5 Themes of Geo File - Galena Park ISD Moodle

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Transcript 5 Themes of Geo File - Galena Park ISD Moodle

The 5 Themes/Essential
Elements of Geography
By: Carrie McCaffrey
There are five themes/elements of
geography
1.Location: Answers the question -
“where is the place?”
~relative location: position of a place
compared to or in relation to another
place
~absolute location: The exact position
of a place on the earth – coordinates –
latitude & longitude in degrees
2.Place & Region: Answers the question
– “what is the place like?
~physical characteristcs: Describes what
features & characteristics give an area its
own identity or personality. (landforms,
climate, plants, animals)
~human characteristics: (language, religion,
architecture, music, politics, & way of life)
2.Regions: Answers the question – “How
is the similar or different than the
places around it?”
~places that share certain features in
common or similar characteristics
(dry areas,
coastal areas,
mountainous areas)
3.Human-Environmental
Relationships: Answers the question –
“How are people linked to their surrounding
environment?”
~The way people are changing, interacting, or
relating to the environment. (adding a body of
water, leveling land, cutting down trees, creating
hills, adding plants, polluting the air)
Can be good
or bad
4.Human Systems/Movement: Answers
the question – “How are the people linked
with other people in other places?”
~Migration: moving from one
Transportation
place to another – (culture, ideas)
~Transportation: how your
groceries get to your supermarket…they come
from other cities
~Communication: technology
allows us to communicate with
those faraway to help move ideas
Communication
5.Physical Systems:
Volcanoes, glaciers, &
hurricanes – how they interact & shape the
earth surface & what geographers analyze. They
look at ecosystems, or communities of plants
& animals that are dependent upon one another
& their particular surroundings for survival.
Themes /Essential Elements
of Geography
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Location (relative or absolute)
Place/Region
Human-Environment Interaction
Human Systems or Movement
Physical Systems
Fax Machines send messages &
information from Houston to the border
town of Brownsville.
Human Systems Movement
Themes /Essential Elements
of Geography
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Location (relative or absolute)
Place/Region
Human-Environment Interaction
Human Systems or Movement
Physical Systems
Concrete drainage ditches catch flood
water run-off from community streets
and sewers.
Human Environment Interaction
Themes /Essential Elements
of Geography
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Location (relative or absolute)
Place/Region
Human-Environment Interaction
Human Systems or Movement
Physical Systems
Shipley’s Donuts is on the corner of
Interstate 10 and Uvalde Road.
Relative Location
Themes /Essential Elements
of Geography
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Location (relative or absolute)
Place/Region
Human-Environment Interaction
Human Systems or Movement
Physical Systems
The salty surge water from Hurricane Ike
killed oak trees along Galveston streets.
Physical Systems
Themes /Essential Elements
of Geography
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Location (relative or absolute)
Place/Region
Human-Environment Interaction
Human Systems or Movement
Physical Systems
Wallpaper manufacturers fill orders for
stores throughout the United States.
Human Systems - Movement
Themes /Essential Elements
of Geography
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Location (relative or absolute)
Place/Region
Human-Environment Interaction
Human Systems or Movement
Physical Systems
East Texas has pine forests due to the
amount of annual precipitation it
receives.
Place/Region
Themes /Essential Elements
of Geography
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Location (relative or absolute)
Place/Region
Human-Environment Interaction
Human Systems or Movement
Physical Systems
Trees are planted along shorelines to
prevent the erosion of sand.
Human Environment Interaction
Themes /Essential Elements
of Geography
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Location (relative or absolute)
Place/Region
Human-Environment Interaction
Human Systems or Movement
Physical Systems
Lubbock Texas can found at 34 N and
102 W.
Absolute Location
Themes /Essential Elements
of Geography
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Location (relative or absolute)
Place/Region
Human-Environment Interaction
Human Systems or Movement
Physical Systems
San Antonio is a large city with a huge
population of Hispanic Americans.
Place/Region