El pretérito y el imperfecto

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Transcript El pretérito y el imperfecto

El pretérito y el imperfecto
You learned to use the preterite tense to talk
about actions completed in the past. The
imperfect tense describes events that occurred
in the past.
The imperfect is used:
•
To speak about background events in a
story
•
To talk about something you used to do as
a habit
•
To speak about how old someone was
•
To say what time it was
To form the imperfect tense, you take the root of the
verb (before the –ar, -er, or –ir ending) drop the ending
then add the following:
-AR verbs
aba
-Er / -IR verbs
ábamos
abas
aba
ía
íamos
ías
aban
ía
ían
cantar
cantaba
cantábamos
cantabas
cantaba
cantaban
tener
tenía
teníamos
tenías
tenía
tenían
ser
era
éramos
eras
era
eran
ir
iba
íbamos
ibas
iba
iban
ver
veía
veíamos
veías
veía
veían
Special meanings
• Conocer :
• Conocí a Juan hace cinco años. I met Juan five years ago.
(completed action)
• En aquella época conocíamos muy bien la ciudad. At that time
we knew the city very well. (no definite beginning or end)
•
• Querer:
• María quiso comprar la casa. Maria tried to buy the house.
(completed action)
• Juan quería comprar la casa. Juan wanted to buy the house. (no
definite beginning or end)
• No querer:
• María no quiso comprar la casa. Maria refused to buy the house.
(completed action)
• Juan no quería comprar la casa. Juan did not want to buy the
house.(no definite beginning or end)
Special meanings
• Saber:
• María lo supo ayer. Maria found out yesterday. (completed
action)
• Juan sabía que María estudiaba. Juan knew that Maria was
studying. (no definite beginning or end)
• Poder:
• María pudo levantar la mesa. Maria succeeded in lifting the
table.
(completed action)
• Juan podía participar en el concierto. Juan was able to
participate in the concert. (no definite beginning or end)
• Tener:
• María tuvo una carta de su mamá. Maria received a letter
from her mom.(completed action)
• Juan tenía un coche nuevo. Juan used to have a new car. (no
definite beginning or end)
1. When I was little, I played hide-and-seek with my
cousins and friends.
_______________________________________________
__________________________________________
2.My little brother always told jokes. There was much
laughter!
_______________________________________________
__________________________________________
3.Did you climb trees or did you jump rope yesterday?
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________
4. My little sister always built with blocks. She was
creative.
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________
5.My best friend (fem) was animated and sociable.
___________________________________________________
___________________________________
6.I liked school a lot (watch out, think about gustar and how it
would be conjugated for one item) and I got good grades. It
was really easy!
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
________
7. When my great-grandmother was little, her family was poor,
but they were happy.
___________________________________________________
___________________________________
8. Last week all my relatives came to the party to celebrate my
birthday.
___________________________________________________
___________________________________
9. There were twins in my class last year.
___________________________________________
___________________________________
10. My mother was successful in returning (to
return) to work after having my sister.
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
11. I was always embarrassed in school and my face
was always red.
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
12. My dad was always careful when he played with us.
________________________________________________
______________________________________
13. My sister’s boyfriend was jealous when she spent time
with her friends.
________________________________________________
______________________________________
14. In school, my sister was shy, but at home, she was fun
and animated.
________________________________________________
______________________________
¿P o I?
Cuando yo 1.___________(ser) joven, mi mejor amiga
2. _______________(llamarse) Yolanda, pero su
apodo 3. __________________(ser) Yoli. Yoli y yo
siempre 4. _____________ (andar) juntas.
A nosotras nos 5. ______________gustar) hacer las
mismas cosas. Por ejemplo, a ella le
6.______________ (gustar) escribir cuentos y a mi
me 7. _______________(gustar) escribir poemas. Yo
8.___________________(compartir) mis ideas con
ella. Ella me 9._______________(influir) mucho.
• Un día Yoli 10. _____________(estar) en mi casa
cuando me 11. ____________(decir), “¿Por qué
no vamos al centro comercial?” Aunque me
12. ______________(parecer) buena idea, yo
13.____________(saber) que no 14.___________
(poder) ir sin pedir permiso a mis papas. Pero mis
papás 15. ______________(estar) en el trabajo.
“¡Anda, vamos!” me
16._______________(repetir) hasta que me
17._______________(convencer).
Al llegar al centro comercial, la primera persona
que 18.______(ver) 19._____________(ser) mi
tía. Mi tía inmediatamente
20._____________(llamar) a mis padres para
decirles que 21._________________(estar) fuera
de casa sin permiso.Ese día, 22. __________
(resolver) jamás hacerle caso a Yoli.