Adjectives and Adverbs

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Transcript Adjectives and Adverbs

Adjectives
and Adverbs
Grammar Guide
mgr Anna Waligórska – Kotfas
PWSZ Konin
Adjectives
 Give
 Can
extra information about nouns.
be used in front of a noun.
We saw an exciting film.
What is she like? She's a smart, energetic
woman.
That is a cute puppy.
Adjectives

Or can be used after a linking verb,
e.g. be, look, seem, smell, sound, taste.
She is smart and energetic.
That puppy is cute.
That film was exciting.
You look cold.
That piano sounds terrible.
I woke up the next day feeling awful.
Adjectives: Order

When you use more than one adjective, you
have to put them in the right order, according to
type.








Opinion
Size
Age
Shape
Colour
Origin
Material
Purpose
silly, beautiful
large, tiny
young, old
square, round
pink, reddish
French, lunar
wooden, metal
sleeping
Adjectives: Order
a
a
a
Opinion Size
silly
huge
small
 Adjectives
Age
Shape
young
round
Colour Origin Material Purpose
English
man
metal
bowl
red
sleeping bag
to Word Magnets
Adverbs
 modify
or give extra information about
verbs, adjectives, other words or whole
clauses.
The dog barks loudly.
How does the dog bark?  loudly
She moved quite slowly down the aisle.
How slowly did she move?  quite slowly
Adverbs: Form

Many adverbs end with the suffix -ly. Most of
these are created by adding -ly to the end of an
adjective, eg.:
beautiful

beautifully
slow

slowly
hopeless

hopelessly
aggressive

aggressively
easy

easily
real

really
Adverbs: Form
 However,
many adverbs do NOT end in -ly
eg.: fast, late, early, hard, long, low, pretty,
short, straight, wide are the same as the
adjective form,
well – adverb from good
 many
words which are NOT adverbs end
in -ly eg.: friendly, elderly and lonely are
adjectives
Adverbs with different meanings

late (= not on time/not early)
The plane arrived late due to bad weather.
 lately (= recently)
She's been rather ill lately.

high (= to a great height)
He lifted it high over his head.
 highly (= extremely)
Arsenic is highly toxic.
Adverbs with different meanings

hard (= with a lot of effort/severely)
He braked hard when he saw the cat.
 hardly (= scarcely, almost not)
We hardly know our neighbours.

right (= direction/correctly)
Turn right at the crossroads. / Try to do it right this
time!
 rightly (= correctly in my opinion)
The tribunal rightly condemned the war criminals.
Adverbs with different meanings

free (= without paying)
We got into the concert free!
 freely (= without limitation or control)
The shares could be traded freely on the open
market.

deep (= to a great depth/distance)
We explored deep into the jungle.
 deeply (= thoroughly)
I'm deeply ashamed of my behaviour.
Intelligent young Polish students
can learn about
adjectives and adverbs
quickly and easily.

a
Sinclair C5 vehicle
 an
iPod
a
vacuum cleaner
a
video player