PowerPoint - New Mexico Agricultural Education FFA Association

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Transcript PowerPoint - New Mexico Agricultural Education FFA Association

Understanding the importance of Agriculture in Society
Reminder: student learning activities are at end of this
power point.
Common Core/ Next Generation Science Standards that are
addressed!
RST.6‐8.2 - Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate
summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. (MS‐LS1‐6)
WHST.6‐8.2 - Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas,
concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of
relevant content. (MS‐LS1‐6)
WHST.6-8.9 - Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and
research. (MS‐LS1‐6),(MS‐LS2‐4)
SL.8.1 - Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one‐on‐one, in groups,
and teacher‐led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics, texts, and issues,
building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly. (MS‐LS2‐2)
Agriculture, Food and Natural Resource Standards
Addressed!
 FPP.04.02. Evaluate the significance and implications of changes
and trends in the food products and processing industry in the
local and global food systems.
 Sample Measurement: The following sample measurement strands
are provided to guide the development of measurable activities (at
different levels of proficiency) to assess students’ attainment of
knowledge and skills related to the above performance indicator.
The topics represented by each strand are not all-encompassing.
 FPP.04.02.01.a. Describe and explain the components of the food
products and processing industry (e.g., processing, distribution,
 byproducts, etc.).
Bell Activities!
 1. Explain why most Americans are “Agriculturally Illiterate.
 2. How can agriculture literacy be improved?
 3. What agriculture crops/products were used in your
breakfast? What types of jobs would be involved to produce
your breakfast?
Terms cont.
Recognizing the Role of
Agriculture in Society!
Did you Eat today?
Do you have a home?
Do you wear Clothing?
Where would we be without Agriculture?
Answer: Naked, Hungry, Cold!
Student Objectives
 Define quality of life
 Discuss agriculture’s role in basic
human nutrition
 List ag products used to provide food
 List ag products used for clothing
 List ag products used for human shelter
Most people have a basic
knowledge of Agriculture but are
agriculturally illiterate!
 Barrow ?
 Plow?
 Fallow?
 Gilt?
 Molt?
 Hydraulics?
Objective One
Define Quality of Life
Quality of life?
 Which standard would you prefer?
Quality of Life
 Having adequate supplies of the basic needs
of food, clothing and shelter.
 The ag. industry provides the food and fiber
required by people.
 Agriculture allows people to enjoy a higher
quality of life.
Quality of Life
 Americans spend 11% of their total
income on food.
 In other countries people spend well
over 80% of income on food.
 Agriculture allows Americans to spend
more money on clothing shelter, and
entertainment.
Compare our Food Dollar to other
Countries!
International Trade
 American agriculture helps provide
food and fiber for many people in other
countries.
 International trade is the buying and
selling of commodities by two or more
nations.
Exports
 Exports are goods sold to another country.
 Corn, soybeans, rice and wheat are
examples of important American
agriculture exports.
 The success of American agriculture is
largely dependent on its exports.
Imports
 Commodities bought from other
countries are called imports.
 Major American agricultural imports
are bananas, coffee, shrimp, and vanilla.
 Good jobs help people enjoy a better quality
of life as well.
 The American agriculture industry provides
jobs for about 16 out of every 100 people in
our country.
 This is higher than any other industry in the
country.
Objective Two
Discuss Modern Agriculture’s
Role in Basic Human Nutrition
What Role Does Agriculture Play In
Basic Human Nutrition?
 Today, one American farmer feeds over 130 people.
 Consumers have a year-round, wide variety of inexpensive,
quality foods to choose from.
 We don’t always make nutritious choices.
Food Guide Pyramid
 Helps people make healthy eating choices
 Contains 5 nutritional groups
 Recommends types of foods from each group for healthy
consumption
 Nutritional fact labels must also be present on all processed
food products
Five Nutritional Groups
 Breads
 Fruits
 Vegetables
 Milk
 Meat
Other Factors Effecting Healthy Eating
Choices!
 Your Age
 Your Activity Level
 Your Gender, and
 Your Body Size
Objective Three
List Ag Products Used To Provide
Food
What Ag Products Provide Food?
 Grains
 Fruits
 Vegetables
 Milk
 Meat
 Nuts
Grain Crops
 Grains are grown throughout the U.S.
 The largest region of production is in the Midwest
 Grains are used for bread, pasta, rice, cereal, and many other
food products
,
 Wheat, rye and corn are examples of grains
Fruits
 Citrus (grapefruit, oranges, tangelos,
lemons, limes) are grown in Florida,
California, or imported
 Blueberries are grown in Michigan
 Apples are grown in many states
 Fruits are sold fresh or as processed juice
Vegetables
 Cool weather vegetables (like lettuce
and broccoli) are grown in northern
states in summer and southern states in
winter
 Many vegetables are imported from
South America and Mexico
Milk
 Dairy foods are processed from milk.
 Most milk comes from cattle on dairy farms.
 Another source of milk is goats.
 California and Wisconsin are leading dairy
producing states. New Mexico quite often leads the
nation in the amount of milk produced per cow!
Meat
 Includes poultry
 Beef
 Pork
 Fish, and
 Lamb
Poultry
 Poultry Includes domesticated birds grown
for food.
 Chicken is most popular followed by
turkey.
 Chickens also produce most of the eggs
consumed in the country.
 Poultry consumption increases in the U.S.
Beef
 Beef is meat from cattle
 Steak and hamburger are popular beef
dishes
Pork
 Pork is meat from swine.
 Swine is a term to describe hogs and
pigs.
 Pork chops, bacon, and sausage are
popular pork dishes.
Fish
 Aquaculture is the term used to describe
the production of fish and other aquatic
plants and animals
 Fish are farmed in the ocean, ponds, and
tanks.
 Fish are harvested, processed and sold
either fresh or frozen.
Lamb
 Lamb refers to meat from sheep less than a
year old.
 Mutton is from sheep that are over a year
old.
 Compared to beef, pork and poultry,
Americans consume relatively little lamb
and mutton.
Nuts
 Each year, about 430,000 tons of nuts are
produced in the United States.
 The four major types of nuts produced are
almonds, pecans, walnuts, and filberts
 New Mexico is one of the top two states in
pecan production.
Objective Four
List Ag Products Used For
Clothing
Clothing is Made From Natural and
Synthetic Fiber
 Natural fiber comes from plants and
animals. ( mostly wool and cotton )
 Synthetic fibers are manufactured from
petroleum and other substances
Examples of Natural Fibers
 Cotton
 Flax
 Kenaf
 Jute
 Hemp and Sisal
 Wool and Fur
Cotton
 Cotton is a perennial plant that is grown as
an annual.
 Cotton requires a long, warm growing
season.
 Top cotton producing states are California,
Texas and Arizona.
 Cotton is picked by large machines that remove
the lint from the bolls
 The cotton is taken to the gin to remove the seeds
 Seeds are used for cooking oil or livestock feed
 Lint is pressed, graded, and milled into cloth
Flax
 Flax plants produce fibers
used in making high quality
cloth called linen
 Flax requires a rainy and
warm climate
 Minnesota, North and South
Dakota grow substantial
amounts of flax
 Flax plants grow about three feet tall
 Linen comes from the fibers that make up
the phloem of the plant
 Fibers are rolled and later combed to be
spun into yarn
 Flax seed is used to make linseed oil for
paints and varnishes
Kenaf, Jute, Hemp and Sisal
 Kenaf is a relatively new plant that is used to
make cloth and paper
 Jute plant fiber is used to make burlap
 Hemp and Sisal are coarse fibers used to
make rope
Wool and Fur
 Sheep and goat fleece are
sheared, cleaned, dyed, and
woven into threads
 Angora goat fleece is woven into
mohair
 Fur is used to produce hats,
coats, and other clothing. Rabbit
and mink are two examples of
fur used in clothing
Synthetic Fibers
 Rayon, nylon and polyester fibers are
processed from petroleum products.
 Synthetic fibers are more durable and
wrinkle less than natural fiber.
 Natural fiber is more comfortable.
 Cloth today is often a blend of both natural
and synthetic fiber.
Objective Five
List Ag Products Used For Shelter
Forestry
 Forestry involves planting, caring for, and
harvesting trees.
 There are about 736 million acres of forest
land in the United States.
 Products like plywood, particle board,
veneer, and paper are used for shelter.
Hardwood and Softwood Trees
 Hardwood trees are deciduous--they lose
their leaves in the fall
 Softwood trees are conifers. Conifers are
evergreen trees that have cones and needles
rather than leaves
 Trees are felled (cut down)
and cut into log lengths of
12 to 20 feet
 At the saw mill, logs are cut
into boards and graded
 Lumber is cut while still
green
 Lumber must be seasoned.
Seasoning is the natural or
artificial drying of the
lumber
 Natural drying involves allowing air to circulate
around and through stacks of lumber
 Artificial drying uses heat and is faster
 Lumber is smoothed and sized. Planing involves
removing the roughness left from sawing
Paper
 Smaller trees are used for paper.
 Wood is broken into small pieces and soaked in a
chemical bath to make pulp.
 Pulp is screened, washed and drained.
 Fibers are then rolled and dried.
 Fibers bond together during drying.
The End!
Student Learning Activities
 Sample tests are available under the Lesson Plan tab.
Fill in the food pyramid with
food Agriculture products.
Name: ________________
Color and label the
food pyramid.
Name:__________________
Name: _______________________
Fill in the Nutrition Facts label for one
of your favorite snack foods.
Jeopardy
Understanding the importance of agriculture
of society
Ag products used
Ag products used
to provide
to provide shelter
clothing
Quality of life
The role of ag in
basic human life
Ag products used
to provide food
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Question 1-10
 How much of Americans income is spent of
food?
Answer 1-10
 Americans spent 11% of their total
income on food.
Question 1-20
 In other countries about how much of their
income is spent on food?
Answer 1-20
 In other countries people spend
well over 80% of their income on
food.
Question 1-30
 “American agriculture helps provide _____
and ________ for many people in other
countries.”
Answer 1-30
 “American agriculture helps
provide Food and Fiber for many
people in other countries.”
Question 1-40
 Name two agriculture products that
America experts?
Answer 1-40
 “Corn, soybeans, rice and wheat are
examples of important American
agriculture exports.”
Question 1-50
 Name two agriculture products that
America imports.
Answer 1-50
 “Major American agricultural
imports are bananas, coffee,
shrimp, and vanilla.”
Question 2-10
 How many nutritional groups are found on
the food pyramid and what are they?
Answer 2-10
 There are 5 nutritional groups
Bread group
Fruit group
Vegetable group
Milk group
Meat and Beans group
Question 2-20
 Name two of the four other factors that
effect your health eating choices.
Answer 2-20
 Your age
 Your activity level
 Your gender
 Your body size
Question 2-30
 What must be present on all processed food
products?
Answer 2-30
 A Nutritional fact label must be
present on all processed food
products.
Question 2-40
 What is the food guide pyramid used for?
Answer 2-40
 The food guide pyramid is used to
help people make healthy eating
choices.
Question 2-50
 What are some products commonly found
in the meat and bean group in the food
pyramid?
Answer 2-50
 Meat
 Poultry
 Fish
 Dry Beans
 Eggs
 And Nuts
Question 3-10
 Name the three examples of grain crops.
Answer 3-10
 Wheat
 Rye
 And Corn
Question 3-20
 Where are blueberries primarly grown?
Answer 3-20
 Blueberries are primarily grown in
Michigan.
Question 3-30
 Where are cool weather vegetables (like
lettuce and broccoli) commonly grown?
Answer 3-30
 Northern states in the summer and
southern states in the winter.
Question 3-40
 Witch state quite often leads the nation in
the amount of milk produced per cow?
Answer 3-40
 New Mexico
Question 3-50
 What six agriculture products provide food?
Answer 3-50
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Grains
Fruits
Vegetables
Milk
Meat
Nuts
Question 4-10
 What are the two types of finer that
clothing is make out of?
Answer 4-10
 Natural fiber and Synthetic fibers.
Question 4-20
 Name three examples of natural fibers.
Answer 4-20
 Examples of natural fibers
Cotton
Flax
Kenaf
Jute
Hemp and Sisal
Wool and fur
Question 4-30
 “Synthetic fibers are more _______ and
_________ ___________ then natural
fiber.”
Answer 4-30
 “Synthetic fibers are more durable
and wrinkle less then natural fiber.”
Question 4-40
 What are Hemp and Sisal fivers used to
make?
Answer 4-40
 “Hemp and Sisal are coarse fivers
used to make rope.”
Question 4-50
 What three states grow a substantial amout
of flex?
Answer 4-50
Minnesota
2. North Dakota
3. South Dakota
1.
Question 5-10
 Describe a deciduous tree.
Answer 5-10
 A deciduous tree is a hard wood
tree that lose it’s leaves in the fall.
Question 5-20
 Describe Conifers trees.
Answer 5-20
 Conifers are softwood, evergreen
trees that have cones and needles
rather than leaves.
Question 5-30
 What dose forestry involve?
Answer 5-30
 “Forestry involves planting, caring
for, and harvesting trees.”
Question 5-40
 Name two products that are used for
shelter.
Answer 5-40
 Products used for shelter:
Plywood
Particle board
Veneer
Paper
Question 5-50
 About how many million acers are forest
land in the United States?
Answer 5-50
 “There are about 736 million acres
of forest land in the United States.”