Adjectives - TeacherWeb

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Transcript Adjectives - TeacherWeb

SUNNY
CLEAR
TWO
SANDY
TROPICAL
BREEZY
BLUE
Adjectives and Descriptive
Writing
Imagery
• Using figurative language to represent objects,
actions, and ideas in such a way that it appeals
to our physical senses.
• It needs the aid of figures of speech, like
similes, metaphors, onomatopoeias, in order to
appeal to the bodily senses.
• Examples:
“The girl ran her hands on a soft satin fabric.”
“I saw the damp lying on the bare hedges and
spare grass.”
MAGIC Night Activity
• Locate an example of imagery or immense descriptive
language in the novel, Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry.
• Write it down on loose leaf along with the chapter and page
number.
• Below, scribble the scene that would closely represent this
description.
• Get teacher approval.
• Mark off an inch from the bottom and write the description
again. Go over it with fine sharpie pen.
• Create this scene formally on media paper using pencil first.
Paint. Name on back!
• You only get one shot at this---if you mess up, figure out how
to fix it.
• This will be a contest on who has the best art work!
What are adjectives?
• Adjectives answer the following questions:
–
–
–
–
What kind?
Which one?
How many?
How much?
(blue, square, rough)
(this, that, those)
(a couple, a dozen, a pair, one)
(plenty, few, some, many)
• Adjectives describe or modify a noun to
provide detail and increase interest in a
topic.
Example: We went to the beach. It was hot.
OR We went to the beautiful, sunny beach.
Predicate Adjective
• A predicate adjective follows a
linking verb and describes the
subject.
• EXAMPLE: The music is
excellent.
• EXAMPLE: The beach towel
looks old.
Capitalizing Proper Adjectives
• A proper adjective is an
adjective formed from a proper
noun. It begins with a capital
letter.
Example of Proper Adjectives:
Japanese
American
Egyptian
Italian
English
GUIDED PRACTICE
Identify the adjectives in each sentence. Make punctuation and grammar
corrections as needed.
Double check your answers with your shoulder buddy.
1.
2.
3.
4.
The large old house is victorian.
Most of the furniture in this room is asian.
On the mantel is a small chinese vase.
Are those beads korean?
HOMEWORK CHALLENGE
Imagine a place you dream to go
or have been to. Describe this
place in one paragraph using
vivid adjectives. Include
adjectives that answer all 4
questions, a predicate adjective,
and an adjective that needs to be
capitalized.
Types of Adjectives
• Comparative: these types of
adjectives compare ONLY two things
together.
Example: Malik is taller than Ms. Kelley.
**All you do is add –ER!
Try the following with a partner.
1. Which state is ____, Idaho or Wyoming?
(bigger, biggest)
2. Is Yellowstone ____ than Yosemite?
(better, best)
3. Is it ____ today than it was yesterday?
(warmer, warmest)
Another Type of Adjective
• Superlative: this type of adjective
compares one against all the rest—
like best!
For example: Ms. Kelley is the
shortest teacher in the whole
school.
**All you do is add –EST!
Try it with a partner!
1. Yellowstone is the nation’s ____ national
park.
(larger, largest)
2. Its ____ mountain is Electric Peak.
(higher, highest)
3. Yellowstone has the ____ number of hot
springs of any park in the world.
(greater, greatest)
Adjectives with MORE and MOST
*For most adjectives that have two or more syllables, add the
words more and most to form the comparative and superlative
form.
ADJECTIVE
COMPARATIVE
SUPERLATIVE
DIFFICULT
MORE DIFFICULT
MOST DIFFICULT
COLORFUL
MORE COLORFUL
MOST COLORFUL
What NOT to do:
*Do NOT combine MORE and MOST with adjectives ending in
–er and –est.
CORRECT: Herons are larger than sea gulls.
INCORRECT: Herons are more larger than sea gulls.
YIKES!
IRREGULAR COMPARATIVE AND
SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES
ADJECTIVE
GOOD
BAD
MUCH, MANY
LITTLE
COMPARATIVE
BETTER
WORSE
MORE
LESS
SUPERLATIVE
BEST
WORST
MOST
LEAST
Guided Practice
Tell the comparative and superlative form of each adjective.
1. Exciting
2. Little
3. Rewarding
4. Bad
5. Good
Articles and Demonstratives
• Articles: special adjectives using before nouns such as a, as,
and the . A is used before words beginning with a consonant.
An is used before words that begin with a vowel.
For example: The telescope was mounted on a large tripod.
• Demonstratives: adjectives that tell which one.
For example: This planet is nearer to the sun than that star.
Guided Practice
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Tell which word correctly completes each sentence.
The astronomers are observing (a, the) sky.
This observatory has (a, an) enormous telescope.
We made a visit to (a, an) observatory.
The sky was very clear (that, those) evening.
(This, These) chart shows the constellation Pisces.