WWI*s Peace

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Transcript WWI*s Peace

WWI’s Peace
Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points, The Treaty of Versailles and its
Legacy
Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points
• Wilson’s plan for world
peace.
• No secret treaties.
• Freedom of the seas.
• Tariffs should be lowered
or abolished/free trade
• Arms should be reduced to
lesson militarism
• Take into account interests
of colonies.
• Boundary changes based
on nationality and selfdetermination.
• The League of Nations.
The Allies Reject Wilson’s Plan
• The Allies rejected
Wilson’s plan for
peace because they
wanted to make
Germany pay.
• Wilson was fine with
only having the
League of Nations as
part of the peace
plan.
The Treaty of Versailles
• The peace treaty that ended
WWI
• Only the Big Four were
present
• The Allies
• The Central Powers were not
invited!!!
• It established nine new
nations.
• Demilitarization of Germany.
• Germany had to pay
reparations, or money, to the
Allies
• 33 Billion dollars.
• Germany had to acknowledge
blame for WWI
• The War Guilt Clause.
The Treaty’s Weaknesses
• The treatment of
Germany.
• Made a lasting peace
impossible
• 3 basic weaknesses,
which led to WWII.
• Humiliation of Germany
• Russia was left out of
the treaty and lost a lot
of territory.
• Germany last its
colonies, which made it
more difficult to pay
back its war reparations
U.S. Opposition to the Treaty
• The United States
people did not want
the U.S. to be
involved in European
affairs.
• The United States did
not want to be in the
League of Nations.
• The U.S. did not ratify
the treaty.