Presentation-11

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GUJARAT’S EXPERIENCE OF COORDINATED CLIMATE
CHANGE ACTION AT SUB-NATIONAL LEVEL FOR
ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION PROJECTS
A COP-22 Technical Paper
Sustainable Lifestyle = Positive Climate Action
www.indiaatcop22.org
Immediate Challenges
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Gujarat contributes to 16% of industrial and 12% of agricultural production in India,
despite having only 5% of the country’s population and 6% of its geographical area
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Key climate change challenges facing the state include:
 Extreme heat - Unusual, unprecedented and frequent spells of hot weather
 Erratic rainfall, increased incidence of droughts and floods, water
insecurity
 Sea-level rise - Saltwater intrusion in the coastal areas, impacting
agriculture, degrading groundwater quality and contaminating drinking
water
 Agricultural and food insecurity - Water-related issues threaten crop
yields, jeopardizing food security
 Energy insecurity - Changes in river flow patterns are a challenge to
hydropower plants and decrease in water supply and increase in heat pose
risks to thermal power
 Adverse effects of climate change on health
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Strategy
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Gujarat’s Climate Change Department (established 2009) –
first ever dedicated government department for climate
change aimed at:
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Creating core competencies within departments
Generating strategic knowledge on climate change
Enabling a low-carbon pathway for Gujarat
Mitigation of GHG emissions
Empowering communities for decentralized action
Creating public awareness on climate change
State government has undertaken unique mitigation and
adaptation initiatives that contribute to India’s climate change
commitments and SDGs
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Mitigation Initiatives
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Demonstrated leadership in solar energy:
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Potential for installing 10 GW of solar power with 0.1% of land mass
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Established Asia’s first solar park of 2024 ha in Charanka, with capacity of 345 MW
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Introduced novel concept of canal-based solar power
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Model solar city (blueprint for sustainable city) - Gandhinagar
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Scheme for domestic rooftop PV cell
Wind energy investment:
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Installed capacity of 35000 MW
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Commissioned capacity of 3542 MW, yielding in 5.7 million tonne of CO2 emissions reduction
Bio-energy power generation:
 Three biomass-based electricity generation projects of 10 MW capacity
 One 1.2 MW biomass gasification project
Other initiatives:
Energy conservation:
Ahmedabad’s bus
 Transmission losses reduction via Jyotigram Yojana
rapid transit
 First state to implement energy efficiency in agriculture pumping
system, certified
 Centralized lighting load-energy savers in streetlights
emissions
 Installation of LED tubelights in schools
reductions (CERs)
 Energy conservation awareness and training programmes for energy auditors
 Demonstration of energy-efficient industry technologies
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Adaptation Initiatives
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Heat action plan (first of its kind in India):
 Building public awareness and outreach
 Developing early-warning systems and inter-agency coordination
 Capacity-building among healthcare professionals
 Reducing heat exposure and promoting adaptive measures
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State-wide drinking water grid:
 Sustainable source of safe drinking water across 11307 villages and 171 towns
 Reduces tubewell pumping, saving 87.02 mega units of electricity and emissions by 19405 tCO2
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Sagar Khedu Sarvangi Vikas Yojana:
 Multi-dimensional development packages for coastal communities catering to 38 talukas and 13 districts
 Narmada Water Resources and Kalpasar department - Check dams, tidal regulators, recharge tanks,
spreading channels, anti-sea erosion works and irrigation schemes
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Sardar Sarovar Project:
 Hydropower installed capacity of 1450 MW
 Supplies drinking water to 29 million people
 Canal network of 75000 km
Other initiatives:
Irrigation efficiency
increase
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Way Ahead
Gujarat State Action Plan on Climate Change’s vision:
To build a sustainable and climate resilient future for the people of Gujarat and enabling a low carbon pathway
for Gujarat’s economic growth that would meet people’s aspirations with equity and inclusiveness
Recognizing and
mobilizing women as
key agents of climate
change adaptation
Increasing public
participation in climate
action programme
Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s exhortation –
The earth can satisfy our needs, but not our
greed – Gujarat endeavors to promote
sustainable processes and lifestyles across the
state and the world
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