The Phrase

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Transcript The Phrase

The Phrase
A phrase is a group of related
words that is used as a single part
of speech and does not contain
both a verb and its subject.
Different Kinds of Phrases
•
•
•
•
•
will be leaving =verb phrase
around 3:00 =prepositional phrase
written by John Steinbeck =participial phrase
my third cousin=appositive phrase
to swim the English Channel=infinitive phrase
Prepositional Phrases
• A group
of words
consisting
of a preposition…
After
a long
chase,
the police
officer
• Nextthe
to… weak and wounded thief
found
• a noun or pronoun that serves as the object
next
to
the
vacant,
run-down
building.
of the preposition
• …the building
• and any modifiers of that object
• Vacant, run-down…
Participial phrase
• Consists by
of their
a participle…
Exhausted
two-hour climb, the two
mountain
climbers looked at every crevice and
• exhausted…
crook,
trying
to findcomplements
a good placeor
tomodifiers
use as an it
• …and
any other
overnight
camp.
may have
• …by their two-hour climb…
• and acts as and adjective, describing a
person, place, thing, or idea (noun/pronoun
Appositive Phrases
• Appositive= a noun or pronoun placed beside
another noun or pronoun to identify or explain
it.
• an artist… John, an artist, will be working with
the community to create a mural depicting life in
their town.
• Appositive phrase=an appositive and its
modifiers
• a talented magician…
• A talented magician, Mr.Betts often entertains
his math students with his magic tricks.
Infinitive Phrase
• Infinite: a verb form, usually proceeded by to…
• …To speak
• Infinitive phrase: …consists of an infinitive
together with its modifiers and its complements…
• …To swim across the English Channel…
• …that can be used as a noun…
• To swim across the English Channel has always
been Joe’s goal. (subject of the sentence)
• …as an adjective…
• The best person to fix your computer is Joe
Smith. (what kind of person-modifies a noun)
• …as an adverb…
• Sometimes it isn’t easy to make new friends.
(how easy..modifies an adjective)
Practice writing sentences with infinitive phrases
(to become…) (to run…) (to accept…)