Northern_Europe 2

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Transcript Northern_Europe 2

NORTHERN EUROPE
Norway
Iceland
United
Kingdom
Ireland
Finland
Sweden
Match the Northern
European countries!
Denmark
Northern Europe
• Can be divided into
two regions.
1. British Isles:
- United Kingdom
- Ireland
2. Scandinavian
(Nordic) Countries:
- Norway
- Sweden
- Denmark
- Iceland
- Finland
Denmark
Finland
Iceland
Norway
Sweden
UNITED KINGDOM
• Includes:
– England
– Scotland
– Wales
• All on the island of
Great Britain
– Northern Ireland.
• Thames River – most
important river.
• Climate = Marine West
Coast
• Two landform regions:
1.Lowland – Southern
half
2. Highlands – North
and West
U.K. (CONT’D)
• Great Britain was 1st
to industrialize.
• Constitutional
Monarchy with
Queen but Parliament
is lawmaking branch
of government.
– Queen Elizabeth is a
“figure head” (no real
power…just for show)
More on the United Kingdom
•London is capital & largest city
•Home to Buckingham Palace
•(residence of British Monarch).
REPUBLIC OF IRELAND
•Called the “Emerald Isle”
•Marine West Coast = Climate.
•Government is a Parliamentary Democracy
•19th Century: Famous potato famine = many
Irish to emigrate to U.S. (Chicago & Boston)
•Country produces dairy products, beef,
poultry, potatoes, grains, & beer.
•1/3 of people live in Dublin (capital).
Irish Revamp their Resources
• How?
• Created PEAT BOGS!
• Cut peat from large beds and burn it as
fuel.
• What is Peat? Partially decayed plant
matter found in bogs
Tower of London
Royal Guard
Castle in Wales
SCANDINAVIA (NORDIC
COUNTRIES)
• Once the home of
the Vikings.
• People are
urbanized and well
educated.
• All of the nations
are Protestant
(Lutheran) in
religion.
• Northernmost nation of
Europe
• Climate:
– Marine West Coast
• One of Europe’s most
mountainous nations.
• Most people live on
coastal plain or shores of
fjords
– Steep U-shaped valleys
that connect to the sea;
filled w/seawater after
glaciers melt
• Europe’s leading fishing
nation.
• Oslo (capital) is home to
more than ½ of the
population.
Polder: Land reclaimed
by diking and
draining.
Fjords & Polders
• Largest Scandinavian
country
– In both area and
population
• Four industries are
forestry, farming, mining,
and manufacturing.
• Forests cover more than
½ of country.
• Have some of the highest
world taxes. (60% of
paycheck)
• Neutral foreign policy.
Businesses of
Sweden
Other Activities of
Scandinavia
DENMARK
• Smallest of the Nordic
countries.
• Most densely
populated
• 60% of land is used
for agriculture.
• Has one of the
world’s highest per
capita incomes.
Tivoli Arch
GREENLAND
•Lies between the North Atlantic
and Arctic Oceans.
•Self-governing province of
Denmark.
•Thousands of feet of ice caps
cover nearly 85% of the island.
•Most of the people are Inuit.
ICELAND
• Europe’s westernmost
nation.
• Land of lava rock and
more than 100 volcanoes.
• More than 70% of
income comes from
fishing.
• Home to geysers (hot
springs that shoot hot
water and steam into the
air).
• Little crime or
unemployment.
International Issues: Whaling
The hunting of
whales; dates back
centuries
FINLAND
• Mainly a glaciated
plain with about
50,000 lakes.
• Only 10% of land is
arable (good for
farming).
• Forests cover 60% of
country (valuable
resource).