The direction of the magnetic field B at any location

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Transcript The direction of the magnetic field B at any location

Slide 1
Fig 29-CO, p.895
The direction of the magnetic field B at any location is the direction
in which a compass needle points at that location.
the magnetic field lines outside the magnet point away from north
poles and toward south poles.
Slide 2
 We can define a magnetic field B at some point in space in terms
of the magnetic force FB that the field exerts on a test object, for
which we use a charged particle moving with a velocity v.
 assuming that no electric (E) or
gravitational (g) fields are present at the
location of the test object.
Slide 3
• The magnitude FB of the magnetic force exerted on the particle is
proportional to the charge q and to the speed v of the particle
• The magnitude and direction of FB depend on the
velocity of the particle V and on the magnitude and
direction of the magnetic field B.
• When a charged particle moves parallel to the magnetic
field vector
(i.e., θ = 0) , the magnetic force acting on
the particle is zero.
• When the particle’s velocity vector makes any angle with
the magnetic field, the magnetic force acts in a direction
perpendicular to both v and B; FB is perpendicular to the
plane formed by v and B
Slide 4
• The magnetic force exerted on a positive
charge is in the direction opposite the direction
of the magnetic force exerted on a negative
charge moving in the same direction.
• The magnitude of the magnetic force exerted
on the moving particle is proportional to sin ,
where is the angle the particle’s velocity vector
makes with the direction of B.
We can summarize these observations by writing the
magnetic force in the form
Slide 5
Fig 29-3b, p.897
Slide 6
Slide 7
Fig 29-6, p.901
An electron in a television picture tube moves toward the front of the tube with a
speed of 8.0 x 106 m/s along the x axis. Surrounding the neck of the tube are
coils of wire that create a magnetic field of magnitude 0.025 T, directed
at an angle of 60° to the x axis and lying in the xy plane. Calculate the magnetic
force on and acceleration of the electron.
Slide 8
3- An electron moving along the positive x axis perpendicular to
a magnetic field experiences a magnetic deflection in the
negative y direction. What is the direction of the magnetic field?
Slide 9
5- A proton moves in a direction perpendicular to a uniform
magnetic field B at 1.0 x107 m/s and experiences an acceleration
of 2.0x1013 m/s2 in the + x direction when its velocity is in the +z
direction. Determine the magnitude and direction of the field.
Slide 10
If a magnetic force is exerted on a single charged particle when the particle moves
through a magnetic field, it should not surprise you that a current-carrying wire also
experiences a force when placed in a magnetic field.
the current is a collection of many charged particles in motion; hence, the resultant
force exerted by the field on the wire is the vector sum of the individual forces
exerted on all the charged particles making up the current.
The force exerted on the particles is transmitted to the wire when the particles
collide with
the atoms making up the wire.
Slide 11
Fig 29-7, p.901
Slide 12
Fig 29-7a, p.901
Slide 13
Fig 29-8, p.901
15- A wire having a mass per unit length of 0.500 g/cm carries a
2.00-A current horizontally to the south. What are the direction and
magnitude of the minimum magnetic field needed to lift this wire
vertically upward?
Slide 14
14- A conductor suspended by two flexible wires as shown in
Figure P29.16 has a mass per unit length of 0.040 0 kg/m. What
current must exist in the conductor for the tension in the
supporting wires to be zero when the
Magnetic field is 3.6T into the page ? what is
The requid direction for the current?
Slide 15
# The magnetic force acting on a charged particle moving in a magnetic
field is perpendicular to the velocity of the particle and consequently the
work done on the particle by the magnetic force is zero.
( W = F. S = F s c o s θ )
# Because FB always points toward the
center of the circle, it changes only the
direction of v and not its magnitude.
# the rotation is counterclockwise for a
positive charge. If q were negative, the
Slide 16
rotation would be clockwise.
The angular speed of the particle
The period of the motion T (the time that the particle takes to complete one
revolution) is equal to the circumference of the circle divided by the linear speed of
the particle:
Slide 17
A proton is moving in a circular orbit of radius 14 cm in a uniform 0.35-T
magnetic field perpendicular to the velocity of the proton. Find the linear
speed of the proton.
Slide 18
1- Velocity Selector:
Slide 19
Only those particles having speed v pass un-deflected through the mutually
perpendicular electric and magnetic fields. The magnetic force exerted on
particles moving at speeds greater than this is stronger than the electric
force, and the particles are deflected upward. Those moving at speeds less
than this are deflected downward.
Slide 20
Slide 21
Slide 22
Slide 23
Slide 24
Slide 25
Fig 29-20, p.909
Slide 26
Fig 29-21, p.910
Slide 27
Fig 29-22, p.910
Slide 28
Fig 29-23, p.911
Slide 29
Fig 29-23a, p.911
Slide 30
Fig 29-23b, p.911
Slide 31
Fig 29-24, p.911
Slide 32
Fig 29-25a, p.912
Slide 33
Fig 29-25b, p.912
Slide 34
Fig 29-26, p.912
Slide 35
Fig 29-27a, p.913
Slide 36
Fig 29-27b, p.913
Slide 37
Fig 29-28, p.914
Slide 38
Fig 29-29, p.915
Slide 39
Fig 29-29a, p.915
Slide 40
Fig 29-29b, p.915
Slide 41
Fig Q29-9, p.917
Slide 42
Fig P29-17, p.918
Slide 43
Fig P29-1, p.918
Slide 44
Fig P29-1a, p.918
Slide 45
Fig P29-1b, p.918
Slide 46
Fig P29-1c, p.918
Slide 47
Fig P29-1d, p.918
Slide 48
Fig P29-14, p.919
Slide 49
Fig P29-15, p.919
Slide 50
Fig P29-17, p.919
Slide 51
Fig P29-18, p.920
Slide 52
Fig P29-23, p.920
Slide 53
Fig P29-48, p.922
Slide 54
Fig P29-53, p.922
Slide 55
Fig P29-55, p.922
Slide 56
Fig P29-59, p.923
Slide 57
Fig P29-61, p.923
Slide 58
Fig P29-63, p.923
Slide 59
Fig P29-64, p.923
Slide 60
Fig P29-66, p.924
Slide 61
Fig P29-69, p.924
Slide 62
Table P29-70, p.924
Slide 63
Fig P29-71, p.924
Slide 64
Fig P29-72, p.925