Empires of Mesopotamia

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Transcript Empires of Mesopotamia

Empires of Mesopotamia
2350 BC Sargon
and the Akkadians
Conquer
Mesopotamia
612 BC The
1590 BC The
Kassites took control Chaldeans took
from the Hittites and over the
ruled Mesopotamia Assyrians
7000 BC 1st farm
settlements were
formed in
Mesopotamia
1792 BC Hammurabi
became King of
Babylon
3000 BC Several
thousand
Sumerians had
settled in
Mesopotamia
1800 BC The
Babylonian Empire
took control of
Mesopotamia
2000 BC The
Strong Civilization
of Ur loses power
900 BC The Assyrians
loss power but
regained it and started
taking all of the region
1200 BC The
Assyrians had their 1st
campaign as rulers of
the Fertile Crescent
652 BC A Series of
1595 BC The Hittiteswars broke out
conquered the
inside the
powerful Babylon Assyrian Empire
Empire with use of and weakened
CHARIOTS
their power.
1st Settlements
• Farmers
– No longer needed to hunt and
gather
• City-States Started to form
– Strong central city and the
country side around it
World’s 1st Civilizations
Began
Sumeria
World’s 1st Civilizations
Began
• Empires began to spread
throughout Mesopotamia
– land with different
territories and people
under a single rule.
• AKKADIAN EMPIRE
– Sargon ruled from 23342279 BC
– 1st Permanent Army
Sumeria
• Religion
– Polytheism – the worship of many Gods
– Priests – performed or led religious
ceremonies
– Ziggurats – pyramid shaped temple to
worship the Gods
Sumeria
• Social Heirarchy – Division of society by rank
or class (Who is most important and who is
least important)
KINGS
PRIESTS
CRAFTSPEOPLE,
MERCHANTS, and
TRADERS
FARMERS and
LABORERS
SLAVES
Sumeria
• Achievements
– Cuneiform – World’s 1st writing
system
– Wheel
– Plow
– Built Sewer Systems
– Bronze Tools and Weapons
– Great mathematicians
• Calendar
• 12 Month year
– Great Builders
– Awesome ART
Babylon
Babylonian Empire
– 1800 BC – 1595 BC
• Hammurabi
– Brilliant War Leader
– Increased Trade to
Mesopotamia
– Hammurabi’s Code – set of
282 laws that dealt with
almost every part of daily life
– inscribed on a tall basalt
pillar.
3200-2000 BCE: Sumer & Babylon
The Hittites and Kassites
Hittites
– 1595 BC – ruled for only a
short time
• Strong Kingdom
• Used Chariots
• Mastered Ironworking
Kassites
• Took over Mesopotamia
while the Hittites were in
tough times.
– 1600 – 1200 BC
Assyrians
Assyrian Empire
– 1200 – 652 BC
• Long lasting empire but
swayed until 900 BC when
they started taking control
of all of Mesopotamia.
• Strong Army
– Iron Weapons and Chariots
– Killed anyone in their way
• The King ruled his large
empire through local
leaders.
Chaldeans
• The Assyrian Empire had wars over
who should be King and weakened their
major empire.
• Chaldean Empire took advantage of the
weakened state of the Assyrians and
took control in 612 BC