Outline • Jeff Buckley – He is a Singer/Songwriter and guitarist. However he also plays several other instruments on this Album. • The Album – It’s named ‘Grace’ after one of the tracks on the album but it also contains the songs ‘Hallelujah’, ‘Lilac Wine’ and ‘Corpus Christi Carol’. (Latin - Body of Christ) • Co-written by Gary Lucas and released in 1994 Jeffrey Scott Buckley • • • • Born November 1966 His Father was also a musician Grace was his debut album Toured for 2 years with his band promoting his album, visiting U.S., Europe, Japan and Australia • Had a fear of Death but died at the age of 30 • He died in New York while waiting for his band. He drowned in the ‘Wolf’ river during an evening swim in May 1997 Jeffrey Scott Buckley • He wrote songs about parting • His music was generally difficult, not straight forward • Generally used Power Chords • Perfectionist • Never wrote his music out, just taught it to his band verbally and through demonstration. Album Instrumentation • • • • • • • • Jeff – Vocals, Guitar and Organ Bass Guitar Drums/Percussion String Arrangements Tracks 1&2 – Magical Guitarness Track 7 – Organ (by another musician) Track 10 – Tabla (by Jeff and 1 other) & Vibraphone Grace • Structure • Chord Structure (Minor Chords in the Intro) • Harmony (complex, key changes, unusual Chords) • Instrumental Effects (Distortion, Flange, Phaser) • Playing Technique (Strummed and Plucked) • Deliberate Clash with bass (in the chorus on the word Fire) Structure and Effects • Flanger – A studio Effect that can be anything from a ‘Swirling’ sound to ‘Jet Plane’ effects. • Phaser – when 2 or more versions of the same things are played at the same time but at a slightly different speed. • Distortion – Where the input signal is so high that the sound can not be played back clearly. • Complicated structure that involves sections within sections. Song Chords • The chords, when written down, look very complicated. However, on guitar they are easy. • The guitar is tuned using ‘Drop D’ Tuning. • The Chords for the verse are shown in your book (Page 107) • Power Chords are created this way. 1 shape moved up and down the fret board to create the different chords. Additional Notes • The string sounds are added after, on top of the standard instrumental line up. • They are used to Create Tension for an additional effect at the beginning of the music. • Delay – The repartition of a sound (Like an echo) but at a set interval) • EQ – Equalisation. The adjustment of certain frequencies within the sound. Some Questions • Q2 – What guitar playing technique can be heard frequently in the Introduction? • Q5 – Describe how the drums are played in the verse. • Q7 – How does verse 3 differ from both verse 1 and 2? • Q10 – What effect has been applied to the electric guitar part at the end of the song which cannot be heard previously in the song?