ConfigerNSandService..

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Transcript ConfigerNSandService..

Configuring Network Services and
Protocols
Lecture 2
Windows Server 2003 Network
Architecture
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4 major components in networking: client, service,
protocol and adapter.
Server 2003 has 2 interfaces to make it easier for
developers to create clients, services, protocols and
adapter software: Network Device Interface
Specification (NDIS) and Transport Device Interface
(TDI).
NDIS
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Developers of network card drivers and protocols can
independently write code that communicates with
NDIS
Acts as intermediary for all communication between
protocol and network card driver
Bindings between protocols and adapters are
controlled by NDIS
A single adapter can be bounded to multiple
protocols and vise versa
TDI
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Transport Driver Interface
Provides clients and services with access to
network services
Emulates two network access methods:
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Network Basic Input/Output System (NetBIOS)
Windows Sockets (WinSock)
NetBIOS is the older network interface
WinSock is used by Internet Explorer, Outlook
Express, and other internet applications
Examples of some network
services
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Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
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Domain Name System (DNS)
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Windows Internet Naming System (WINS)
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Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS)
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Network Address Translation (NAT)
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Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)
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IP Security (IPSec)
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Internet Connection Firewall (ICF)
Examples of some network
protocols
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TCP/IP
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IPX/SPX
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AppleTalk
TCP/IP
TCP/IP became a standard protocol suite:
 Compatibility
 Scalability
 Heterogeneity
 Availability – open standards
TCP/IP basics
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IP address
Subnet mask
Default gateway
IPCONFIG
Static vs Dynamic Addressing
Static
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Addressing info doesn’t change –
“hard-coded”
Needs to be configured manually
Can’t be used by any other
device – “sharing” is not allowed
Easy to make a mistake when
entering
Labor-intensive to
change/update
Dynamic
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Addressing info can change
dynamically
Not configured manually
IP addresses can be “shared” –
IP address pool
Easy to make changes/updates
Avoid manual configurations and
errors
In Server 2003 it’s possible to specify alternate (static) IP
configuration to use if DHCP is not available
DHCP
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DHCP server is installed and address ranges
(pools) are configured
Clients are configured for dynamic addressing
IP information is “leased”
Newer clients (XP, Vista) that are unable to contact a DHCP
server generate an APIPA address in the 169.254.0.0/16
network. As an alternative, a client can be confgured to use an
alternate IP configuration.
DNS
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WINS is outdated – only older OS clients require it
(WinNT or 98)
DNS is the industry standard way to resolve names to
IP addresses
DNS requires planning and configuration – forward
and reverse lookup zones
Clients need to be configured to point to DNS
server(s). This can be accomplished through DHCP
Multiple DNS servers with zone replication can be
configured for fault-tolerance and performance
improvement
DNS
DNS
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Make sure to review and understand all
relevant DNS concepts, such as forward
and reverse resolution, types of records
and DNS caching.
DNS and DHCP integration
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DHCP can be configured to register
clients with Dynamic DNS.
TCP/IP tools
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Ping
Tracert
Nslookup
Ipconfig