Transcript WW1 Ends
The Great War Comes to an End Committee on Public Information (CPI) First American propaganda agency. Main goal was to popularize the war; published pamphlets, ads, and films. Spread anti-German sentiment Teaching of the German language in schools was outlawed. Sauerkraut became known as “liberty cabbage” Saloonkeppers removed pretzels from the bar America Restricts Free Speech Espionage and Sedition Acts (1918) Harsh penalties (fine of up to $10,000 and sentenced to 20 years in jail) for interfering with the war effort or saying anything disloyal, profane, or abusive about the government. Targeted socialists and labor leaders. Wilson’s Fourteen Points Woodrow Wilson’s plan for peace. 1-5: Preventing another war 6-13: Boundary changes 14: Called for a League of Nations http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/woodr ow_wilson1.htm Treaty of Versailles (1919) Broke up the Ottoman Empire and AustriaHungary. Created nine new nations Germany is burdened with the War-Guilt Clause Banned from having a military. Owed about $33 billion to the Allies. Weaknesses of the Treaty Too tough on Germany (war-guilt clause) They owed billions but they had been stripped of colonies in the Pacific that may have helped them pay their bills. Russia loses more territory than Germany Establishes hard feelings between Russia and the West. Ignored claims of colonized people for selfgovernment. The Treaty’s flaws were serious enough that it would eventually lead to World War II. League of Nations U.S. never joined Did not want to give up power to an international organization. The League suffered from a lack of credibility due to the absence of the U.S. Failed to prevent WWII and was replaced by the United Nations in 1945. WWI Helps the U.S. Economy WWI accelerated America’s emergence as the world’s greatest industrial power. U.S. is able to produce massive amounts of war supplies. U.S. becomes a creditor nation; foreign governments owed the U.S. more than $10 billion.