy).
What would be the offspring’s gene
combination?
a.
b.
c.
d.
YY
Yy
Yy
yY
Answer
1. Use the Punnett Square method to estimate the
possible gene combinations for the following
situation. Crossing a yellow marigold (YY) with
an orange marigold (yy). What would be the
offspring’s gene combination?
a.
b.
c.
d.
YY
Yy
Yy
yY
Date
1. Use the Punnett Square method to estimate
the possible gene combinations for the
following situation. Crossing a red rose (RR)
with a white rose (rr). What would the
phenotype ration be?
a.
b.
c.
d.
4:0 dominant: recessive
2:1 dominant: recessive
2:2 dominant: recessive
0:4 dominant recessive
Answer
1. Use the Punnett Square method to estimate
the possible gene combinations for the
following situation. Crossing a red rose (RR)
with a white rose (rr). What would the
phenotype ration be?
a.
b.
c.
d.
4:0 dominant: recessive
2:1 dominant: recessive
2:2 dominant: recessive
0:4 dominant recessive
Date
1. The method of asexual propagation that involves the
growing of small pieces of plant tissue:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Propagation culture
Plant culture
Cell culture
Tissue culture
2. Qualitative traits are traits controlled by:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Several pairs of genes
A single pair of genes
Six pairs of genes
Seven pairs of genes
Answers
1. The method of asexual propagation that involves the
growing of small pieces of plant tissue:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Propagation culture
Plant culture
Cell culture
Tissue culture
2. Qualitative traits are traits controlled by:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Several pairs of genes
A single pair of genes
Six pairs of genes
Seven pairs of genes
Date
You have decided to buy your mother a corsage for Mother’s Day. The
1.
original cost for a three flower corsage is $15.00 however; the flower
shop is running a special $13.00 price for Mother’s Day. What would be
the percentage reduction from the original cost?
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
21.3%
15.4%
10%
40%
You have a 30’ X 45’ greenhouse. You need to install tables using the
maximum potential of the space. Each table measures 6’ X 12’. Using
the given information, determine how many tables you must install.
Consider the following stipulations:
a.
b.
c.
d.
There must be a minimum of 5’ aisle lengthwise in the middle of the
greenhouse
There must be minimum of 1; between the long sides of benches and/ or
walls
You must fit as many benches as possible in the greenhouse
4
11
20
10
Answers
1.
You have decided to buy your mother a corsage for Mother’s Day. The
original cost for a three flower corsage is $15.00 however; the flower
shop is running a special $13.00 price for Mother’s Day. What would be
the percentage reduction from the original cost?
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
21.3%
15.4%
10%
40%
You have a 30’ X 45’ greenhouse. You need to install tables using the
maximum potential of the space. Each table measures 6’ X 12’. Using
the given information, determine how many tables you must install.
Consider the following stipulations:
a.
b.
c.
d.
There must be a minimum of 5’ aisle lengthwise in the middle of the
greenhouse
There must be minimum of 1; between the long sides of benches and/ or
walls
You must fit as many benches as possible in the greenhouse
4
11
20
10
Date
1.
You have 10 tables that are 6’ X 12’. Each plant flat is 12” X 24”. Determine how
many flats will fit on each table.
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
36
48
17
18
As an greenhouse owner there are many different items that must be stored in
the headhouse in order to have the items on hand at the right time. Given your
headhouse is 15’ X 32’ use the following setup’s to determine the minimum
amount of potting soil you are able to store. Remember the following:
-pallets of potting soil 3’ X 3’
-there must be minimum of 2’ between the long sides of the pallets and/ or walls
-there must be a minimum of 4’ aisle lengthwise in the middle of the headhouse
a.
24
b.
18
c.
12
d.
6
Answer
1.
You have 10 tables that are 6’ X 12’. Each plant flat is 12” X 24”. Determine how
many flats will fit on each table.
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
36
48
17
18
As an greenhouse owner there are many different items that must be stored in
the headhouse in order to have the items on hand at the right time. Given your
headhouse is 15’ X 32’ use the following setup’s to determine the minimum
amount of potting soil you are able to store. Remember the following:
-pallets of potting soil 3’ X 3’
-there must be minimum of 2’ between the long sides of the pallets and/ or walls
-there must be a minimum of 4’ aisle lengthwise in the middle of the headhouse
a.
24
b.
18
c.
12
d.
6
Date
1. You have been hired to fill 3 planter boxes that hold about
10 cubic feet of soil each. You have the supply store
deliver 6 cubic yards of potting mix. How many cubic
yards of potting soil do you need to fill the planter boxes?
a.
b.
c.
d.
11.5
6
30
1.1
2. Which of the following the correct soil layer order?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Sub soil, topsoil, parent material, bed rock
Parent material, sub soil, top soil, bed rock
Parent material, top soil, sub soil, bed rock
Top soil, sub soil, parent material, bed rock
Answers
1. You have been hired to fill 3 planter boxes that hold about
10 cubic feet of soil each. You have the supply store
deliver 6 cubic yards of potting mix. How many cubic
yards of potting soil do you need to fill the planter boxes?
a.
b.
c.
d.
11.5
6
30
1.1
2. Which of the following the correct soil layer order?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Sub soil, topsoil, parent material, bed rock
Parent material, sub soil, top soil, bed rock
Parent material, top soil, sub soil, bed rock
Top soil, sub soil, parent material, bed rock
Date
1. Two growth regulators used with tissue culture
techniques are:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Auxins, cytokinins
Zuxins, callas
Cutokinins, plantlets
Callas, cytikinins
2. The male part of the flower is called the:
a. Pistal
b. Ovary
c. Style
d. Stamen
Answers
Two growth regulators used with tissue culture
techniques are:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Auxins, cytokinins
Zuxins, callas
Cutokinins, plantlets
Callas, cytikinins
2. The male part of the flower is called the:
a. Pistal
b. Ovary
c. Style
d. Stamen
Date
1. A flower which is missing either male or female parts
is called:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Complete flower
Incomplete flower
Perfect
Imperfect flower
2. A form of biotechnology that involves the changing of
the genetic makeup of living organisms:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Gene manipulation
Genetic engineering
Organism change
Organism manipulation
Answer
1. A flower which is missing either male or female parts
is called:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Complete flower
Incomplete flower
Perfect
Imperfect flower
2. A form of biotechnology that involves the changing of
the genetic makeup of living organisms:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Gene manipulation
Genetic engineering
Organism change
Organism manipulation
Date
1. Which of the following best describes precision farming?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Use of cropping practices that improve yields based on the
needs of the land
Using biology to develop new products or processes
The use of machines and equipment to do precise work
Technology gathered and recorded data from a great distance
2. Which of the following defines “endosperm”?
a.
b.
c.
d.
A little plant that eventually grows and develops into the
mature plant
Fleshy fruit
The food storage tissue in the seed
Normal cells containing a double set of chromosomes
Answer
1. Which of the following best describes precision farming?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Use of cropping practices that improve yields based on the
needs of the land
Using biology to develop new products or processes
The use of machines and equipment to do precise work
Technology gathered and recorded data from a great distance
2. Which of the following defines “endosperm”?
a.
b.
c.
d.
A little plant that eventually grows and develops into the
mature plant
Fleshy fruit
The food storage tissue in the seed
Normal cells containing a double set of chromosomes
Date
1. Which of the following does not play a key role in
seed germination?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Soil
Moisture
Air, oxygen
Warm temperature
2. Which part of the seedling will emerge first from a
dicot?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Roots
Leaves
Stem
Bloom
Answers
1. Which of the following does not play a key role in
seed germination?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Soil
Moisture
Air, oxygen
Warm temperature
2. Which part of the seedling will emerge first from a
dicot?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Roots
Leaves
Stem
Bloom
Date
1.
A plant that is identical to the parent plant is known as a:
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
Clone
Perfect replica
Offspring
Callus
At an end of the season sale Jim’s greenhouse is selling all bedding
plants 50% off the original price. If Abby buys 6 dailies for $5.00
each, 2 rose bushes for $6.50 each and, 7 ornamental grasses for
$11.00 each, what would her bill have been if she had not
received the 50% discount?
a.
b.
c.
d.
$120
$134
$174
$220
Answers
1.
A plant that is identical to the parent plant is known as a:
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
Clone
Perfect replica
Offspring
Callus
At an end of the season sale Jim’s greenhouse is selling all bedding
plants 50% off the original price. If Abby buys 6 dailies for $5.00
each, 2 rose bushes for $6.50 each and, 7 ornamental grasses for
$11.00 each, what would her bill have been if she had not
received the 50% discount?
a.
b.
c.
d.
$120
$134
$174
$220
Date
1.
You estimate that your bean crop can be harvested in 2 weeks and 2
days if you hire three combine drivers to work 12 hours a day, 6 days a
week. How many hours do all three combine have to work to harvest
the bean crop?
a. 1000 hours
b. 504 hours
c. 600 hours
d. 1202 hours
2. Based on the hours worked from the previous question, if you paid each
combine driver $13.50 per hour, what would be each person’s take home pay
at the end of the harvest?
a. $1350
b. $6804
c. $1143
d. $2268
Answers
1.
You estimate that your bean crop can be harvested in 2 weeks and 2
days if you hire three combine drivers to work 12 hours a day, 6 days a
week. How many hours do all three combine have to work to harvest
the bean crop?
a. 1000 hours
b. 504 hours
c. 600 hours
d. 1202 hours
2. Based on the hours worked from the previous question, if you paid each
combine driver $13.50 per hour, what would be each person’s take home pay
at the end of the harvest?
a. $1350
b. $6804
c. $1143
d. $2268
Date
1.
Bobby works for Krista’s Lawn Care Service. He is paid $6.00/ hour
for the first 40 hours he works in a five day work week. After 40
hours he is paid time and a half. This week he has worked 62
hours. Based on this what would be his take home pay
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
$438
$372
$559
$279
Plants which are grown from seeds use this type of propagation
method:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Asexual
Bisexual
Sexual
Unusual
Answers
1.
Bobby works for Krista’s Lawn Care Service. He is paid $6.00/ hour
for the first 40 hours he works in a five day work week. After 40
hours he is paid time and a half. This week he has worked 62
hours. Based on this what would be his take home pay
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
$438
$372
$559
$279
Plants which are grown from seeds use this type of propagation
method:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Asexual
Bisexual
Sexual
Unusual
Date
1. Strawberry plants have this type of specialized
stem:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Rhizome
Stolen
Tendril
Tuber
2. The four layers of a normal soil profile are:
a.
b.
c.
d.
topsoil, subsoil, and root zone
Sand, silt, clay
Root zone, topsoil and subsoil
Topsoil, subsoil, parent material and bedrock
Answers
1. Strawberry plants have this type of specialized
stem:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Rhizome
Stolen
Tendril
Tuber
2. The four layers of a normal soil profile are:
a.
b.
c.
d.
topsoil, subsoil, and root zone
Sand, silt, clay
Root zone, topsoil and subsoil
Topsoil, subsoil, parent material and bedrock
Date
1. Which one of the following numbers indicates a
neutral pH reading on a soil test?
a.
b.
c.
d.
0
1
7
14
2. Which of the following pH ranges do most landscape
plants perform best?
a.
b.
c.
d.
3-4.5
5.6-7
6.8-9.2
Above 10
Answers
1. Which one of the following numbers indicates a
neutral pH reading on a soil test?
a.
b.
c.
d.
0
1
7
14
2. Which of the following pH ranges do most landscape
plants perform best?
a.
b.
c.
d.
3-4.5
5.6-7
6.8-9.2
Above 10
Date
1. How is pH raised and acidity lowered in acidic soil?
a.
b.
c.
d.
The addition of nitrogen to the soil
The addition of lime to the soil
The addition of sulfur to the soil
The addition of potash to the soil
2. There are twelve basic textural classes that can be
determined after a soil test using which of the
following resources?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Textural square
Ribbon test
Textural triangle
Texture test
Answers
1. How is pH raised and acidity lowered in acidic soil?
a.
b.
c.
d.
The addition of nitrogen to the soil
The addition of lime to the soil
The addition of sulfur to the soil
The addition of potash to the soil
2. There are twelve basic textural classes that can be
determined after a soil test using which of the
following resources?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Textural square
Ribbon test
Textural triangle
Texture test
Date
1. Which of the following components make up fifty
percent of a typical soil structure?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Peat moss, organic matter
Sand, silt
Water, air
Peat moss, inorganic matter
2. Which of the following is a commonly used
component of a soilless growing media?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Peat moss
Silt
Clay
Sand
Answers
1. Which of the following components make up fifty
percent of a typical soil structure?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Peat moss, organic matter
Sand, silt
Water, air
Peat moss, inorganic matter
2. Which of the following is a commonly used
component of a soilless growing media?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Peat moss
Silt
Clay
Sand
Date
1. Which of the following is not true statement about
soilless growing media?
a.
b.
c.
d.
They are sterile
They are uniform in composition
They have good moisture retention and drainage
They contain a high mineral content
2. Which of the following components of a soilless
media provides aeration?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Sphagnum moss
Perlite
Vermiculite
Peat moss
Answers
1. Which of the following is not true statement about
soilless growing media?
a.
b.
c.
d.
They are sterile
They are uniform in composition
They have good moisture retention and drainage
They contain a high mineral content
2. Which of the following components of a soilless
media provides aeration?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Sphagnum moss
Perlite
Vermiculite
Peat moss
Date
1. Which of the following statements best describes a
soilless media?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Used only for hydroponics
A growing media that has no soil
More likely to have worms, bacteria, and nematodes than a
soil mix
Rarely used today
2. The proportion of sand, silt, and clay determines which of
the following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Soil structure
Soil texture
Soil color
Soil loam
Answers
1. Which of the following statements best describes a
soilless media?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Used only for hydroponics
A growing media that has no soil
More likely to have worms, bacteria, and nematodes than a
soil mix
Rarely used today
2. The proportion of sand, silt, and clay determines which of
the following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Soil structure
Soil texture
Soil color
Soil loam
Date
1. Grafting consists of which two pieces of a plant?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Root and stem
Pollen and egg
Scion and stock or rootstock
Root and bud
2. Which of the following is true about tissue culture?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Tissue culture techniques are used to grow genetically
engineered plant cells
Only a small number of plants can be propagated through
tissue culture
Virus diseases can never be eliminated from plant tissue using
the tissue culture method of propagation
Tissue culture is a highly technical form of sexual reproduction
Answers
1. Grafting consists of which two pieces of a plant?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Root and stem
Pollen and egg
Scion and stock or rootstock
Root and bud
2. Which of the following is true about tissue culture?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Tissue culture techniques are used to grow genetically
engineered plant cells
Only a small number of plants can be propagated through
tissue culture
Virus diseases can never be eliminated from plant tissue using
the tissue culture method of propagation
Tissue culture is a highly technical form of sexual reproduction
Date
1. What is tissue culture?
a.
b.
c.
d.
The process of connecting two plant parts together in such a
way that they will unite and grow as a single plant
Growing fertilized seeds into mature plants
Dividing plant roots or the entire plant into two or more plants
by cutting the original plant
Growing plant cells or small pieces of plant tiss on an artificial
medium
2. Asexual propagation involves _______________:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Pollination
Reproduction of plants using only vegetative parts
New genetic combinations in the offspring
Fertilization of an egg by sperm
Answers
1. What is tissue culture?
a.
b.
c.
d.
The process of connecting two plant parts together in such a
way that they will unite and grow as a single plant
Growing fertilized seeds into mature plants
Dividing plant roots or the entire plant into two or more plants
by cutting the original plant
Growing plant cells or small pieces of plant tissue on an
artificial medium
2. Asexual propagation involves _______________:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Pollination
Reproduction of plants using only vegetative parts
New genetic combinations in the offspring
Fertilization of an egg by sperm
Date
1. How are chrysanthemums propagated?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Seed
Leaf cuttings
Stem cuttings
Air layering
2. Sexual reproduction involves which of the
following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Genetically identical offspring
Offspring called clones
New genetic combination in the offspring
Reproduction without the need of egg or sperm
Answers
1. How are chrysanthemums propagated?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Seed
Leaf cuttings
Stem cuttings
Air layering
2. Sexual reproduction involves which of the
following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Genetically identical offspring
Offspring called clones
New genetic combination in the offspring
Reproduction without the need of egg or sperm
Date
1. Which of the following are the requirements for seed
germination?
a. Water, oxygen, optimum temperatures and possibly light or
dark conditions
b. Water, carbon dioxide, optimum temperatures, and
possibly light or dark conditions
c. Soil, oxygen, optimum temperatures and darkness
d. Water, fertilizer, carbon dioxide, and optimum
temperatures
2. What is the most common method of propagation in
flowering and vegetable crops?
a. leaf cutting
b. Division of roots
c. grafting
d. seeds
Answers
1. Which of the following are the requirements for seed
germination?
a. Water, oxygen, optimum temperatures and possibly light or
dark conditions
b. Water, carbon dioxide, optimum temperatures, and possibly light
or dark conditions
c. Soil, oxygen, optimum temperatures and darkness
d. Water, fertilizer, carbon dioxide, and optimum temperatures
2. What is the most common method of propagation in flowering
and vegetable crops?
a. leaf cutting
b. Division of roots
c. grafting
d. seeds
Date
1. A strawberry plant will naturally propagate by
developing a:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Bulb
Tuber
Runner
Rhizome
2. Which of the following is not a benefit of growing
horticulture crops from seed?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Plants are uniform in growth
Reduced germination rates
Young plants are more disease resistant
Cheaper way to produce crops
Answers
1. A strawberry plant will naturally propagate by
developing a:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Bulb
Tuber
Runner
Rhizome
2. Which of the following is not a benefit of growing
horticulture crops from seed?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Plants are uniform in growth
Reduced germination rates
Young plants are more disease resistant
Cheaper way to produce crops
Date
1. Which of the following must be placed on the label of
plants or seeds?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Date only
Name and variety
Variety only
Name, variety, date (and in Ms. G.’s class, initials too)
2. When growing Chrysanthemums, it is important to water
_____ to prevent root rot.
a.
b.
c.
d.
When the top of the growing medium begins to appear dry
When it is convenient
When the plants are wilted
When the medium is saturate
Answers
1. Which of the following must be placed on the label of
plants or seeds?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Date only
Name and variety
Variety only
Name, variety, date (and in Ms. G.’s class, initials too)
2. When growing Chrysanthemums, it is important to water
_____ to prevent root rot.
a.
b.
c.
d.
When the top of the growing medium begins to appear dry
When it is convenient
When the plants are wilted
When the medium is saturate
Date
1. How are strawberries, raspberries, and
blackberries harvested?
a.
b.
c.
d.
By hand
By mechanical picker
By mechanical shakers
High velocity spray
2. Nitrogen causes plant to:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Grow rapidly and develop a dark green color
Resist disease and develop strong roots
Harden off more readily
Produce more blooms
Answers
1. How are strawberries, raspberries, and
blackberries harvested?
a.
b.
c.
d.
By hand
By mechanical picker
By mechanical shakers
High velocity spray
2. Nitrogen causes plant to:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Grow rapidly and develop a dark green color
Resist disease and develop strong roots
Harden off more readily
Produce more blooms
Date
1. Lime provides the plant with which element?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Nitrogen
Potash
Calcium
Magnesium
2. All of the following statements are benefits of
potassium except:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Increases the resistance to disease
Develops a strong root system
Essential in developing chlorophyll
Flowers and seeds cannot form with it
Answers
1. Lime provides the plant with which element?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Nitrogen
Potash
Calcium
Magnesium
2. All of the following statements are benefits of
potassium except:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Increases the resistance to disease
Develops a strong root system
Essential in developing chlorophyll
Flowers and seeds cannot form with it
Date
1. Which of the following is not an indication of a
phosphorus deficiency?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Purple coloring on the underside of leaves
Reduced flower
Reduced fruit production
Yellowing of leaf margins
2. What term is used to describe when chemicals, oil,
and other substances leak into the land?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Contamination
Natural erosion
Salinization
Soil erosion
Answers
1. Which of the following is not an indication of a
phosphorus deficiency?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Purple coloring on the underside of leaves
Reduced flower
Reduced fruit production
Yellowing of leaf margins
2. What term is used to describe when chemicals, oil,
and other substances leak into the land?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Contamination
Natural erosion
Salinization
Soil erosion
Date
1. The United States Department of Agriculture Plant
Hardiness Map divides the United States into how many
regions?
a.
b.
c.
d.
10
13
9
20
2. On the United States Department of Agriculture Plant
Hardiness Map, Kentucky is located in region:
a.
b.
c.
d.
5
6
8
9
Answers
1. The United States Department of Agriculture Plant
Hardiness Map divides the United States into how many
regions?
a.
b.
c.
d.
10
13
9
20
2. On the United States Department of Agriculture Plant
Hardiness Map, Kentucky is located in region:
a.
b.
c.
d.
5
6
8
9
Date
1. Which of the following pesticides would be used to
eliminate insects such as aphids or white flies?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fungicide
Insecticide
Miticide
Herbicide
2. Which of the following pesticides would be used to
eliminate pests such as mites or ticks?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fungicide
Insecticide
Miticide
Herbicide
Answers
1. Which of the following pesticides would be used to
eliminate insects such as aphids or white flies?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fungicide
Insecticide
Miticide
Herbicide
2. Which of the following pesticides would be used to
eliminate pests such as mites or ticks?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fungicide
Insecticide
Miticide
Herbicide
Date
1. Which of the following are the four main routes that a
pesticide can enter the body?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Oral, dermal, inhalation, eye
Oral, hair, blood, eye
Blood, lymph nodes, dermal, inhalation
Kidneys, dermal, hair, eye
2. Which of the following is not an acceptable practice
when disposing of chemical containers?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Burn empty containers
Rinse equipment and container in a grassy area
Wash contaminated clothing separately
Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water
Answers
1. Which of the following are the four main routes that a
pesticide can enter the body?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Oral, dermal, inhalation, eye
Oral, hair, blood, eye
Blood, lymph nodes, dermal, inhalation
Kidneys, dermal, hair, eye
2. Which of the following is not an acceptable practice
when disposing of chemical containers?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Burn empty containers
Rinse equipment and container in a grassy area
Wash contaminated clothing separately
Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water
Date
1.
A pesticide that has the signal word “DANGER” on the label would
be which of the following acute toxicity levels?
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
Moderately toxic
Slightly toxic
Highly toxic
Relatively toxic
A pesticide that has a signal word “WARNING” on the label would
be which of the following acute toxicity levels?
a. Moderately toxic
b. Slightly toxic
c. Highly toxic
d. Relatively toxic
Answers
1.
A pesticide that has the signal word “DANGER” on the label would
be which of the following acute toxicity levels?
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
Moderately toxic
Slightly toxic
Highly toxic
Relatively toxic
A pesticide that has a signal word “WARNING” on the label would
be which of the following acute toxicity levels?
a. Moderately toxic
b. Slightly toxic
c. Highly toxic
d. Relatively toxic
Date
1. Which of the following is an acceptable time to spray a
pesticide outdoors?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Early morning
Mid day
On a windy day
When workers or person are present in the area
2. Which of the following would be the first step in the
proper mixing of pesticides?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fill the sprayer with 2/3”s of the water needed
Test the sprayer with water to check for leaks and other
malfunctions
Read the label to determine the proper mixture
Mix chemicals in a grassy area
Answers
1.
Which of the following is an acceptable time to spray a
pesticide outdoors?
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
Early morning
Mid day
On a windy day
When workers or person are present in the area
Which of the following would be the first step in the proper
mixing of pesticides?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fill the sprayer with 2/3’s of the water needed
Test the sprayer with water to check for leaks and other
malfunctions
Read the label to determine the proper mixture
Mix chemicals in a grassy area
Date
1. A chewing insect, such as a grasshopper, beetle, or
caterpillar will result in all of the following except:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Sucking of sap from plant tissues
Holes in leaves
Removal of tissue between leaf veins
Consumption of roots
2. Which of the following insects is considered to be an
insect with sucking mouthparts?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Aphid
Beetle
Thrip
Grasshopper
Answer
1. A chewing insect, such as a grasshopper, beetle, or
caterpillar will result in all of the following except:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Sucking of sap from plant tissues
Holes in leaves
Removal of tissue between leaf veins
Consumption of roots
2. Which of the following insects is considered to be an
insect with sucking mouthparts?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Aphid
Beetle
Thrip
Grasshopper
Date
1. Which of the following insects is considered to be a
chewing insect?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Scale
Aphids
Thrips
Beetle
2. Aphids and scales can cause the following damage to
plants except:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Spotting of foliage
Curling of leaves
Stunted fruits
Holes in foliage
Answers
1. Which of the following insects is considered to be a
chewing insect?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Scale
Aphids
Thrips
Beetle
2. Aphids and scales can cause the following damage to
plants except:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Spotting of foliage
Curling of leaves
Stunted fruits
Holes in foliage
Date
1. It is recommended to clean hand tools, such as a hand
trowel or shovel:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Once a month
After 5 uses
After every use
At the end of summer
2. Which of the following pruning tools would be used to
trim branches large in diameter and 10’ above a ground
maintenance workers reach?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Hand pruners
Lopping shears
Pole pruner
Pruning saw
Answers
1. It is recommended to clean hand tools, such as a hand
trowel or shovel:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Once a month
After 5 uses
After every use
At the end of summer
2. Which of the following pruning tools would be used to
trim branches large in diameter and 10’ above a ground
maintenance workers reach?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Hand pruners
Lopping shears
Pole pruner
Pruning saw
Date
1.
Which of the following would bot be a benefit of cleaning and
maintaining hand tools used in the horticulture industry?
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
Prevent the spread of diseases
Makes pruning difficult
Extends their life span
Prevents rusting of blades
Which of the following is a good safety practice associated with
power tools?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Plug electric tools in while checking and repairing
Use tools that create a potential safety hazard such as electric tools
with damaged cords or tools with missing or defective guards/
shields
Operate electric tools in wet or damp areas
Operate gasoline- powered tools only in well- ventilated areas
Answers
1.
Which of the following would bot be a benefit of cleaning and
maintaining hand tools used in the horticulture industry?
a.
b.
c.
d.
2.
Prevent the spread of diseases
Makes pruning difficult
Extends their life span
Prevents rusting of blades
Which of the following is a good safety practice associated with
power tools?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Plug electric tools in while checking and repairing
Use tools that create a potential safety hazard such as electric tools
with damaged cords or tools with missing or defective guards/
shields
Operate electric tools in wet or damp areas
Operate gasoline- powered tools only in well- ventilated areas
Date
1. If a serious accident occurs in the workplace, which of
the following should you do first?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Immediately administer CPR
Move the victim to a safe place
Leave the victim
Call 911 for Emergency Medical Services
2. When calling 911, you should give all of the following
information to the dispatcher except?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Names of all victims
Type of emergency
Location of emergency
Number of victims
Answers
1. If a serious accident occurs in the workplace, which of
the following should you do first?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Immediately administer CPR
Move the victim to a safe place
Leave the victim
Call 911 for Emergency Medical Services
2. When calling 911, you should give all of the following
information to the dispatcher except?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Names of all victims
Type of emergency
Location of emergency
Number of victims
Date
1. Which of the following is an acceptable practice while
operating a lawn mower?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Read the owner’s manual
Check the mower for loose parts
Know the area in which you are mowing
Remove the guards from the mowing deck
2. Which of the following is not considered to be a piece of
personal protective equipment that should be worn when
applying pesticides?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Respirator
Eye protection
Cotton gloves
Waterproof clothing
Answers
1. Which of the following is an acceptable practice while
operating a lawn mower?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Read the owner’s manual
Check the mower for loose parts
Know the area in which you are mowing
Remove the guards from the mowing deck
2. Which of the following is not considered to be a piece of
personal protective equipment that should be worn when
applying pesticides?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Respirator
Eye protection
Cotton gloves
Waterproof clothing
Date
1. If a pesticide is spilled on the skin, it should be washed off
immediately with which of the following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Soap and water
Water only
Moist towel
Rubbing alcohol
2. A pesticide that has a signal word “CAUTION” on the label
would be which of the following acute toxicity levels?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Moderately toxic
Slightly toxic
Highly toxic
Relatively toxic
Answers
1. If a pesticide is spilled on the skin, it should be washed off
immediately with which of the following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Soap and water
Water only
Moist towel
Rubbing alcohol
2. A pesticide that has a signal word “CAUTION” on the label
would be which of the following acute toxicity levels?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Moderately toxic
Slightly toxic
Highly toxic
Relatively toxic
Date
1. Safety in the horticulture industry is the responsibility
of:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Manager
Employees
Machinery operators
Everyone in the workplace
2. The Worker Protection Standards (WPS) law enforces
which of the following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Regulates chemicals
Bans chemicals from agricultural applications
Regulates pesticides used for homeowners
Sets guidelines for during and after chemical application
Answers
1. Safety in the horticulture industry is the responsibility
of:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Manager
Employees
Machinery operators
Everyone in the workplace
2. The Worker Protection Standards (WPS) law enforces
which of the following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Regulates chemicals
Bans chemicals from agricultural applications
Regulates pesticides used for homeowners
Sets guidelines for during and after chemical application
Date
1. Which of the following tools would not be acceptable to
use for pruning?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Hand shears
Lopping shears
Pruning saw
Chisel
2. Which class of fire extinguisher is used to put out a fire on
greenhouse glazing materials, such as acrylic,
polycarbonate, or fiberglass reinforced polyester?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Class A
Class B
Class C
Class D
Answers
1. Which of the following tools would not be acceptable to
use for pruning?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Hand shears
Lopping shears
Pruning saw
Chisel
2. Which class of fire extinguisher is used to put out a fire on
greenhouse glazing materials, such as acrylic,
polycarbonate, or fiberglass reinforced polyester?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Class A
Class B
Class C
Class D
Date
1.
Which class of fire extinguisher is used to put out a fire on flammable
liquids such as gasoline, fertilizers, pesticides, or oil?
a. Class A
b. Class B
c. Class C
d. Class D
2. Which class of fire extinguisher is used to put out a fire on electrical
equipment, such as machinery, power tools, or unit heaters?
a. Class A
b. Class B
c. Class C
d. Class D
Answers
1.
Which class of fire extinguisher is used to put out a fire on flammable
liquids such as gasoline, fertilizers, pesticides, or oil?
a. Class A
b. Class B
c. Class C
d. Class D
2. Which class of fire extinguisher is used to put out a fire on electrical
equipment, such as machinery, power tools, or unit heaters?
a. Class A
b. Class B
c. Class C
d. Class D
Date
1. A green triangle located on a portabel fire
extinguisher indicates that it is which of the following:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Class A
Class B
Class C
Combination
2. A red square located on a portable fire extinguisher
indicates that it is which of the following?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Class A
Class B
Class C
Combination
Answers
1. A green triangle located on a portable fire
extinguisher indicates that it is which of the following:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Class A
Class B
Class C
Combination
2. A red square located on a portable fire extinguisher
indicates that it is which of the following?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Class A
Class B
Class C
Combination
Date
1. A blue circle located on a portable fire extinguisher
indicates that it is which of the following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Class A
Class B
Class C
Combination
2. In a head house, chemical storage building, or
greenhouse the fire extinguisher should be located:
a.
b.
c.
d.
At the rear of the facility
In the corner
Locked in a cabinet
By the exit door
Answers
1. A blue circle located on a portable fire extinguisher
indicates that it is which of the following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Class A
Class B
Class C
Combination
2. In a head house, chemical storage building, or
greenhouse the fire extinguisher should be located:
a.
b.
c.
d.
At the rear of the facility
In the corner
Locked in a cabinet
By the exit door
Date
1. Which of the following defines safety in the
workplace?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Preventing injury and loss
Staying out of harms way
Working slowly
Reading all the instructions
2. Which of the following agencies approve pesticide
labels?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Kentucky Department of Agriculture
United States Department of Agriculture
Food and Drug Administration
Environmental Protection Agency
Answers
1. Which of the following defines safety in the
workplace?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Preventing injury and loss
Staying out of harms way
Working slowly
Reading all the instructions
2. Which of the following agencies approve pesticide
labels?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Kentucky Department of Agriculture
United States Department of Agriculture
Food and Drug Administration
Environmental Protection Agency