Transcript Ser

**Ser and Estar
**Description words
Mrs. Martinez
22 de octubre de 2012
Ser and Estar
Pattern: Ser and Estar both mean
“to be,” but they have
fundamental differences.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
The Basics
•Ser is generally used to describe
what a noun is (essential
characteristics).
• Estar is generally used to describe
how a noun is (condition).
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
Example
• It is useful to have two ways of
saying “to be.” Consider this
English sentence:
The tomato is green.
• This sentence could mean one of
two things:
– The tomato is of a variety that
produces tomatoes that are green
in color.
– The tomato is not ripe.
• This situation is avoided in Spanish
because if the verb Ser is used, we
know that the speaker means that it is
a green variety of tomato.
• On the other hand, if the verb estar is
used, we can safely say that the
tomato is simply not ripe.
• Here are the two sentences in
Spanish:
• El tomate es verde. (The tomato is green in
color.)
• El tomate está verde. (The tomato is unripe.)
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
Conjugation
• To further complicate matters,
ser and estar are both
irregular verbs.
• In the case of ser, you must
simply memorize the different
forms. Here are the present
tense conjugations of ser:
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
SER – “to be”
yo
soy
nosotros
somos
tú
eres
vosotros
sois
es
ellos / ellas /
Uds.
son
él / ella /
Ud.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media 7
in the target language, including authentic materials.
Lets watch a video
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1r59lFA
w180
SER is used to express:
• characteristics
– ¿Cómo son los
autobuses?
– Los autobuses son
cómodos.
– ¿Cómo es la chica?
– La chica es muy
guapa y bastante
inteligente.
– Yo soy inteligente.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
SER is used to express:
• time
– ¿Qué hora es?
– Son las dos.
• day
– ¿Qué día es hoy?
– Hoy es lunes.
• date
– ¿Cuál es la fecha?
– Es el 31 de
diciembre.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
SER is used to express:
• Nationality/origin
– ¿De dónde eres?
– Soy de México.
– Soy mexicano.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
SER is used to express:
• Occupation/Religion
– ¿Que es Maria?
– María es asistente
de vuelo.
– Nosotros somos
cristianos.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
SER is used to express:
• possession
– ¿De quién es
la flor?
– Es de Juana.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
SER is used to express:
• Relationships
– Jose es el esposo de Teresa.
– Ellos son primos de Rebeca.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
SER is used to express:
• Events
– La reunion es en la sala de
conferencias.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
Las formas del verbo
estar (to be)
nosotros
nosotras
yo estoy
estamos
tú estás
él
ella
usted
está
ellos
ellas
ustedes
están
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
ESTAR
•
•
•
•
•
P lace
L ocation
A ction
C ondition
E motion
For how you feel or where you are,
always use the verb ESTAR!
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
ESTAR is used to express:
• Location/Place
– ¿Dónde estás?
– Estoy en la clase de
español.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
ESTAR is used to express:
• Action
– Ellos están
tocando los
instrumentos.
– El está
bailando a la
musica
ESTAR is used to express:
• Condition
– ¿Quién está
ausente?
– Patricia está
ausente.
– ¿Puedo usar el
teléfono?
– No, la línea está
ocupada.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
ESTAR is used to express:
• Emotion
– ¿Cómo estás?
– Estoy mal.
– Estamos muy
enfermos.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
Remember
• Note: The use of ser or estar can
change the meaning of a
sentence. Here are some examples:
• Patricia es aburrida. (Patricia is
boring.)
• Patricia está aburrida. (Patricia is
bored.)
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
• As you can see, the use of the
verb ser implies what they are,
and the use of estar implies how
they currently are or currently
seem.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
Práctica
• 1. ¿Quién está muy confundida?
a. Yolanda es muy confundida.
b. Yolanda estoy muy confundida.
c. Yolanda esté muy confundida.
d. Yolanda está muy confundida.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
2. Yo estás feliz.
a. correct
b. incorrect
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
• 3. ________ las dos y veinte.
a. Es
b. Son
c. Está
d. Están
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
4. The clock is on the wall.
a. El reloj estás en la pared.
b. El reloj estuvo en la pared.
c. El reloj es en la pared.
d. El reloj está en la pared
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
• 5. ¿Dónde están las flores?
a. Las flores es sobre la mesa.
b. Las flores están sobre la mesa.
c. Las flores son sobre la mesa.
d. Las flores ser sobre la mesa.
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
hermoso
abierto
cerrado
agradecido (a)
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
chistoso
cómodo
clean
cómico
confundido(a)
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
fiel
sucio
tonto
divertido
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
¿Cómo es?
Es fácil.
Es difícil.
2+3=?
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
generoso
duro
dificil
trabajador
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
amable
honesto
viejo
perezoso
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
egoista
especial
pobre
suave
tímido (a)
verdadero
estudioso
sabio
joven
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
Práctica
1. Elías es muy tímido.
a. shy
b. short
c. tall
d. talkative
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
2. Los estudiantes no hicieron la
tarea. Son muy ____________.
a. egoístas
b. jóvenes
c. suaves
d. perezosos
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
3. Miriam fue a visitar una ciudad muy
__________. Las personas no tienen
casas.
a. pobre
b. trabajador
c. suave
d. generosa
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
4. Cuando una persona es vieja, se cree
que es más ______________.
a. egoísta
b. joven
c. sabia
d. perezosa
MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.
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MLII.INT1 The students understand spoken and written language
on new and familiar topics presented through a variety of media
in the target language, including authentic materials.