2 Specific discussions of the meridians and acupoints 2.1 The

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Transcript 2 Specific discussions of the meridians and acupoints 2.1 The

2 Specific discussions of the meridians and
acupoints
2.1 The twelve meridians
Lung meridian of hand-taiyin
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1.the course of the meridian
the lung meridian of hand-taiyin (1)originates from the
middle energizer, running downward to connect with
the large intestine. (2)Winding back, it goes along the
upper orifice of the stomach, (3)passes through the
diaphragm, (4)and enters the lung, its pertaining
organ..(5) From the lung system, which refers to the
portion of the lung communicating with the throat, it
comes out transversely.(6)Descending along the radial
border of the medial aspect of the upper arm, 7)it
reaches the cubital fossa..(8)Then goes continuously
downward along the anterior border of the radial side
in the medial aspect of the forearm.
(9)and enters cunkou.(10)Passing the thenar
eminence, (11)and going along its radial border, it
ends at the medial side of the tip of the thumb.
.
The branch proximal to the wrist
(LU7)emerges and runs directly to the radial side
of the tip of the index finger and ends at the
medial side of the tip of the index finger where it
links with the large intestine meridian.
 2.Associated viscera.. Lung, large intestine,
stomach and middle energizer.
 3.Associated organs: Trachea and throat.
 4.Principal indications:Disorders of the chest ,lung,
throat and the regions the meridian running by.
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Pericardium meridian of hand-jueyin
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1.the course of the meridian
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(1)The pericardium meridian originates from the chest .Emerging ,it
enters its pertaining organ the pericardium.(2)Then it descends through
the diaphragm)to the abdomen, (4) connecting successively with the
upper , middle and lower energizers.
(4)A branch arising from the chest runs inside the chest , (5)emerges
from the costal region at a point 3 cun below the anterior axillary fold
(PC1 tianchi) (6) and ascends to the axilla . (7)Following the medial
aspect of the upper arm, it runs between the Lung meridian of HandTaiyin and the Heart meridianof Hand-Shaoyin (8)to the cubital fossa,
(9)further downwards to the forearm between the tendons of m.
palmaris longus and m. flexor carpi radialis, (10) entering the
palm.(11)From there it passes along the middle finger right down to its
tip .
(12)Another branch arises from the palm and runs along the ring
finger to its tip and links with the triple energizer meridian .
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2.Associated viscera: Pericardium and
triple energizer.
 3.principal indications: Diseases of the
heart ,chest and the stomach ,mental
diseases as well as diseases involving the
regions the meridian running by.
Heart meridian of hand-shaoyin
1. The course of the meridian (1)The heart meridian
orginates from the heart. It emerges and spreads over
the heart system( (2)It passes through the diaphragm
to connect with the small intestine . (3)The branch from
the heart system (4)) runs alongside the esophagus
(5 )to connect with the “ eye system”(the tissues
connecting the eyes with the brain). (6) The straight
portion of the meridian from the heart system goes
upwards to the lung . Then it turns downward and
emerges from the axilla . (7) From there it goes along
the posterior border of the medial aspect of the upper
arm (8) and down to the cubital fossa . Then it descends
along the posterior border of the medial aspect of the
forearm . (9) to the pisiform region proximal to the
palm (10) and enters the palm (11) Then it follows the
medial aspect of the little finger to its tip and links with
the small intestine meridian.
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2.Associated viscera: Heart , small
intestine and lung .
 3.Associated organs : Eye system,
tongue ,throat and larynx.
 4.principal indications:Diseases of the
heart ,chest and the mental diseases as
well as diseases involving the regions the
meridian running by.
Large intestine meridian of hand-yangming
The course of the meridian:
(1)The large intestine meridian starts from the tip of the index finger(LI1
shangyang). (2)It rums upward along the radial side of the index
finger and passes through the interspace of the first and second
metacarpal bones(LI4hegu), in enters into the depression between
the tendons of m.extensor pollicies longus and brevis .(3)Following
the lateral anterior aspect of the forearm, (4)it reaches the lateral side
of the elbow (5)where it ascends along the lateral anterior aspect of
the upper arm (6)to the highest point of the shoulder(LI15jianyu).
(7)Along the anterior border of the acromion, (8)it goes up to the
seventh cervical vertebral(the confluence of the three yang meridians
of the hand and foot) (9)and descends to the supraclavicular fossa
(10)to connect withits corresponding zang-fu_ the lung. (11)It then
passes through the diaphragm (12)and enters the large intestine ,its
pertaining organ. (13)The branch from the supraclavicular fossa runs
upward to the neck ,(14) passes through the cheek (15)and enters the
lower gums. (16)Then it turns back to the upper lip and crosses the
opposite meridian at philtrum .from there,the left meridian goes to
the right and the right meridian to the left ,to the contralateral sides
of the nose(yingxiang LI20), where the large intestine meridian
connect with the stomach meridian .
1.
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2.Associated viscera: large intestine and
lung
 3.Associated organs : mouth ,lower teeth
and nose.
 4.principal indications:disorders of the
mouth ,teeth,nose and throatas well as
diseases involving the lateral border off
the upper limbs, anterior part of the
shoulder and neck.
Triple energizer meridian of hand-shaoyang
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(1)The triple energizer meridian originates from the tip of the
ring finger (2)and runs upward between the fourth and fifth
metacarpal bones(3) along the dorsal aspect of the wrist (4)to
the lateral aspect of the forearm between the radius and ulna .
(5)Then it passes through the olecranon (6)along the lateral
aspect of the upper arm (7)and reaches the shoulder region.
(8)It moves forward into the supraclavicular fossa (9)and
spreads in the chest to connect with the pericardium . (10)Then
it descends through the diaphragm down to the abdomen to join
the upper , middle and lower energizers .
(11)A branch originates from the chest (12)and emerges from
the supraclavicular fossa.(13) From there it ascends to the neck
(14)and runs along the posterior border of the ear (15)and to the
corner of the anterior hairline . (16)Then it turns down-ward to
join the other branch at the cheek and terminates in the
infraorbital region .
(17)The other branch arises from the retroauricular region and
enters the ear. Then it emerges in front of the ear , crosses the
previous branch at the cheek (18)and reaches the outer canthus
to link with the gallbladder meridian .
2.Associated viscera : Triple energizer
and pericardium .
 3.Associated organs : Eyes and ears .
 4.principal indications:disorders of the
sidea of the head,ears,eyes and throat as
well as diseases involving the regions
through which the meridian runs.

Small intestine meridian of hand-taiyang
(1)The small intestine meridian starts from the ulnar side of the tip
of the little finger . (2)Following the ulnar side of the dorsum of
the hand , it reaches the wrist where it emerges from the styloid
process of the ulna. (3)From there it ascends along the posterior
aspect of the forearm, passes between the olecranon of the ulna
and the medial epicondyle of the humerus , (4)and runs along
the posterior border of the lateral aspect of the upper arm (5)to
the shoulder joint . (6)Circling around the scapular region, (7)it
converges over the shoulder (8)and then turns downward to the
supra-clavicular fossa(9) to connect with the heart. (10)From
there it descends along the esophagus,(11) passes through the
diaphragm , (12)reaches the stomach , (13)and finally enters the
small intestine .
 (14)The branch from the supraclavicular fossa (15)ascends to
the neck , (16)and further to the cheek . (17)Then it reaches the
outer canthus (18)and enters the ear.
 (19)The other branch from the cheeks runs upward to the
infraorbital region and further to the lateral side of the nose and
inner canthus to connect with the bladder meridian.
2.Associated viscera : small intestine
and stomach
 3.Associated : throat,ears ,nose and
eyes .
 4.principal indications:disorders of the
organs on the face and throat ,febrile
diseases and pathological changes of the
lateral side of the upper limbs, scapula
and neck..
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