musical instruments and Indian folk dances - Do-Re

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Transcript musical instruments and Indian folk dances - Do-Re

Smt.Sulochanadevi.Singhania School
Presents
“
Sangeet Sadhana”
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS OF
INDIA
• There are at least 500 known musical
instruments used in classical, folk, tribal
music.
• They are classified into 4 categories.
Musical Instruments
• Tantu Vadya {chordophones}
Bow shaped, stringed instruments
played by either plucking or bowing by
hands or plectrum.
• Sushir Vadya {aerophones}
Hollow tubes, with/without appendages,
produce sound by the vibration of air
columns.
• Avanaddha Vadya {membranophones}
Hollow drums covered with skin used
as rhythmic accompaniment.
• Ghana Vadya {idiophones}
Rhythm beaters, from which sound can
be elicited, played by banging.
Tantu Vadya {chordophones}
VEENA
VEENA
• The Veena is a long neck lute made up of
wood.It has 24 frets made up of metal &
they are cast in a bed of wax. There are 4
metal strings run across to bridges made
of bones which have metal surface. It also
2 big resonators & 3 drone strings. It is
played by plucking the strings. It is used in
“Carnatic Classical” music as a “Solo”
instrument. It is also found in “Goddess
Saraswati’s” hand.
EKTAARA
EKTAARA
• Ektaara is one of the most ancient form of string
instrument. It has only 1 string played by
plucking in rhythmic way. It is made up of wood
& string is of metal.
• It has a humble tribal beginning, but has been,
through the ages associated with “Keertan
Chanting” {Hindu devotional practice of singing
the divine names} by “Sadhus” {wandering holy
men}. It is also used in “Sufi chanting”, “Bauls of
Bengal”& also in modern Punjabi “Bhangra”
{traditional dance form}.
Sitar
Pt.Ravishankar
Sarod
Ustaad Amjad Ali
khan
Sushir Vadya {aerophones}
VENU
VENU
• The Venu is one of the oldest musical
instrument associated with “Lord Krishna”.
It is a keyless transverse flute made of
bamboo. The fingers of both hands are
used to close and open the holes. It has a
blowing holes. It comes in various sizes.
Basically a folk music instrument used in
north India also called as “Bansuri”.
Flute
Pt.Hariprasad
Chaurasia
Shehnai
Ustaad Bismillah Khan
Shehnai
• The shehnai is a double reeded wind
instrument with a widening tube towards
lower end. The upper 7 holes are for
playing and lower ones are for tuning.
• It is basically used in folk music and
considered auspicious and played in all
festive occasions in India.
Avanaddha Vadya {membranophones}
Tabla
Ustaad Zakir
Hussain
Tabla
• The Tabla is the overall term for 2 drums
(right-wooden body and left-metal body)
covered with black paste on it. The
musicians use the base of the palm as
well as fingers to produce great variations
in sounds. It is used for the
accompaniment of north Indian Classical
music.
Dholak
Dholak
• The dholak is a classical North Indian,
Cylindrical hand drum made of wood and has
traditional lacing or turnbuckle tuning. The right
membrane is simple but left one has special
coating inside (mixture of tar, clay, sand) called
Dholak masala providing well defined tone and
lowering the pitch. It is used as accompaniment
in Qawwali and Indian Film music.
Ghana Vadya {idiophones}
Manjiri
Manjiri
• The Manjiri is basically a rhythmic instrument
used for folk music. The Cymbals are made up
of metal and tied with a cotton lace. The sound
is created by banging on each other in a
particular way to give varieties . The sound is
very similar to give varieties. The is very similar
to bells. It is especially used in devotional music
of India.
Jaltarang
Milind
Tulankar
Jaltarang
• The jaltarang is essentially a water
xylophone. It is made up of a series of
China bowls of varying sizes and they are
filled with varying levels of water which
defines their pitch. The performer arranges
them in semi-circle and sits in the middle
and plays with 2 light sticks of bamboo,
banging on the bowls.
Ghatam
Pt.Vikku Vinayakram
CULTURAL DANCES OF INDIA
Garba
Garba is an Indian form
of song & dance that
originated in the Gujarat
region. It is more similar to
Western folk dance than to
the presentational style of
Indian classical dances such
as bharatnatyam and odissi.
The name garba comes from
the Sanskrit term Garba
Many traditional garbas are performed around a central lit lamp. The circular
and spiral figures of Garba have similarities to other spiritual dances.
Traditionally it is performed during the nine-day Hindu festival Navratri.
Either the lamp or else an image of the Goddess Amba is placed in the middle
of concentric rings as an object of veneration. People dance around the
center, bending sideways at every step, their arms making sweeping
gestures, each movement ending in a clap.
Dindi
Dindi
Aashadhi Ekadashi
is more of a religious procession
festival and is celebrated during the months of June and July.
This Mahaekadashi is also known as Shayani Ekadashi
because on this day Vishnu falls asleep to wake four months later on
Prabodhini Ekadashi.This period is known as chaturmas.
The feast of Aashadhi Ekadashi is celebrated with great
solemnly at Pandharpur.Presenting before you a glimpse of dindi to
Pandharpur.