What is this made up of? An Introduction to CELLS An Introduction to Cells Plants Animals building blocks Cells are Building Blocks CELLS Humans CELLS A cell is the smallest unit of living matter. Cells contain all the chemicals and molecules necessary to keep an organism alive. What is a cell? Take these items out from your pencil case. What functions do they serve? Are their functions interchangeable? Activity CELLS Similarly, we have different types of cells in our bodies. These many different kinds of cells have different functions. Cell Types WHAT IS INSIDE A CELL? Organelles: are organised or specialised structures within a living cell, each with a unique function, What is inside a cell? ANIMAL CELL CITY Ribosome Factory Lysosome Recycling facility Creates new proteins required for the cell Nucleus City Hall Breaks down worn out cell components and reuses materials Golgi complex Post office Controls the activities of the cell Mitochondrion POWER STATION Packs and transports proteins to various parts of the cell Produces energy for use by the cell from glucose Cytoplasm Environment Cell membrane City POLICE Inner space of the cell Allows particles to move in/out of the cell Cell City: Animal Endoplasmic reticulum Transport system Provides a network to move stuff to the cell membrane and back PLANT CELL CITY Golgi body Post office Vacuole Lysosome Water plant Recycling Stores water for the plant to use Facility Breaks downCell wornWall out cell components and reuse materials City Wall Packs and transports proteins to various parts of the cell Chloroplast SOLAR POWER PLANT Structural support for the cell Site where photosynthesis takes place Endoplasmic reticulum Transport system Provides a network to move stuff to the cell membrane and back Cell membrane City POLICE Allows particles to move in/out of cell Nucleus City Hall Controls the activities of the cell Cytoplasm Environment Inner space of the cell Ribosome Factory Creates new proteins required for the cell Cell City: Animal Mitochondrion POWER STATION Produces energy for use by the cell from glucose Animal vs. Plant Cells Can You Haiku the Organelles?