Transcript Athenian Democracy
Aim: How did Athens evolve into a democracy? Do Now: 1. In every day life, who imposes rules or laws on individuals? 2. What might be the benefits of these laws? I. Direct Democracy How is a direct democracy different from a representative government? A. Differences 1. Direct-citizens argue and vote on issues and policies. 2. Representative- voters select representatives to argue, write, and vote on issues and policies. B. Athens In the U.S., we often think of Washington D.C. as the “beltway” or “them,” how was Athens different? How were politicians selected? Athenian citizens referred to their government as “us.” Politicians or public officials were randomly selected and not voted in by citizens. C. Political Stability Professional politicians or amateur-which works better? How might voting in a direct democracy cause instability? 1. Unstable-laws can be accepted one week and then the following week removed. 2. Many politicians were not educated well enough 3. No Constitution-checks D. Citizens 1. Born-Athenian father and mother. 2. Male II. Democracy begins What did Solon do that gave him the title the father of democracy? A. Solon 594 B.C. Created the Council of 400 to screen laws going through the Assembly. Protected the rights of Athenians. What changes did Cleisthenes do that made democracy work better? B. Cleisthenes 1. Made the Council geographically Balanced. 2. 5o members chosen from 10 areas to prepare laws. 3. Empowered the Assembly-first 6000 citizens would vote on actions. 4. Ostracism-vote once a year to exile someone who threatened democracy.