Chapter 19 - Why The Internet Works Well

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Transcript Chapter 19 - Why The Internet Works Well

Chapter 19 - Why The Internet Works Well
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Introduction
The Internet Works Well
Open System (non-proprietary)
IP Provides Flexibility [uses "layered protocol"
approach]
– The Internet Protocol accommodates many types of
hardware because it makes almost no assumptions
about the underlying network hardware.
– Because TCP/IP standards documents specify the exact
way to send IP datagrams on a given type of network,
computers and routers from multiple vendors always
agree on the details.
Chapter 19 - Why The Internet Works Well
• TCP Provides Reliability
– Because it constantly monitors conditions on the
Internet and automatically adapts, TCP makes reliable
communication possible even when the Internet
experiences temporary congestion.
• TCP/IP Software Was Engineered For Efficiency
• TCP/IP Research Emphasized Practical Results
Chapter 19 - Why The Internet Works Well
• The Formula For Success
– TCP/IP protocol software and the Internet were
designed by talented, dedicated people.
– The Internet was a dream that inspired and challenged
the research team.
– Researchers were allowed to experiment, even when
there was no short-term economic payoff. Indeed,
Internet research often used new, innovative
technologies that were expensive compared to existing
technologies.
– Instead of dreaming about a system that solved all
problems, researchers built the Internet to operate
efficiently.
Chapter 19 - Why The Internet Works Well
– Researchers insisted that each part of the Internet work
well in practice before they adopted it as a standard.
– Internet technology solves an important, practical
problem, the problem occurs whenever an organization
has multiple networks.
• Terms
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OSI Model
TCP/IP standards documents
rough consensus and working code
– Open System