Capital Letters The
Capital Letters The
Underline the subjects and highlight the verb.
It is a bright and sunny morning. The bus pulls
up at a small depot. We carry our rucksacks
and get down the bus. The leader of the group
tells us to have breakfast at the shop while
we wait for the boat.
• A singular subject takes a singular verb.
• e.g. Ali runs across the road.
The album is on the table.
• A plural subject takes a plural verb.
• e.g. They meet every Wednesday afternoon.
Erma Fatima and Umie Aida are sisters.
Fill in each blank with the correct form of the verb given
in the brackets.
1. Blue and red _________ purple. (make)
2. I ________ the crow dragged out the rubbish. (think)
3. Sandra _________ my roommate. (be)
4. We ________ him to camp once a year. (send)
5. You ________ familiar. (look)
6. Everybody _________ up for the party. (dress)
7. She ________ to eat chicken rice. (like)
• Comparative adjectives is used to compare two nouns or pronouns.
• You must add –er and than to the adjective when comparing two
This box is lighter than that one.
Her hair is thicker than Aneeza’s.
• For two-syllable adjectives ending with ‘-y’, change the ‘y’ to ‘-i’ and
• Examples: happy – happier
naughty – naughtier
• For some adjectives with two or more syllables, use more followed
by the adjective and than.
modern – more modern than
comfortable – more comfortable than
• Superlative adjectives are used to compare at least three nouns
• You must add –est to the adjective and the before it.
He is the tallest boy in the basketball team.
Cik Saleha is the prettiest girl in the beauty contest.
• Some adjectives are irregular.
good – better – best
bad – worse – worst
Complete the sentences to compare the sizes of three balls.
1. The pingpong ball is __________ the tennis ball.
2. The football is __________ the tennis ball.
3. The football is __________ of all.
4. The pingpong ball is ____________ among the three balls.
Complete the sentences. Use the correct form (comparative or
superlative) of the adjectives given in the brackets.
Sungai Rajang is ___________ Sungai Pahang. (long)
The Pacific Ocean is __________ sea in the world. (large)
I think good health is ________ fame. (important)
This exercise is _________ that one. This is one of _________
exercises in the book. (easy)
5. This is _________ mee goreng I have ever tasted! (bad)
6. Fruits are _________ for your health than chocolate. (good)
Read the sentences below and underline the error in
1. Jim and Peter are twins. He looks alike.
2. The leopard has spots. He has black spots.
3. The farmers, the fishermen and the rubber tappers are
celebrating a festival. Them are happy.
4. Sharon is crying because she brother is in hospital.
5. Habibah wants to clean the two drawers. He wants to
use a feather duster.
SPELLING OF –ED VERBS
END OF VERB
Rule 1 A CONSONANT + -e
Rule 2 1 VOWEL + 1 CONSONANT
DOUBLE THE CONSONANT, ADD -ed
2 VOWELS + 1 CONSONANT
CONSONANT + -y
CHANGE –y TO –i, ADD –ed
VOWEL + -y
Complete the sentences with the correct past tense form of the
words given in brackets.
The rain _______ (stop) ten minutes ago.
Datin Noor ________ (buy) food packets for the orphans.
They ________ (go) to the circus.
_______ (do) Jamal erase the whiteboard before leaving the class
5. Julia Roberts ________ (wear) a classy silver gown to the Actor’s
6. The villain ________ (drive) at break-neck speed.
Read the passage below, then change it to the simple past tense.
The tsunami victims have to rest at the relief centre because their
homes are destroyed. Some of them have serious injuries, and doctors
have a busy time treating so many of them. Many victims look lost.
They do not have any belongings left. Volunteers come from all parts
of the world to help repair the damage to the city. Some volunteers
bring money and food from their countries to donate to the victims.
For some victims, all the money in the world cannot replace their
loved ones. It is a tragedy indeed.
David and his family arrived at the picnic spot the
children got out of the car carrying rubber floats david s
sister shouted i can hear the sound of water where
do you think it s coming from children come and help
me carry the things from the boot said mr tan father
quick I cannot wat to get there exclaimed tony.
Do you have difficulty reading the text above?
What do you think is missing from the text?
The thief stole Helmi’s motorcycle, which was parked
outside the post office.
-Capital letters are used for:
> the beginning of the sentence
> the first letter of proper nouns
> the pronoun ‘I’
Punctuate these sentences using capital letters where
1. there is an old man at the gate.
2. i met yusof at the town library.
3. many hindus go to batu caves on thaipusam day.
-It is places at the end of a sentence.
-However, if the sentence ends with a question mark,
there is no full stop.
Cindy talked very loudly.
How loudly did Cindy talk?
-The comma (,) is used for the following pourposes:
To separate words in a list.
e.g: There are seven colours in a rainbow. They
are orange, yellow, white, blue, indigo and violet.
ii) To separate a series of actions
e.g: The man rushed into the house, ran upstairs,
grabbed his son from the bedroom and dashed out
of the burning house.
iii) To introduce direct speech
e.g: The secretary said, “Please have a seat.”
-When reading , you must pause for a short while
Insert the comma (,) in the sentences correctly.
1. They needed a pair of scissors some glue old
newspapers and some coloured cloth.
2. The old man bent down picked up the photo frame
dusted it and looked at the picture with tears in his
3. “Good morning Miss Tan” said George.
-An exclamation mark (!) is used to express strong
feelings such as anger, excitement, great fear,
surprise or shock.
-The word after (!) begins with a capital letter.
- Be careful not to use too many (!) at a time.
e.g: Please help use! We’ve lost our way.
Congratulations! You are the winner.
Hurry up! The taxi is going to be here in five
-The apostrophe (‘) is used to replace missing letters
in contractions. I’m, She’s, They’re, didn’t.
-Also used to show possession.
e.g: This is Ani’s cat. (That cat belongs to Ani,
not ‘Ani is’)
Punctuate the paragraph below with suitable
pak samad and his wife siti sell fruits in a fruit stall near
the flats they live in one of the units in the block of flats
one afternoon siti went home for lunch she climbed up the
stairs slowly when she reached her flat on the second floor she
saw the door to her flat is open she knew that something wasn’t
siti shouted help there s a thief in my flat
the thief heard her shouts he dashed out of the flat siti
grabbed his shirt but he broke free and ran down the stairs he
stepped on a banana peel and slipped thud thud thud he went
rolling down he cried aloud in pain
ive sprained my ankle and I can t get up please send me
to the hospital said the thief