Theme Notes

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Transcript Theme Notes

Ancient Greece
• Theme: Geography
• Theme: Economics
• Theme: Politics
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Slide 1
Slide 2
Slide 3
Slide 4
Slide 5
•Theme: Religion
•Theme: Society & Culture
-Slide 1
-Slide2
•Theme: Science & Tech.
-Slide 1
-Slide 2
Theme: Geography
I.
Greece
A.
B.
C.
D.
rocky, mountainous land
surrounded by water (peninsula)
many islands
few flat areas for farmland
2R
Theme: Economics
I.
3R
Trading
A.
B.
Early traders: Minoans and Mycenaeans
Traded wood, olive oil & pottery for copper,
gold, silver and jewels
C. Traded for food products they needed
D. Trading helped them learn new ideas from
other cultures
4R
Theme: Politics
Oligarchy
Benefits
More than one
person ruling
Free men were
citizens
Drawbacks
Only a few rich
landowners
(aristocrats) ran the
city’s economy
($$$), were generals
& judges
Common people
had little say
4R
Theme: Politics
Tyranny
Benefits
Overthrew the
oligarchy
Good leaders with
strong armies & support
people
Tyrants seized power
to reform laws, aid the
poor, and cancel debts
Drawbacks
Tyrant held power
through use of force
Common people had
little say
Some tyrants became
harsh & greedy & were
overthrown
4R
Theme: Politics
Athenian Democracy
Benefits
All citizens have a say in
government
All citizens have the right to
express opinions
Power of nobles is limited
Drawbacks
Women, slaves, and foreigners
have no say in government
Difficult to make decisions with so
many people
Sometimes citizens were forced to
attend assembly
Direct Democracy (Athens) – each & every citizen
debated & voted on every issue, created & enforced laws, &
were judges.
Representative Democracy (United States) –
citizens elect representatives to debate & vote on issues,
create & enforce laws, & be judges.
Theme: Politics
4R
I. The Persian Wars
A.
B.
C.
Series of wars between Persia and Greece
The Persian army was strong and well organized
Greeks won because they had better weapons and
clever leaders.
II. The Peloponnesian War
A. Sparta declared war to stop Athens’ growth
B. Greek cities feared Athens would control Greece
C. Sparta defeats Athens and becomes the most
powerful city-state in Greece
Theme: Politics
4R
III. Alexander the Great
A. Brilliant commander
B. The Egyptians surrendered without a fight and
crowned Alexander pharaoh
C. Becomes ruler of what had been the Persian Empire
D. After crossing the Indus River his exhausted troops
refused to fight any more
E. Alexander admired and enjoyed Greek culture and
ideas so much that he spread them throughout his
empire
Theme: Religion
I.
Greek Gods
A.
B.
Myths used to explain events like thunder,
earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions
Gods center of Greek myths
5R
Theme: Society and Culture
I.
Classical Age
A. Polis – small city-state
B. City-state – foundation of civilization
1. Gave people an identity
2. People participated in economy &
government
3. People thought of themselves as
residents of the city-state, not as Greeks
6R
Theme: Society & Culture
II.
Sparta
A.
Society dominated by the military
B.
Military power provided security and
protection for their city
C.
Boys were trained from an early age to be
soldiers
D.
Spartan woman had more rights than other
Greek women
III. Athens
A.
Valued education, clear thinking and arts
B.
Athenian women had few rights
6R
7R
Theme: Science and Technology
I.
Greek writers produced
A.
Epic poems
1. Iliad and Odyssey by Homer
B.
Romantic poetry
C.
Famous stories
D. Lyric poetry (poems set to music)
E.
Fables
Theme: Science & Technology
II.
7R
Philosophers
A.
Believed in the power of the human mind to think,
explain, and understand life
1. Socrates – taught by asking questions
2. Plato – created the Academy
3. Aristotle – taught that people should live lives of
moderation, or balance
The many achievements of ancient Greece
were important because they shaped
Western civilization