Transcript Northern_Europe 2
NORTHERN EUROPE Norway Iceland United Kingdom Ireland Finland Sweden Match the Northern European countries! Denmark Northern Europe • Can be divided into two regions. 1. British Isles: - United Kingdom - Ireland 2. Scandinavian (Nordic) Countries: - Norway - Sweden - Denmark - Iceland - Finland Denmark Finland Iceland Norway Sweden UNITED KINGDOM • Includes: – England – Scotland – Wales • All on the island of Great Britain – Northern Ireland. • Thames River – most important river. • Climate = Marine West Coast • Two landform regions: 1.Lowland – Southern half 2. Highlands – North and West U.K. (CONT’D) • Great Britain was 1st to industrialize. • Constitutional Monarchy with Queen but Parliament is lawmaking branch of government. – Queen Elizabeth is a “figure head” (no real power…just for show) More on the United Kingdom •London is capital & largest city •Home to Buckingham Palace •(residence of British Monarch). REPUBLIC OF IRELAND •Called the “Emerald Isle” •Marine West Coast = Climate. •Government is a Parliamentary Democracy •19th Century: Famous potato famine = many Irish to emigrate to U.S. (Chicago & Boston) •Country produces dairy products, beef, poultry, potatoes, grains, & beer. •1/3 of people live in Dublin (capital). Irish Revamp their Resources • How? • Created PEAT BOGS! • Cut peat from large beds and burn it as fuel. • What is Peat? Partially decayed plant matter found in bogs Tower of London Royal Guard Castle in Wales SCANDINAVIA (NORDIC COUNTRIES) • Once the home of the Vikings. • People are urbanized and well educated. • All of the nations are Protestant (Lutheran) in religion. • Northernmost nation of Europe • Climate: – Marine West Coast • One of Europe’s most mountainous nations. • Most people live on coastal plain or shores of fjords – Steep U-shaped valleys that connect to the sea; filled w/seawater after glaciers melt • Europe’s leading fishing nation. • Oslo (capital) is home to more than ½ of the population. Polder: Land reclaimed by diking and draining. Fjords & Polders • Largest Scandinavian country – In both area and population • Four industries are forestry, farming, mining, and manufacturing. • Forests cover more than ½ of country. • Have some of the highest world taxes. (60% of paycheck) • Neutral foreign policy. Businesses of Sweden Other Activities of Scandinavia DENMARK • Smallest of the Nordic countries. • Most densely populated • 60% of land is used for agriculture. • Has one of the world’s highest per capita incomes. Tivoli Arch GREENLAND •Lies between the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. •Self-governing province of Denmark. •Thousands of feet of ice caps cover nearly 85% of the island. •Most of the people are Inuit. ICELAND • Europe’s westernmost nation. • Land of lava rock and more than 100 volcanoes. • More than 70% of income comes from fishing. • Home to geysers (hot springs that shoot hot water and steam into the air). • Little crime or unemployment. International Issues: Whaling The hunting of whales; dates back centuries FINLAND • Mainly a glaciated plain with about 50,000 lakes. • Only 10% of land is arable (good for farming). • Forests cover 60% of country (valuable resource).