A Step Back In Time

download report

Transcript A Step Back In Time

Ancient Greece
A Step Back In Time
Architecture
Art, method and style of
building.
Prehistoric Architecture
 Prehistoric buildings were usually one
room houses.
 Then people put in a wall to make two
rooms. One room was for sleeping.
The other room was for family
activities.
 The houses were very small.
Grecian Architecture
 The Greeks wanted bigger houses.
 The Grecian homes had a living room,
several bedrooms, a kitchen, a
bathing room, a men’s dining room,
and a women’s sitting room.
 The rooms were built in a square
around a courtyard. The courtyard
had no roof.
How Do You Build a Bigger
House?
 The Greeks had to find a way to
support their bigger houses.
 To build a bigger house the
prehistoric way would have meant the
house would have fallen down.
 The Greeks used columns to support
their houses.
Columns?
 A column was a huge stick that held
the roof up.
 The first columns were made of
wood.
 The Greeks ran out of wood.
 They had a lot of rock, so they used
rock instead of wood.
Marble
 Marble is a kind of rock.
 It comes in many colors and is
beautiful.
 There was a lot of marble in Greece.
 Most of it was a creamy white color.
 Many Grecian buildings are made of
marble.
Schools of Architecture
There were three schools of Grecian
architecture.
 Doric
 Ionic
 Corinthian
Doric Columns
The top of the
columns are a
square block.
Under the block is
a rounded piece.
The columns are
thick.
The base is a
square block.
Doric
 This is a drawing of a
Doric column.
 Notice the square
block at the top.
 Notice the rounded
piece under the block.
 The column is thick.
 The base is made of a
square block.
Doric
 This drawing shows
how the Doric column
was used.
 The columns hold up
the roof.
 The roof line was very
fancy.
 The top of the column
is called the capital.
Doric Colonnade in Zeus’
Palace
The capitals were very large.
Doric Columns in the
Parthenon
Doric Columns Today
The Lincoln Memorial in
Washington, D.C.
Doric Columns Today
Old Supreme Court
Chamber
Ionic
Ionic Columns
The Ionic Column
was invented next.
The Ionic capital
looks like a scroll.
The Ionic column is
skinnier.
The base has a
rounded and a
square section.
Ionic
 This is a drawing of an
Ionic column.
 Notice the capital is
shaped like a scroll.
 Notice the column is
skinnier.
 This base is square.
 Many times the bases
were fancier.
Ionic
 This drawing shows
how the Ionic column
was used.
 The columns hold up
the roof.
 The roof line was very
fancy.
 The capital looks like a
scroll.
 The base is layered.
Ionic Column in Athena’s
Temple
Ionic Columns Today
Thomas Jefferson
National Memorial
Ionic Columns Today
Salem City Hall
Corinthian
Corinthian Columns
 Corinthian columns
were the most
decorative.
 The capitals were
carved to look like
leaves.
 The columns were
the thinnest.
Corinthian Columns
 This is a drawing of a
Corinthian column.
 Notice the capital
looks like leaves and
flowers.
 The column is the
thinnest of all.
 The base is the
fanciest of all.
Corinthian
 This drawing shows
how the column was
used.
 The column holds up
the roof.
 The roof line had lots
of parts, but not so
much carving.
 The capital is very
fancy and so is the
base.
Corinthian Columns in Zeus’
Temple
Corinthian Columns in the
Olympeian
Corinthian Columns Today
Hall of Columns in the
Capital Building
Corinthian Columns Today
United States Supreme
Court Building
The Three Schools of
Grecian Architecture
UVA Uses All Three Columns
Thomas Jefferson used Doric, Ionic and
Corinthian columns to teach Grecian
architecture.