Conditionals

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Transcript Conditionals

Enjoy the Song !
Breathless
(by Shayne Ward)
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Learn Grammar Through English Songs
• Listen and find out the feeling conveyed in the song.
• Circle the verbs in the if-clauses and main clauses
and think about what situation is talked about.
Simple Past
If our love was a story book
we would meet on the very first page
The last chapter would be about
How I'm thankful for the life we've made
Simple Past
And if we had babies they would have your eyes
I would fall deeper watching you give life
You don't even know how very special you are
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Learn Grammar Through Context
Read the sentences and underline the
verbs in the if-clauses and main clauses.
Simple Past
If we had virtual reality holidays, we wouldn’t
have any problems with the weather.
Simple Past
If they invented virtual reality holidays, I’d go
on an around-the-world tour.
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What situations are talked about
by each of them?
If we had virtual reality holidays, we wouldn’t
have any problems with the weather.
B
If they invented virtual reality holidays, I’d go
D
on an around-the-world tour.
A. what you normally do in real-life situations.
B. what you would generally do in imaginary situations.
C. what you think you will do in a specific situation in
the future.
D. what you would do in imaginary situations in the
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future.
What are the verb forms?
What situations are talked about?
If it’s good, Dad, Mum and I will
probably go camping. But we won’t
go if it rains.
√
A. what you normally do in real-life situations.
B. what you would generally do in imaginary situations.
C. what you think you will do in a specific situation in
the future.
D. what you would do in imaginary situations in the
future.
Simple Present
Simple Present
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What are the verb forms?
What situations are talked about?
• If I go to a friend's house for dinner, I
usually take a bottle of wine or some
Simple
flowers.
Simple
SimplePresent
Present
Present
• If the weather is nice, she walks to
work.
√A. what you normally do in real-life situations.
B. what you would generally do in imaginary situations.
C. what you think you will do in a specific situation in
the future.
D. what you would do in imaginary situations in the
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future.
Oral Practice: put the verbs in
brackets in the correct form.
Situation 1: I usually send my
parents an email every week. That
is a true fact. In other words:
have
If I (have) ______ enough time, I
send my parents an email
(send)______
every week.
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Oral Practice: put the verbs in
brackets in the correct form.
Situation 2: I may have enough time to
send my parents an email later tonight.
I want to email them tonight. Both of
those things are true. In other words:
have enough time, I
If I (have) ______
will send my parents an
(send)__________
email later tonight.
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Oral Practice: put the verbs in
brackets in the correct form.
Situation 3: I want to send my
parents an email, but the truth is
that I just don’t have enough time
right now. In other words:
had
If I (have) ______
enough time right
would send my parents
now, I (send)__________
an email .
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Oral Practice: put the verbs in
brackets in the correct form.
Situation 4: I want to send my
parents an email but the truth is
that I won’t have enough time
tonight. In other words:
If I (have) ______
enough time later
had
would send my
tonight, I (send)___________
parents an email.
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Discover the rules by comparing the
verb forms used in the 4 situations.
If I have enough time, I send my
parents an email every week.
If I have enough time, I will send my
parents an email later tonight.
If I had enough time right now, I would
send my parents an email .
If I had enough time later tonight, I would
send my parents an email.
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Grammar Summary
Situation
True in the
present
True in the
future
Untrue in
the
present
/future
Usage
If-clause
do/does
do/does
did
Main clause
do/does
will do
would do
Conditional
Zero
conditional
First
conditional
Second
conditional
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Practice Ⅰ
Match the if-clauses with the main clauses.
1) If I don’t eat
breakfast,
2) If I were you,
3) If you study
hard,
4) If I didn’t have
any friends,
5) If I had enough
apples,
a. I would accept the
invitation.
b. I could bake an
apple pie this
evening.
c. I always get
hungry during class.
d. you will make great
progress.
e. I would be lonely.
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Practice Ⅱ
Use the cues to write the sentences as
Zero or First or Second Conditionals.
1)he/have/a day off from work/he/usually/go
/beach
If he has a day off from work, he usually goes to
the beach.
2) I/buy/that computer/it/be/cheaper
I would buy that computer if it were cheaper.
3) I/see/John/I/tell him
If I see John, I will tell him.
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Practice Ⅱ
Use the cues to write the sentences as
Zero or First or Second Conditionals.
4) we/not have/the Spring Festival/we/not
have/a good time in winter
If we didn’t have the Spring Festival, we would
not have a good time in winter.
5) what/you/do/you/be/a millionaire
What would you do if you were a millionaire?
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Game: Run a choo-choo train
A: If I were a millionaire, I would buy a new
house.
B: If I had a new house, I would make a
room into a cinema.
C: If I had a cinema at home, I could watch
movies every day.
D: …
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Group Work:
Run a choo-choo train
1. If I were Principal of our school, …
2. If we didn’t have computers, …
3. If I lived in Africa, …
4. If President Obama came to our
school, …
1 person 1 sentence; The more the better.
Logical Idea; Correct Grammar.
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A Magic Classroom
• If the classroom had some magic, it
could change its size.
• If it changed the size after class, it
could be turned into a football field.
• If it turned into a football field, students
could play football in the classroom.
• If they played football in the classroom,
students would have much more fun in
school.
• If they had more fun in school, …
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Game: Design an invention
Sample: A ball book
• It would bounce and would not be
damaged if it were dropped.
• If you felt bored, you could bounce it
and play a game with it.
• If the words were all over a ball book,
you could turn it in any direction and
invent your own story.
…
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Design an invention in
groups of four and give
the oral presentation.
• Use “Second
Conditionals”
when necessary.
• Pay attention to
the logic.
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Homework
Write down the
description of your group’s
invention or your own invention,
using “Second Conditionals”
when necessary.
(Peer Assessment)
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