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Basic English Grammar For English
Language Learners
Meeting #7
Hery Yanto The
English 3.0 Series, Summer 2012
July 9, 2012
English
Language
Testing
Meeting
#7
Part of
Speech II
AGENDA
Part I
English Language Testing
Examples of Widely
Accepted Exams
Examples of Other
Quality Exams
• Cambridge ESOL
Examinations
• Test Of English for
International
Communication (TOEIC)
• Test of English as a Foreign
Language (TOEFL)
• International English
Language Testing System
(IELTS)
• Michigan Proficiency
Exams
• Trinity College London
Exams
• The Global TESOL
Certificate
• Harvard Institute for
English Language
Program
Types of English Language Testing
One of the admission
requirements
One of the job
qualifications
Why I have to take a language exam/testing?
Photo used from Univ. of Birmingham and Tesolexpressonline
• Design based on specific need of students/learners (job
qualification, university enrollment, etc.)
• Center the teaching and learning to skills and discourse
based on the need
• Ambiguity: English Testing Training is an ESP OR the
ESP should be added to the English Testing Training
• Known as English as a Foreign or Second Language, and
English for Academic Purposes
• Usually the learners are adults, and they are at the
intermediate or advanced levels
English for Specific Purposes (ESP)
Contents
Strategies
English Testing Training Institute
• Level A – Basic User
• A1 – Beginner
• A2 – Elementary
• Level B – Independent User
• B1 – Intermediate
• B2 – Upper Intermediate
• Level C – Proficient User
• C1 – Advanced
• C2 – Mastery
Common European Framework of
Reference for Languages (CEFRL)
IELTS Bands
TOEFL iBT Scores
Support
form
institution?
My score
Life Long
Learning?
- I got 5 for my IELTS.
- I had difficulty on
understanding
conversations used in
the test.
- I am planning to apply
to a university in the
UK next year.
- The university
requires 5.5 for
IELTS.
- The university has
an English
Training Program.
- I will continue to
improve my
listening skill by
watching movies.
Decision
My Score = Self Reflection + Make Decision
Part II
Part of Speech … Continue
• Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns by answering questions such as Whose?
Which one? What kind? How many?
• Adjectives should be close to the words they modify. Frequently, they appear
before the noun the noun they modify.
• The pop star was driving along the Freeway in his luxury car when
police pulled him over.
• In an ideal situation, John would play 20 or 25 minutes off the bench.
• Descriptive adjectives, designate qualities or attributes, may come before or after
the noun or pronoun they modify for stylistic reasons.
• Subject complements are adjectives that describe the subject and follow linking
verbs.
• The sick and poor lady no longer believed the drug could save her
life.
• The lady, sick and poor, no longer believed the drug could save her
life.
• No longer believing that the drug could save her live, the lady was
sick and poor.
Adjectives
• The woodpecker and the squirrel
seem hungry.
• They take good care of the little
cubs.
• My younger brother Chung is
short and cute.
• The downtown has colorful
building.
• He wrote a wonderful story.
Underline the adjectives
• The woodpecker and the squirrel
seem hungry.
• They take good care of the little
cubs.
• My younger brother Chung is
short and cute.
• The downtown has colorful
building.
• He wrote a wonderful story.
Solution: Underline the adjectives
• Adverbs modify verbs, other adverbs, and adjectives.
• Adverbs usually end in –ly.
• Adverbs can be placed at the beginning or end of a
sentence, or before the verb they modify, but they usually
should not be placed between the verbs and its direct
object.
•
•
•
•
Normally it doesn’t rain much here.
He is interested in writing generally.
She had never sung better.
Consequently, he is still running the business.
Practice Test:
http://www.examenglish.com/grammar/b1_adverbs.htm
Adverbs
Photo used from esl-galaxy
Free Download:
English Prepositions List from
EnglishClub.Com
Brighton is south of London.
The floor under the table.
The train went through the tunnel.
I am behind you on this thing.
Function:
To allow the noun or pronoun in
the phrase to modify another word
in the sentence.
Prepositions
• Your book is in the desk drawer.
• Mr. Jones went to the post office with
his wife.
• Kenneth looks like his mother.
• We can meet at three.
• I heard the news from the radio.
Underline the preposition
• Your book is in the desk drawer.
• Mr. Jones went to the post office with
his wife.
• Kenneth looks like his mother.
• We can meet at three.
• I heard the news from the radio.
Solution: Underline the preposition
• Conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses and indicate their
relation to each other.
• Coordinating conjunctions join elements of equal weight or function.
• He was strong and healthy.
• The boys must have been tired, for they had been cleaning all day
long.
• Correlative conjunctions link sentence elements of equal value, but
they always come in pairs.
• Neither you nor I will go there today.
• He is not only an excellent professor, but also a well-known
researcher.
• Subordinators link sentence element that are not equal importance.
• Although I love you, I will not marry you.
• As if that is going to be of any use to me!
Conjunctions
Practice Tests:
http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/conj01.html
http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/conj02.html
http://a4esl.org/q/h/9901/gcconnectives.html
• Expressions – Verbal communication
• They are not used in academic or business English,
except in a quotation of dialogue.
• Wow, that was amazing, Donny!
• What you have to do is just click, hold, drag, and drop it
here. You see how it works? Wii, pretty easy doesn’t it?
Interjections
• Oops…we forgot to bring
umbrella.
• Oh my, the game will be delay
because of the rain.
• Hurray, give the player a cheer!
• Wew! Finally you made it!
Underline the Interjections
• Oops…we forgot to bring
umbrella.
• Oh my, the game will be delay
because of the rain.
• Hurray, give the player a cheer!
• Wew! Finally you made it!
Solution: Underline the Interjections
• Send an email to the facilitator for enrolling to the course.
Write your full name and your country of origin. For
example: Ahmad Faisal, Nigeria.
• The facilitator email address is [email protected]
• Star to learn from the course website:
http://basicenglishgrammar.weebly.com
• Help us to improve the lesson/course by filling out a
survey here: BEG Survey
Closing Notes