End of WWI

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Transcript End of WWI

End of WWI
Cost of War Fare
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November 11, 1918: Armistice
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Agreement to end fighting, like a treaty
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Human casualties of 8.5 million
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17 million wounded
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Factories, homes, buildings destroyed
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Nations had tremendous war debts to repay
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Took out huge loans, sold bonds to finance
Tripe Entente (Allies) Deaths
Triple Alliance (Central) Deaths
Treaty of Versailles
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The “Big Three” drew up the treaty
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David Lloyd George (representing GB)
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Georges Clemenceau (France)
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Woodrow Wilson (U.S.)
Treaty of Versailles
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The Allies blamed Germany for the start of and severity of
the war
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Why?
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Militarism (building up armaments which created tension)
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Trigger Happy
Declaring war on Russia was seen as unnecessary
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Conflict between Austria/Hungary and Serbia could have been
contained to Balkan region
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Russia was not intended to launch full war on Austria/Hungary – only
support Serbia with money and arms. When Germany declared war,
then a true war was launched…
Treaty of Versailles
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Written at the Paris Peace Conference
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Boundaries/sovereignty restored and created
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Germany had to pay 33 billion dollars in reparations
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German military given size limitations
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Because of militarism
Took away Germanys overseas territories
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Because of imperialism
Additional results of war….
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Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points
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Blueprint for peace negotiations
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Included ideas of freedom of the seas, open trade, removal of
economic barriers
League of Nations
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Included 40 nations
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These nations agreed to negotiate disputes rather than resort to
war
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U.S. refused to join the League (did not want to commit to being
involved in European tensions)
Before….
After….
Results that will haunt….
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Germans are extremely upset with Treaty of Versailles
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They were exceptionally nationalistic

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Economy was destroyed

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Felt like a little kid getting spanked. Didn’t think it was justified.
Had to pay such big reparations, they had no money to rebuild
themselves
No one helped them rebuild
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No one helped them. They felt isolated – no one cares
What will happen…
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Sense of German unity (why us? We need to band together! Help each other
because no one else will help us! Long live Germany! We will survive!)
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Will lead to Fascism (right wing, conservative – go back to traditional ways –
reactionary!)
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They need a strong leader. Someone to help life their spirits, rebuild their
country and their economy, someone who can punish those who have harmed
us…..
Adolf Hitler
Activity
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Read Wilson’s 14 Points on page 52
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For each point identify if you believe they will work or not. Support your
inference with past historical evidence
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If history repeats itself, identify when it first happened
Exit Ticket
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What terms were present in the Treaty of Versailles?
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What is an armistice?
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Germany had to pay huge reparations, lost colonies, military
downsized
Agreement to end fighting
Why did the U.S. Not join the league of nations?
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Did not want to commit to involvement in European problems