birthplace of three religions

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Transcript birthplace of three religions

BIRTHPLACE OF THREE
RELIGIONS
Religious Center
• 3 Religions:
-Judaism, Christianity,
Islam all started in
SW Asia (The Middle
East)
• Jerusalem (located in
Israel):
-a city where Jews,
Christians, Muslims
have lived for
centuries
THE BASICS
• 3 Religions believe:
• one Godmonotheism
• each led by a single
person
Jerusalem
• set of sacred writings
JUDAISM
HISTORY
-Hebrews- 1st
monotheist religion
-called God “Yahweh”
-Yahweh spoke to
Abraham- go to
Canaan (PRESENT
DAY Israel)
-his (Abraham)
descendants are
Jews
A STORY OF EXILE
• 586 BC
-Babylonians from Mesopotamia
-Destroyed the First Temple built by
Jews in Jerusalem
-Jews exiled to Babylonia
1st Temple built by
King Solomon
REBUILDING THE TEMPLE
• 536 BC:
-Persians
took
control of
Mesopotamia
-Jews allowed
back to
Jerusalem
-rebuilt Temple
2nd Temple in Jerusalem
ND
THE 2 TEMPLE DESTROYED
• Roman Controlled Jerusalem
-Jews revolted in 66AD
- (2ND)Temple destroyed
– The Wailing Wall remains
Jewish Leaders…
• encouraged
Jews to replace
worship in
Temple with
prayer, study,
and good
deeds.
1800 YEARS LATER…
•-Jews lived outside of
Jerusalem hoping it
would once again be
home of Judaism
Birth of Christianity
8 to 4 BC
• Jewish boy,
Jesus, born in
Bethlehem in
ancient
Palestine
(Israel)
4 Gospels
• -story of his life
started 30 yrs.
after Jesus’
death
• -Christian
scripture in
Bible (New
Testament)
EARLY LIFE
• -Jesus grew up Galilee
• -baptized by his cousin John the
Baptist
• -Jesus traveled preaching religion of
love and forgiveness, and performing
miracles
• -people (disciples) came to hear his
words
MESSIAH
• Jewish people:
-believed a Messiah, or savior would come
to lead them out of exile
• Messiah:
-some people believed Jesus was the
Messiah
-Jesus became know as Christ, Greek for
Messiah
Christians
-people who believed in Jesus’ ideas
and teachings
• Government &Religious Leaders:
-feared Jesus teaching as threat to their
power
-Jesus came to Jerusalem to celebrate
Passover was betrayed by Judas, a
Disciple
-Jesus arrested, tried, crucified and died
THE WORD
• Jesus Disciples:
-spread his teachings and their belief that he was
the Messiah promised in Jewish scripture
• Roots in Judaism:
-new religion Christianity developed
• Christianity:
-based on life and teaching of Jesus
-spread to other parts of world from Jerusalem
Muhammad,
the Prophet of Islam
Muhammad
• 570 AD:
-Muhammad
born in Mecca
(Saudi Arabia)
-founder of
Islam
Mecca during Hajj
THE BASICS
Islam:
-believe in 1 God and
Muhammad is his
Prophet (person who
speaks through Divine
inspiration)
Muslim:
-a believer in Islam
610 AD:
-Muslims believe God spoke
to Muhammad
BELIEFS
• Muhammad
teachings:
-came from angel
Gabriel, who revealed
the will of God
• Gabriel:
-sent revelations to
Muhammad for 22
years
• Qur’an:
-collection of
revelations, sacred
text of Islam
• Mohammed:
-encouraged people to
worship one God, aid
the poor (included in
the 5 Pillars of Faith)
622 AD
-Muhammad left
Mecca for Medina
(where he later
dies)
-Gov’t thought he
was a threat to
traditions and
business
- start beginning of
Muslim calendar
Mosque in Medina, Saudi Arabia