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Experiences with the Windows 2000
Remote Installation Services
Reinhard Baltrusch
RIS - What is it ?
The Remote Installation Services (RIS) are elements
of the Windows 2000 IntelliMirror management
technologies. They make it easier to perform a
Windows 2000 Professional installation over the
network. With RIS it is not only possible to
produce installation images out of the original
setup files, in addition you can make an image of
a ready configured workstation with all the
installed applications on it. This kind of images
can be used for the recovery and for the cloning
of specific installations.
Requirements for using RIS
Pre-Boot eXecution Environment (PXE):
– Client network adapter with PXE-based boot ROM
– Client network adapter supported by RIS boot floppy disk
– must be authorized in the Active Directory
– can be installed on the same server like RIS
Active Directory (Domain Controller):
– prestaging clients
– more than 2 GB diskspace on a NTFS-formated, non-system
RIS-Server Components - Services
Boot Information Negotiation Layer (BINL)
– answering PXE-clients requests, verify credentials against
Active Directory, applying policy and configuration settings to
the client
Trivial File Transfer Protocol Daemon (TFTPD)
– used to download the bootloader and the screens of the
Client Installation wizard (CIW)
Single Instance Store (SIS)
– SIS filter driver
– SIS Groveler
– linking file duplicates to reduce required disk space on the
volume used for storing RIS installation images
RIS-Server Components - Tools
Remote Installation Preparation Wizard (RiPrep.exe)
– to produce an installation image complete with operating system
configurations, desktop customizations, and locally installed
Remote Boot Floppy Disk Generator (Rbfg.exe)
– to gernerate a disk with PXE-emulator for some non PXE network
Client Installation Wizard (OSChooser)
– different editable screens in OSCML-format (HTML 2.0 like)
Client Installation Wizard – Welcome.osc
Remote OS installation (CD-based image)
– slipstreamed Service Pack/Hotfixes
– using different unattended answer files for the same image
– integrating new drivers (OEM-folder)
Remote OS installation (machine-based image)
– with different applications
– special configurations for the organization
Remote BIOS-update installation
 Remote Virusscan
 Remote Recover etc.
Related Tools
RIS Menu Editor (3COM)
– publishing tools for managing
and troubleshooting
SetupManager (MS)
– generate RIS specific
unattend answer files
Our Situation at DESY
RIS and DHCP on the same Server
 Clients started with PreBoot-Floppy
 Non Microsoft-DDNS-Server (Bind 8.xx)
 at least english and german OS-version are
necessary, other languages optional
(multilanguage version ?)
 DHCP only for the the start process of the client,
after installation the client get another IP-address
 if RIS is suitable for DESY more than one server is
needed for loadbalancing and redundancy
RIS Configuration – New Clients
RIS Configuration - Images
RIS Configuration - Prestaging
Group Policy Configuration
DHCP Configuration - Bootfile
Advantages of using RIS
good methode for a first rollout
quick changes of configuration possible
machine specifc installation images are using the
files of the cd-based standard images
automatic SID changing, sysprep is not needed
Disadvantages of using RIS
ISA- and PCMCIA-network adapter not supported
only one partition possible, the whole harddisk
will be formated at the beginning of installation
server versions are not installable over RIS
Remote Installation not as quick as other imaging
programs like Powerquest DiskImage or Norton
Related Documents
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Deployment Planning Guide, Chapter 25,
Microsoft Press 2000.
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Administrator‘s Companion, Chapter 24,
Microsoft Press 2000.
Microsoft Windows 2000 TCP/IP Protocols and Services Technical Reference,
Chapter 15, Microsoft Press 2000.
Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Resource Kit, Chapter 5, Microsoft Press
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server TCP/IP Core Networking Guide, Chapter 4,
Microsoft Press 2000.
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Distributed Systems Guide, Chapter 24,
Microsoft Press 2000.
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server: Technical Guide to Remote Installation
Services, White Paper Microsoft.