Belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage

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Transcript Belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage

Islamic Civilization
The Beliefs of Islam
Seat work
Students will quietly enter the room, find your seats
and discuss your three sticky notes on pages 454-459
with your row group.
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Islamic Civilization
The Beliefs of Islam
Islam’s holy book
Quran
Islamic house of worship
mosque
What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
Belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Islamic Civilization
The Beliefs of Islam
Islam’s holy book
Quran
Islamic house of worship
mosque
What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
Belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
How do rituals organize our lives?
Daily Rituals
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Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
Key Ideas
The main sources of Islamic teachings are
the Quran and the Sunnah.
Islam is a monotheistic religion that requires
believers to perform five basic duties known
as the Five Pillars of Islam.
Prayer and right conduct are important parts
of Islamic teaching.
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Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
Key Terms
Quran—Islam’s holy book
Sunnah—traditions believed by many Muslims
to come from the prophet Muhammad
Hajj—pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca
mosque—Islamic house of worship
Sharia—Islamic law
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Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
Sources of Islamic Teachings
The Quran
• Islam’s holy book; main source of teaching
• According to Islam, the record of God’s
revelation to Muhammad, compiled by his
followers
• Written in verse and studied in Arabic by
Muslims everywhere
The Sunnah
• Guidelines for living a proper life, based on
the words and actions of Muhammad
• Help interpreting the Quran
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Islamic Civilization
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
What is the role of scripture in Muslim beliefs?
Describe the contents and style of the Quran.
How does the Arabic language
unite Muslims everywhere?
How might widespread literacy
contribute to Muslim learning?
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Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
What do Muslims believe about God?
Beliefs About God
Monotheism
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Submission
to God’s Will
The Soul
and Afterlife
Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
Islamic Beliefs and Rituals
What belief about God do Muslims
share with Jews and Christians?
What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
What do Muslims do to follow the Five Pillars?
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Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
Five Pillars of Islam:
Prayer and Pilgrimage
Prayer
• five times a day, following specific rituals
such as washing and facing Mecca
•
worshipers called to prayer by a muezzin
•
sometimes at mosques, especially on
Fridays
Pilgrimage
• also known as Hajj, journey to Mecca
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Islamic Civilization
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
Where do Muslims live today?
In which region of the world are four of the five
countries shown on the bar graph located?
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Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
Prayer, Pilgrimage, and Law
What features do most mosques share?
What important ritual do Muslim pilgrims
perform at the Kaaba?
How might rules for proper behavior help people
resolve family issues and do business?
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Islamic Civilization
Beliefs of Islam
How are religion and culture connected?
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