#### Transcript Fraction IX Least Common Multiple Least Common Denominator

```Today we will solve simple
problems involving the subtraction
of fractions and mixed numbers.
Solve=work out
Simple=easy
In 3rd and 4th grade, you
learned how to subtract
fractions like:
2/3 -1/3= 1/3
5
6
-
2
6
=
3
6
Parts of a Fraction
3
4
= the number of parts
= the total number of
parts that equal a whole
Parts of a Fraction
3
4
= numerator
= denominator
Which number is circled?
3
4
= denominator
Which number is circled?
3
4
= numerator
¾ looks like
3
4
1/4 1/4
1/4
¾ looks like
1/4
3
4
1/4
1/4
¾ looks like
3
4
1/4
1/4
1/4
Mixed Number
A
mixed number has a part that
is a whole number and a part
that is a fraction.
3
= 1 4
What is the mixed number?
3
= 3
4
What is the mixed number?
3
= 4
4
What is the mixed number?
1
= 5
2
Common Multiple

A number that is a multiple
of two or more numbers.
Some multiples of 4 & 6
12, 24, 36
Least Common Multiple

The smallest common multiple
of a set of two or more
numbers.
8 = 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48
6 = 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36
Subtracting Like Denominators
Only subtract the numerators
4 - 1
3
=
4
4
4
1/4 1/4
1/4 1/4
Subtract these fractions
4 - 1
3
=
5
5
5
1/5
1/5
1/5
1/5
Subtract these fractions
1/4
3 - 1
2
=
4
4
4
1/4
1/4
It’s important to know how to
add fractions because…
It will be on the CST’s!
How else will you know how to
share your pizza with your techer?
Why else is it important?
Shortcut for Finding the Least
Common Denominator or Least
Common Multiple
Check to see if the smaller denominator
divides evenly into the larger denominator.
If it does, use the larger denominator for
your LCD or LCM.
1
3
1
- 9
3 will divide evenly into 9,
so 9 is your LCD or LCM.
To Subtract Fractions With
Unlike Denominators

Find the multiples of each
denominator.
1
5 = 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30
1
- 10 = 10, 20, 30, 40, 50
To Subtract Fractions With
Unlike Denominators

Compare the lists of multiples.
Circle the common multiples
between the two lists.
1
5 = 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30
1
- 10 = 10, 20, 30, 40, 50
To Subtract Fractions With
Unlike Denominators

Use the lowest common
multiple as the denominator.
1
5 = 5, 10, 15 ,20 ,25 ,30
1
- 10 = 10, 20, 30, 40, 50
To Subtract Fractions With
Unlike Denominators

This number is also called the
least common denominator.
1
5 = 5, 10, 15 ,20 ,25 ,30
1
- 10 = 10, 20, 30, 40, 50
To Subtract Fractions With
Unlike Denominators

Rewrite the fractions using the
least common denominator or
least common multiple.
1
5
1
- 10
10
10
To Subtract Fractions With
Unlike Denominators
Find the equivalent fractions for
1/5 & 1/10 with 10 as the
denominator.
You
know
that
1/10
1
is
equal
to
1/10
so
5
10
Put
a
1
over
the
1
1
Bottom
10.
- 10
10

To Subtract Fractions With
Unlike Denominators
Find the equivalent fractions for
1/5 & 1/10 with 10 as the
denominator.
To
find
the
top
1
number,
ask
yourself
5
10
what
do
you
multiply
1
1
the
5
by
to
get
10.
- 10
10

To Subtract Fractions With
Unlike Denominators
Find the equivalent fractions for
1/5 & 1/10 with 10 as the
denominator.
That’s right 2. Since
you are looking for
1x 2 =
equivalent fraction
5 x 2 = 10 theyou
know the top
1
1 number must also be
- 10
10
multiplied by 2.

To Subtract Fractions With
Unlike Denominators

Find the equivalent fractions for
1/5 & 1/10 with 10 as the
denominator.
1 x 2 = 2 To find the top number
just multiply 2 x 1 to
5 x 2 = 10 get your equivalent
1
1
fraction.
- 10
10
To Subtract Fractions With
Unlike Denominators

Now just add the numerators.
1x 2 = 2
5 x 2 = 10
1
1
- 10
10
1
10
Remember when
subtracting
fractions you never
subtract the
denominators.
Subtract these Fractions
1
2
1
- 8
8
8
Use the short
cut to find the
Least Common
Denominator
(LCD).
Subtract these Fractions
1
2x 4 = 8
1
- 8 x 1 =8
Now find the
equivalent
fractions for
1/2 & 1/8.
Ask what do you multiply 2 by to get 8
and what do you multiply 8 by to get 8.
Subtract these Fractions
1x 4 =
2x 4 = 8
1x 1 =
- 8 x 1 =8
Since you are
writing equivalent
fractions, now
multiply the top
numbers by the
same number you
did in the
bottom.
Subtract these Fractions
1x 4 = 4
2x 4 = 8
1x 1 =1
- 8x 1 =8
Now multiply
across.
Subtract these Fractions
1x 4 = 4
2x 4 = 8
1x 1 =1
- 8x 1 =8
3
8
Subtract
your new
numerators.
Subtract these Fractions
2
5
1
- 3
15
15
Find the
common
Multiples for
5 and 3. Write
This number
As your new
denominator.
Subtract these Fractions
2
5 x 3 = 15
1
- 3 x 5 =15
Ask yourself
what you
multiply the
bottom number
by to get 15.
Subtract these Fractions
2x 3 =
5 x 3 = 15
1x 5 =
- 3 x 5 =15
Multiply the
top number
by the same
number you
did in the
bottom.
Subtract these Fractions
2x 3 = 6
5 x 3 = 15
1x 5 =5
- 3 x 5 =15
Multiply
across.
Subtract these Fractions
2x 3 = 6
5 x 3 = 15
1x 5 =5
- 3 x 5 =15
1
15
Now subtract
your new
numerators.
Subtract these Fractions
5 x 4 = 20
6 x 4 = 24
1x 3 =3
- 8 x 3 =24
17
24
Subtract these Fractions
2x 3 = 6
3x 3 = 9
1x 1 =1
- 9x 1 =9
5
9
Subtract these Fractions
4 x 3 = 12
5 x 3 = 15
2 x 5 = 10
- 3 x 5 = 15
2
15
What did you learn?
•Solve=to work it out
•Subtracting fractions with the same denominator
I just subtract the numerator and the denominator
stays the same.
•What happens when I want to subtract fractions
with different denominators?
```