The Five Themes of Geography - Ellenboro Elementary School

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Transcript The Five Themes of Geography - Ellenboro Elementary School

The Five Themes of
Geography
How geographers look at the world
Why study geography?
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To understand more about the
changing world we live in
To learn more about the people and
cultures of the world so that we can
better understand each other
To look at the connection between
the earth and those who live on it
What are the Five Themes
of Geography?
 The ideas that geographers use to study
the world and the people that live in it.
 Using all five themes helps us to truly
understand the geography of a place
 The five themes are: location, place,
region, movement and human interaction
with the environment
Location
Asks the question: Where is it?
Here’s Madagascar!
We can use absolute
location, which uses a
system to find an exact spot
on the earth.
Examples: latitude and
longitude, address with zip
codes, GPS, map coordinates
We can use relative location,
which uses descriptions and
comparisons to find places on
the earth.
Example: I live in a brick house near
Toney’s Store off of Bostic/Sunshine
Highway.
Place
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Asks: What are the characteristics of
a location? What is the place like?
Describes what it is like there
For example, how would you describe
Sunshine School?
We can use physical features:
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Climate – temperature, rainfall
Landforms – plateaus, plains, rivers
Topography - elevation
Flora - plants
Fauna - animals
Resources – petroleum, gemstones, trees
We can use human characteristics
Such as population statistics, economic activities,
religion, language, government, traditions, etc.
Movement
How do people, goods and ideas get from
one place to another?
Examples of movement
► Trading
products between countries
► Migration of people to new areas
► Buying clothes over the internet
► Flying to California to visit your relatives
► Coming to school on the bus this morning
► Buying oranges that come from Florida
► Watching the news for new information
Human Environment Interaction
How do we use the earth? How
have we changed the earth?
How does the earth affect us?
Examples of Human Interaction
with the Environment
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Growing corn in fields
Mining iron ore from the earth
Building cities
Fishing on Lake James
Cars using gasoline and polluting the air
Natural Disasters destroying houses
Deforestation of the Rain Forest so that homes can be
built
Cold weather causing us to dress warmly
Region
How is this place similar to other
places?
Are there common characteristics
between places?
Examples of Regions
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New England
The Rocky Mountains
Latin America
The Southeast
Biomes such as desert, woodlands, etc.
Regions can share characteristics, culture, physical
features, language, temperature, etc.