Transcript The Fertile Crescent
The Fertile Crescent Chapter 2 Section 1 ziggurat Section 1 • Mesopotamia, located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, had rich soil and plentiful water. • Sumerian cities were well developed, had high walls to keep out invaders, large temples, houses, busy shops, markets, and royal palaces. • Sumerians worshiped at temples called ziggurats; they practiced polytheism (worshiping multiple gods). Section 2 Section 2 Section 2 • Assyria was an empire of skilled warriors that stretched across the Fertile Crescent. It’s capital, Nineveh, became a city of great learning. • Later, New Babylonia was created under the Chaldeans. King Nebuchadnezzar II rebuilt the city of Babylon. Section 2 • The empires of Babylonia and Assyria were the two most important empires of Mesopotamia. • The empire of Babylonia united the cities of Sumer and stretched all the way to Asia Minor; it was a great military power and center of trade. Section 3 Section 3 • Hammurabi’s Code – A written code of laws followed by Babylonians – The punishment equaled the crime – Laws were applied unequally depending on the victim’s class • The development of writing allowed people to clearly state laws and keep records. Section 4 Section 4 • The Phoenicians developed an empire through trade along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. • The Israelites – Abraham led the Israelites from Mesopotamia to Canaan. – Most fled to Egypt during the famine. – After years of forced slavery, they were lead back to Canaan by Moses and others. – Kings Saul and David reclaimed Canaan and unified the Israelite nation. Tomb of King David Section 5 • Basic beliefs of Ancient Judaism – God promised Abraham that his people would become kings and build nations. – Believed in the holy book called the Torah. – Believed in one all powerful God that was everywhere.