ADJECTIVES

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Transcript ADJECTIVES

ADJECTIVES
• Adjectives are words which describe nouns (things and
people).
• Adjectives in English usually go in front of the word they
describe:
We visited an old house.
• There are many nouns in English which are used as
adjectives:
a diamond ring, a library book, strawberry jam
ADJECTIVE ORDER
• When we use more than one adjective, we usually put
them in a certain order. We say:
a strange old wooden chair (NOT a wooden old strange
chair)
• We usually begin with adjectives which give an opinion or
general impression:
a dangerous old car, a valuable silver spoon
ADJECTIVE ORDER
• Adjectives which give factual information usually follow
the opinion/impression adjective. They go in this order:
Size
a
big
a
small
an
Age
Shape
old
Origin
Material
Purpose
red
oval
antique
Colour
car
French
mirror
silver
soup
spoon
PUT THE ADJECTIVES IN BRACKETS IN THE
CORRECT POSITION.
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a beautiful table (wooden/round)
an unusual ring (gold)
black gloves (leather)
an American film (old)
big clouds (black)
a sunny day (lovely)
an ugly dress (yellow)
a red car (old/little)
a new sweater (green/nice)
a metal box (black/small)
a little village (old/lovely)
an old painting (interesting/French)
ADJECTIVE ENDING IN -ING AND -ED
• Some common adjectives are formed from verbs and
have both -ing and -ed forms.
• We use the -ed form to describe our feelings:
I’m tired. (= a description of how I feel)
• We use the -ing form to describe the things which make
us feel like this:
This work is tiring. (= a description of the work)
ADJECTIVE ENDING IN -ING AND -ED
• Compare these sentences:
It’s a boring film.
The visitors are bored.
We had a relaxing holiday.
The patient is completely relaxed.
That was a very satisfying meal.
The airline has many satisfied customers.
Underline the correct adjectives:
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James told us some fascinating/fascinated stories.
Why do you look so depressed/depressing? What’s wrong?
Sarah’s got an amazing/amazed collection of rock CDs.
Felix has this really annoying/annoyed habit of reading my
letters.
The boring/bored students started causing trouble in class.
I watched the show for a while, but it wasn’t really
interesting/interested, so I left.
As the football team came out onto the pitch, their
exciting/excited fans went wild.
The food in this canteen is absolutely disgusting/disgusted.
COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES
ADJECTIVE
COMPARATIVE
SUPERLATIVE
one syllable
strong
big
add -er
stronger
bigger
add -est
the strongest
the biggest
two syllables, ending in -y drop -y and add -ier
tidy
tidier
funny
funnier
drop -y and add -iest
the tidiest
the funniest
two/three/four syllables
famous
beautiful
the most…
the most famous
the most beautiful
more...
more famous
more beautiful
A few adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms:
good
better
the best
bad
worse
the worst
far
farther
the farthest
When things are equal we use as….as:
Classical music is as popular as rock music with our customers.
COMPLETE THE SENTENCES. USE A SUPERLATIVE
OR A COMPARATIVE .
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12.
We stayed at _____ (cheap) hotel in town.
Our hotel was _____ (cheap) than all others in town.
The United States is very large, but Canada is _____ (large).
What’s _____ (small) country in the world?
I wasn’t feeling well yesterday, but I feel a bit _____ (good) today.
It was an awful day. It was _____ (bad) day of my life.
What is _____ (popular) sport in your country?
Everest is _____ (high) mountain in the world. It is _____ (high)
than any other mountain.
We had a great holiday. It was one of _____ (enjoyable) holidays
we’ve ever had.
I prefer this chair to the other one. It’s _____ (comfortable)
What’s _____ (quick) way of getting from here to the station?
Sue and Kevin have got three daughters. _____ (old) is 14.
ADVERBS
• Adjectives (happy, beautiful) tell us about a noun. Adverbs
(happily, beautifully) tell us about a verb, an adjective or
another adverb.
I feel happy.
The children are playing happily.
The weather is beautiful.
She sings beautifully.
• Adverbs give us information about time (when?), place
(where?), manner (how?) and frequency (how often?).
• Some adverbs are phrases:
He’s arriving on Tuesday, so we’re meeting him at the
station.
ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES EASILY
CONFUSED
• Some adjectives and adverbs have the same form: fast,
hard, late, early, daily, weekly, monthly:
Adjectives
Adverbs
He caught the fast train.
He caught the early train.
She’s a hard worker.
The bus is always late.
My daily newspaper is 50p.
He ran fast to catch the train.
He always arrives early.
She works hard.
I arrived home late.
I swim daily.
ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES EASILY CONFUSED
• Hard and hardly are both adverbs but they have different
meanings. Hardly means “almost not”:
They hardly ever go on holiday. (= almost never)
There was hardly anyone at the cinema. (= almost
nobody)
• Late and lately are both adverbs but they have different
meanings. Lately means “recently”:
I haven’t read any good books lately.
• The adverb for good is well:
It was a good concert. The musicians played well.
UNDERLINE THE CORRECT WORDS
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She stepped confident/confidently onto the stage.
The meeting at lunchtime was a complete/completely
waste of time.
She did good/well in the exam and she won a prize.
Max tried hard/hardly to make the hotel receptionist
understand him, but his Spanish wasn’t fluent/fluently
enough.
After looking at the computer screen all day I had an
awful/awfully headache.
Even though Deborah did the job efficient/efficiently,
they sacked her after two months.
The doctor couldn’t understand why Carol felt so hot
because her temperature was normal/normally.
The boy behaved bad/badly on a school trip.