Present Simple

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Transcript Present Simple

Present Simple
What? When? How?
Revision
Read the passage and find the answers
to the questions that follow.
I love it, when Passover starts.
Every year, when the Passover vacation starts, my
mother gives me assignments. She forces me to clean my
room and then, I have to assist her in the kitchen.
When the holiday starts, I start my real vacation, and I can
have fun.
I love Passover but I hate the week before it.
What is the correct answer?
• The writer’s mother gives him assignments…
every year before Passover/ every Friday.
This sentence tells us about a habit.
• The writer loves/hates Passover but loves/hates the
week before it.
This sentence tells us about a general truth.
When do we use the Simple Present?
(1)
We use the present simple in the following cases:
When we speak about general truths or facts.
-Roosters wake up in the morning.
The sun sets in the west.
The sun never sets in the east or south or north,
but always in the west.
Exercise
When do we use the Simple Present?
(2)
When we speak about habits or customs.
-Michael likes to go for a walk in the evening.
-He often walks with his friends.
Colin plays football
regularly - every Tuesday.
Colin always plays
soccer on Tuesdays.
In English, we often use time
expressions as signal words e.g.:
always, never, seldom, often,
regularly, every Monday.
Exercise
When do we use the Simple Present?
(3)
When we speak about feelings and senses.
- We love to eat a good meal.
- He hates to cook.
- I feel happy.
- The food smells tasty.
When do we use the Simple Present?
(3b)
Expressing senses, emotions and mental activity
When you love someone, that's a
state, a fact or emotion, but not an
action (like running for example).
To express the above, we use the
simple form (not the progressive).
When do we use the Simple Present?
(4)
When we speak about states of mind or being.
- I know him. He is a good boy.
- She has lovely hair; She wants to show it.
When do we use the Simple Present?
(4b)
When we speak about states and possession.
Dina has new shoes. (possession)
She is happy.
(state)
Exercise
When do we use the Simple Present?
(3+4)
The following verbs all express states, possession, senses,
emotions and mental activity belong to this group:
•
•
•
•
Be, remain (state)
Belong, have (possession)
Like, love, hate, wish, want, seem (feeling and emotion)
Believe, mean, prefer, realize, understand, think (mental
activity)
• see, smell, hear. (senses)
Exercise
When do we use the Simple Present?
(5)
Future plans (with future time expression) often
refers to timetables or programs.
-The new program begins next week.
Sporting events, story telling and jokes.
-“Fontana kicks the ball! It’s a goal!”
Time expression
• These time expressions appear at the
beginning or the end of the sentence in the
present simple:
every day, each year, once a week,
on Tuesday, regularly, daily, in the evening etc.
More Time expression
• These time expressions appear before the
main verb, or after the verb to be:
always, often, sometimes, seldom, usually,
generally, occasionally, never.
A Positive sentence
How do we form it? (1)
Positive sentences are formed by using
the base verb for I, you, we, they and
the base verb+s for he, she it.
A Positive sentence
How do we form it? (2)
Subject
Verb
Rest of the sentence
I
We
You
They
read
books every day.
He
She
It
reads
books every day.
• We usually add s to the verb in 3rd person singular.
(he, she, it)
I eat  He eats
• We add es for verbs ending in s, ss, sh, ch, x and o.
mixmixes, wishwishes, watchwatches,
dodoes, dressdresses
• For verb ending in consonant +y, we also change
the y to i.
trytries
(But play  plays)
Special verbs 1
• The verb to be behaves in a special way:
I
We
You
They
He
She
It
Subject
am
happy.
are
happy.
is
happy.
Verb
Rest of the sentence
Special verbs 2
The verb to have behaves in a special way:
I
We
You
They
He
She
It
Subject
have
a computer.
have
a computer.
has
a computer.
Verb
Rest of the sentence
Special verbs 3
Some other verbs we don’t change in the
third person singular:
I
We
You
They
He
She
It
Subject
can
may
should
must
have to
has to
Verb
Sing.
Rest of the sentence
It is time to practice
your knowledge
• Exercise-1
• Exercise-present
simple-3
• Spelling_(s/es)
• Be +Have